APUSH Chapter 36

33 terms by shilton

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Dwight Eisenhower

United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany

Marshal Rommel

German field marshal noted for brilliant generalship in North Africa during World War II (1891-1944)

Admiral Chester W. Nimitz

He decoded Japanese naval codes, planning to knock out the American fleet, but he knew the plans and locations of the Japanese ships.

War Production board

During WWII, FDR established it to allocated scarce materials, limited or stopped the production of civilian goods, and distributed contracts among competing manufacturers

War Labor Board

(WLB) settled disputes between business and labor without strikes so that production would not be interrupted and morale would be high

Smith-Conally Act

unions had to wait 30 days to strike and gov't could seize a struck war plant

Negro March on Washington

In 1941 Philip Randolph and Baynard Rustin began to organize a march to Washington to protest against discrimination in the defense industries. In May Randolph issued a "Call to Negro America to March on Washington for Jobs and Equal Participation in National Defense on July, 1, 1941".

Double V

African-Americans demanded a "Double V" campaign to gain victory over racial discrimination at home as well as over the Axis abroad.

Native American War contribution

The U. S. used to the Navajo code to communicate since nobody else new the language

Braceros

Mexican workers that were brought to America to work when so many men and women were gone from home during World War II that there weren't enough workers.

American War Economy

The economy boomed, but because of money spent on war efforts not a big boom.

General Douglas MacArthur

He was one of the most-known American military leaders of WW2(He liberated the Phillipines and made the Japanese surrender at Tokyo in 1945, also he drove back North Korean invaders during the Korean War)

Battle of the Coral Sea

A battle between Japanese and American naval forces that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia.

Battle at Midway

Important battle, US claimed air superiority due to Japanese air carriers destroyed, midway for refueling

Guadalcanal Island

6th months of fighting between allies and Japanese; allies took island

Leap-frogging

chasing Japan from island to island

Battle of Stalingrad

Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.

Tehran Conference

First major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war

D-Day

planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris

French Underground

The underground movement of French civilians who fought against Nazi Germans who occupied France during much of WWII. This well organized group killed many German's and assisted the Allied forces in any way possible.

election of 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt/democrat vs. Thomas Dewy/republican= Roosevelt (VP=Harry Truman)

Battle of the Bulge

a battle during World War II in December 1944 von Rundstedt launched a powerful counteroffensive in the forest at Ardennes and caught the Allies by surprise

Genocide

systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

Holocaust

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler

Fall of Berlin

april 30, 1941, hitler commits suicide and allies take control

VE Day

May 8, 1945; The name of the day which ended World War II in Europe

Battle of Tokyo

The Battle of Tokyo Bay was a World War II anti-shipping raid in Tokyo Harbor on the night of July 22, 1945. It was the last surface action of the war.

Iwo Jima / Okinawa

a bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders (February and March 1945)

Kamikazes

in World War II, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships

Manhattan Project

code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II

Atom Bombs

1945 U.S dropped 2 atom bombs on japan which inflicted extremely heavy damges and many casualties

Hiroshima / Nagasaki

the 2 sites of the American Atom bomb droppings

VJ Day

"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set