Baroque

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A baroque musical composition usually expresses ____________within the same movement.
All answers are correct.
a wide variety of moods
one basic mood
constantly changing moods

one basic mood

The solo instruments in Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 are the ____________, violin, and harpsichord.

flute

Dido and Aeneas, which many consider to be the finest opera ever written to an English text, was composed by

Henry Purcell.

To get a job, a musician had to

pass a difficult examination.

A characteristic often found in baroque melodies is

a short opening phrase followed by a longer phrase with an unbroken flow of rapid notes.

Monteverdi, an early baroque composer, strove to create music that was

passionate and dramatic.

The concerto grosso most often has three movements whose tempo markings are

fast, slow, fast.

While at Leipzig, Bach
was responsible for the musical education of some 55 students in the St. Thomas school.
rehearsed, conducted, and usually composed an extended work for chorus, soloists and orchestra for each Sunday and holiday of the church year.
taught organ and composition, gave recitals, and was often asked to judge the construction of organs.
All answers are correct.

All answers are correct.

Which of the following statements is not true?
Audiences in the baroque period were most anxious to hear old familiar favorites, and did not care for new music.
Church musicians in the baroque period earned lower pay and had less status than court musicians.
A large court during the baroque might employ more than eighty performers, including the finest opera singers of the day.
In Italy, music schools were often connected with orphanages.

Audiences in the baroque period were most anxious to hear old familiar favorites, and did not care for new music.

____________ is a musical procedure in which a fugue subject is imitated before it is completed.

Stretto

A large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative biblical text, is called

oratorio.

A popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking the strings was the

clavichord.

Handel's Messiah is an example of

an oratorio.

Which of the following statements is not true?
Most early baroque operas were based on Greek mythology and ancient history.
The members of the Florentine Camerata based their theories on actual dramatic music that had come down to them from the Greeks.
Polyphony was rejected by the members of the Florentine Camerata because different words sounding simultaneously would obscure the text.
The members of the Florentine Camerata wanted to create a new vocal style modeled on the music of ancient Greek tragedy.

The members of the Florentine Camerata based their theories on actual dramatic music that had come down to them from the Greeks.

An ____________ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, and action.

opera

Characteristic of baroque trio sonatas, the second movement of Corelli's Trio Sonata in A Minor, op. 3, no. 10, is

fugue-like.

Of Bach's twenty children, ____________ went on to become well-known composers.

four

The main theme of a fugue is called the

subject.

The members of the Camerata wanted the vocal line of their music to follow

the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech.

To evoke angry or warlike feelings in some of his texts, Monteverdi introduced new orchestral effects, including pizzicato and

tremolo.

A large court during the baroque period might employ about ____________ performers.

80

Baroque melodies often are

elaborate and ornamental.

Which of the following statements is not true?
Oratorios first appeared in England.
An oratorio is a large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative text.
Oratorio differs from opera in that it has no acting, scenery, or costumes.
The first oratorios were based on stories from the Bible.

Oratorios first appeared in England.

A sung piece, or choral work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment, is the

cantata.

In the baroque era, dynamics consisted mainly of sudden alterations between loud and soft called

terraced dynamics.

Handel spent the major portion of his life in

England.

Which of the following is not a part of the baroque suite?
Waltz
Allemande
Sarabande
Gigue

Waltz

George Frideric Handel was born in 1685, the same year as

Johann Sebastian Bach.

Melodic sequence refers to

the successive repetition of a musical idea at higher or lower pitches.

A polyphonic composition based on one main theme is the

fugue.

Which of the following statements is not true?
Baroque art is a complex mixture of rationalism, sensuality, materialism, and spirituality.
Regardless of form, baroque music features contrasts between bodies of sound.
Early baroque composers favored homophonic texture over the polyphonic texture typical of Renaissance music.
The late baroque period was one of the most revolutionary periods in music history.

The late baroque period was one of the most revolutionary periods in music history.

The French overture has

two sections: slow-fast.

Baroque trio sonatas usually involve ____________ performers.

four

Vivaldi wrote approximately ____________ concerti grossi and solo concertos.

450

A musical ornament consisting of the rapid alternation of two tones that are a whole or half step apart is a

trill.

Monteverdi's vocal music ordinarily was supported by a ____________ and other instruments.

basso continuo

In Italy, music schools were often connected with

orphanages.

The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and

Johann Sebastian Bach.

Bach created masterpieces in every baroque form except the
concerto.
sonata.
fugue.
opera.

opera.

The various dances of the baroque suite are usually

in AABB form.

The text, or book, of a musical dramatic work is called the

libretto.

The earliest opera that has been preserved is Jacopo Peri's

Euridice.

The middle baroque was characterized by

a diffusion of the style into every corner of Europe.

A concerto grosso most often has ____________ movement(s).

three

____________ is a musical idea repeated over and over in the bass while melodies above it constantly change.

Basso ostinato

Monteverdi spent the greater part of his career in

St. Mark's, Venice.

Although Handel wrote a great deal of instrumental music, the core of his huge output consists of English oratorios and Italian

operas.

A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called a/an

aria.

In oratorio, the story is carried forward by the

narrator's recitatives.

To achieve intensity of expression, Monteverdi used ____________ with unprecedented freedom and daring.

dissonances

Henry Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas was inspired by the Aeneid, an epic poem by

Virgil.

In the baroque period, the ordinary citizen's opportunities for hearing music usually came from the

church.

Corelli's Trio Sonata in A Minor, op. 3, no. 10, consists of four short movements, all in the same

key.

Which of the following statements is not true?
The sonata originated in Italy but spread to Germany, England, and France during the seventeenth century.
The trio sonata usually involved three performers, two on high instruments and one on a bass line.
The sonata da chiesa had a dignified character and was suitable for sacred performance.
Sonatas were played in palaces, in homes, and even before, during, and after church services.

The trio sonata usually involved three performers, two on high instruments and one on a bass line.

In their use of aria, duet, and recitative, Bach's cantatas closely resembled the ____________ of the time.

operas

Which of the following statements is not true?
A concerto grosso normally involves a large group of soloists accompanied by an equal number of supporting players.
The first and last movements of concerti grossi are often in ritornello form, a form that features the alternation between tutti and solo sections.
A concerto grosso normally involves two to four soloists, and anywhere from eight to twenty or more musicians for the tutti.
A concerto grosso presents a contrast of texture between the tutti and the soloists, who assert their individuality and appeal for attention through brilliant and fanciful melodic lines.

A concerto grosso normally involves a large group of soloists accompanied by an equal number of supporting players.

A two-part collection of preludes and fugues, one in each major and minor key, basic to the repertoire of keyboard players today, is Bach's

Well-Tempered Clavier.

The middle baroque period spanned the years

1640-1690.

The compelling drive and energy in baroque music are usually provided by

repeated rhythmic patterns.

The first opera house in Europe to offer entry to anyone with the price of admission opened in 1637 in

Venice.

The ____________ in an oratorio is especially important and serves either to comment on or to participate in the drama.

chorus

Oratorio differs from opera in that it has no

acting, scenery, or costumes.

The music director of a baroque court was usually not responsible for
composing much of the music desired.
publicity in reaching an audience.
supervising and directing the musical performances.
the discipline of the other musicians.

publicity in reaching an audience.

In Bach's day, the Lutheran church service lasted about ____________ hour(s).

four

A ____________ is a short instrumental composition based on a hymn tune that reminds the congregation of the hymn's melody.

chorale prelude

Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 is unusual in that

it gives a solo role to the harpsichord.

A(n) ____________ is a musical number for two solo voices with orchestral accompaniment.

duet

The first and last movements of the concerto grosso are often in ____________ form.

ritornello

All of the following were baroque painters except
Rembrandt van Rijn.
Peter Paul Rubens.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Isaac Newton.

Isaac Newton.

Presenting the subject of a fugue in shortened time values is called

diminution.

Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time in the ____________ period.

late baroque

The baroque principle of ____________ may be temporarily suspended in vocal music when drastic changes of emotion in a text inspires corresponding changes in the music.

unity of mood

Which of the following statements is not true?
All twelve of Monteverdi's operas are regularly performed in Europe and America.
Monteverdi creates variety in Orfeo by using many kinds of music, combining recitatives, arias, duets, choruses, and instrumental interludes into one dramatic whole.
Monteverdi's Orfeo, composed in 1607, is considered to be the earliest operatic masterpiece.
Monteverdi's works form a musical bridge between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and greatly influenced composers of the time.

All twelve of Monteverdi's operas are regularly performed in Europe and America.

Very often an independent fugue is introduced by a short piece called a(n)

prelude.

One of the most revolutionary periods in music history was the

early baroque.

The theorbo is a(n)

plucked string instrument capable of producing chords as well as a bass line.

The first oratorios were based on

stories from the Bible.

A Vivaldi concerto usually has ____________ movements.

three

Which of the following statements is not true?
For most of his life, Vivaldi was a violin teacher, composer, and conductor at the music school of the Pietà, an institution for orphaned or illegitimate girls in Venice.
Vivaldi's solo concertos The Four Seasons are examples of baroque program music, or instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene.
Some of Vivaldi's instrumental concertos were arranged by J. S. Bach.
Like Corelli, Vivaldi wrote only instrumental music.

Like Corelli, Vivaldi wrote only instrumental music.

When the subject of a fugue is presented in the dominant scale, it is called the

answer.

Orpheus goes to Hades in the hope of bringing ____________ back to life.

Eurydice

Modern historians use the term baroque to indicate

a particular style in the arts.

Sets of dance-inspired instrumental movements are called

suites.

The ____________ is an instrumental composition based on a chorale.

chorale prelude

A sonata to be played at court, and therefore dancelike in character, was called a

sonata da camera.

Oratorios first appeared in

Italy.

A ____________ is a singer with a low range who usually takes comic roles.

basso buffo

Which of the following oratorios is not by Handel?
Israel in Egypt
Joshua
Elijah
Messiah

Elijah

Vivaldi spent most of his life working at an institution for orphaned and illegitimate girls in

Venice.

Embellishments are

ornamental tones not printed in the music that seventeenth- and eighteenth-century performers were expected to add to the melody.

In many fugues, the subject in one voice is constantly accompanied in another voice by a different melodic idea called a(n)

countersubject.

____________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech.

Recitative

Which of the following statements is not true?
Baroque suites often begin with a French overture.
A baroque suite is made up of different movements that are all written in the same key but differ in tempo, meter, and character.
The various dances of the baroque suite are usually in AABB form.
The baroque suite is a musical form exclusive to the orchestra.

The baroque suite is a musical form exclusive to the orchestra.

Vivaldi wrote concertos

for a great variety of instruments.

The early baroque was characterized by

homophonic texture.

Composers in the middle baroque phase favored writing compositions for instruments of the ____________ family.

violin

Presenting the subject of a fugue from right to left, or beginning with the last and proceeding backward to the first note, is called

retrograde.

Vivaldi was famous and influential as a virtuoso

violinist.

The ____________ is a Lutheran congregational hymn tune.

chorale

A(n) ____________ is an operatic number involving three or more leading singers.

ensemble

Terraced dynamics refers to

the sudden alternation from one dynamic level to another.

Transitional sections of a fugue that offer either new material or fragments of the subject or countersubject are called

episodes.

Baroque suites frequently begin with a

French overture.

Which of the following statements is not true?
The cantata of Bach's day might last 25 minutes and contain several different movements, including choruses, recitatives, arias, and duets.
Lutheran chorales were tunes that had been composed in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries or had been adapted from folk songs and Catholic hymns.
In a sense, the cantata was a sermon in music that reinforced the minister's sermon.
When chorale melodies were harmonized for church choirs, the tune was assigned to the tenors.

When chorale melodies were harmonized for church choirs, the tune was assigned to the tenors.

The baroque, as a stylistic period in western art music, encompassed the years

1600-1750.

Some of Vivaldi's instrumental concertos were arranged by

Johann Sebastian Bach.

A sonata intended to be played in church, and therefore dignified and suitable for sacred performance, was called a

sonata da chiesa.

Although all the movements of a baroque suite are in the same key, they differ in
All answers are correct.
meter.
national origin.
tempo.

All answers are correct.

Corelli's Trio Sonata in A Minor, op. 3, no. 10, is scored for

two violins and basso continuo.

Bach achieves unity of mood in his compositions by using

an insistent rhythmic drive.

An element of the oratorio that is especially important and serves to comment on or participate in the drama is the

chorus.

The early baroque period spanned the years

1600-1640.

The late baroque period spanned the years

1690-1750.

When chorale melodies were harmonized for church choir, the tune was given to the

congregation.

Affections in baroque usage refers to

emotional states or moods of music.

By about ____________, major or minor scales were the tonal basis of most compositions.

1690

A typical baroque operatic form was the da capo aria in ABA form in which the singer

was expected to embellish the returning melody with ornamental tones.

The main keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the organ and the

harpsichord.

Castrati
combined the lung power of a man with the vocal range of a woman.
received the highest fees of any musicians.
All answers are correct.
were male singers who had been castrated before puberty.

All answers are correct.

The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of

basso continuo.

Pieces of an oratorio are usually connected together by means of

a narrator's recitatives.

Baroque melodies give the impression of

dynamic expansion.

The longest period of Johann Sebastian Bach's professional life was spent as director of music at St. Thomas's Church in

Leipzig.

Baroque painters exploited their materials to expand the potential of ____________ to create totally structured worlds.
depth
ornament and detail
color
All answers are correct.

All answers are correct.

A ____________ is a single tone, usually in the bass, that is held while the other voices produce a series of changing harmonies against it.

pedal point

Most early baroque operas were based on Greek mythology and

ancient history.

The orchestra evolved during the baroque period into a performing group based on instruments of the ____________ family.

violin

Which of the following statements is not true?
The focus of the Handelian oratorio is usually the chorus.
Most of Handel's oratorios are without plot or characters since they were primarily intended for church use.
Handel's oratorios are usually based on the Old Testament.
Messiah, set to a text compiled by Charles Jennings from the Old and New Testaments, is meditative rather than dramatic like Handel's other oratorios.

Most of Handel's oratorios are without plot or characters since they were primarily intended for church use.

Bach's personal musical style was drawn from
Italian concertos.
German church music.
French dance pieces.
All answers are correct.

All answers are correct.

The early and late baroque periods differed in that composers in the early baroque

favored homophonic texture.

Presenting the subject of a fugue in lengthened time values is called

augmentation.

A ____________ is a singer with a very low range and powerful voice, who usually takes roles calling for great dignity.

basso profundo

The word baroque has at various times meant all of the following except
naturalistic.
bizarre.
flamboyant.
elaborately ornamented.

naturalistic.

Baroque style flourished in music during the period

1600-1750.

Frederick the Great, king of Prussia, was a
composer.
All answers are correct.
flutist.
general.

All answers are correct.

Turning the subject of a fugue upside down, or reversing the direction of each interval, is called

inversion.

Congregational singing of chorales was an important way for people to
All answers are correct.
participate directly in the service.
learn new music.
stay awake during long sermons.

participate directly in the service.

An ____________ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work.

overture

The Lutheran chorale tunes
had been adapted from folk songs.
were composed in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
All answers are correct.
had been adapted from Catholic hymns.

All answers are correct.

The respect given Henry Purcell by his fellow Englishmen is evidenced by his burial in

Westminster Abbey.

The word movement in music normally refers to

a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition.

The position of the composer during the baroque period was that of

a high-class servant with few personal rights.

The large group of players in a concerto grosso is known as the

tutti.

Handel's oratorios are usually based on

the Old Testament.

Which of the following statements is not true?
The terms ensemble and chorus are synonymous.
Voice categories in opera are divided more finely than in other musical genres.
Operas may contain spoken dialogue, but most are sung entirely.
Opera soloists must create a wide variety of characters, and so need acting skills as well as vocal artistry.

The terms ensemble and chorus are synonymous.

The stage machinery of baroque opera

bordered on the colossal.

The sonata in the baroque period was a composition in several movements for

one to eight instruments.

All of the following were major baroque composers except
Arcangelo Corelli.
Wolfgang A. Mozart.
Claudio Monteverdi.
Antonio Vivaldi.

Wolfgang A. Mozart.

Members of the Camerata wanted to create a new vocal style based on the

music of the ancient Greek tragedies.

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