In setting the broad rules of the game of politics, constitutions
divide power and gives guarantees to the citizens
The British government stepped up its control over the American colonies with new taxes and stronger commerce regulations right after
the French and Indian War in 1763
During the colonial period,
colonists had no representation in Parliament; boycotted British goods; formed First Continental Congress
The British levied new taxes on its North American colonies in the eighteenth century in order to pay for
colonial administration and defense
The Declaration of independence was a
document declaring american independence from Britain
The Declaration of Independence was primarily
a justification of a revolution
The primary author of the Declaration of Independence
was Thomas Jefferson
The Declaration of Independence
stated grievances against teh British monarch and was a Declaration of Independence
The foundationof John Locke's philosophy was that human beings
can revolt against the government if necessary
The American Revolution was based upon the ideas of
John Locke's ideas on natural rights were related to human law in that
laws are determined by an innate moral sense
Reflecting the natural rights philosophy, the Declaration of Independence stated that governments derive their just powers from
Lockean thought and the Declaration of Independence are similar in that both
give people responsibility and focus on the people
Thomas Jefferson's phrase "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" was a modification of John Locke's phrase "Life, liberty, and...
The primary goal of the American Revolution was
to gain independence from Britain
The Articles of Confederation were adopted by
the Continental Congress
Beginning in 1781, the United States was governed under the
Articles of Confederation
Under the Articles of Confederation, most power rested with the
The United States government under the Articles of Confederation can best be described as
Under the Articles of Confederation, power in the states began to shift to the hands of
the state governments
A small band of farmers in western Massachussetts took up arms in what is remembered as
Finish the Quote: After the Revolution, James Madison observed that "the most common and durable source of faction has been
the various and unequal division of property."
Among the factors that contributed to economic turmoil under the Articles of Confederation was teh
Shay's Rebellion was
a series of attacks on courthouses by a band of farmers
What was the significance of the Annapolis meeting?
discussed problems from the Articles of Confederation
Those who met at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 were
representatives from 12 states
What was the original, sole, and express purpose of the convention in Philadelphia?
to make a constitution and revise the Articles of Confederation
What view of human nature did the delegates at the Constitutional Convention have?
it was a core idea and the main focus
According to James Madison and many of the delegates at the Constitutional Convention, what is the primary source of political conflict?
various and unequal distribution of property
Most of the delegates at the Constitutional Convention regarded what as the greatest threat to government?
factions like instability, tyranny, and violence
The view of human nature most prevalent amont the Founding Fathers was that
all people are equal
The________, offered as a proposal at the Constitutional Convention, called for each state to be equally represented in Congress.
New Jersey Plan
The Virgina and New Jersey Plans introducede at teh Constitutional Convention differed mainly over whether
the representation was equal or based on population
According to the Constitution, each state was entitled to how many senators?
As originally established by the Constitution, the House of Representatives had how many members from each state?
different amounts based on population
The Conneticut Compromise at the Constitutional Convention
resolved the impasse between those who favored the New Jersey Plan and those who favored the Virginia Plan
On the issue of slaves, the Constitution specified
slaves were legal (except in Massachussets)
Regarding the right to vote in national elections, the framers of the Constitution
chose all free males
A major purpose of the economic provisions in the Constitution was to
address problems with the economy
Compared to teh government under the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution gave teh central government
In order to put the national economy on sound footing, the Constitution obligated teh new government to _________ all the government debts incurred under the Constitutional Congress.
create a policy for
The framers of the Constitution gave the chief economic policymaking role to
The delegates to the Constitutional Convention did not worry about preserving individual rights for all of the following reasons.
because the limited government couldn't threaten personal freedoms
The government designed at the Constitutional Convention allowed the voters to directly elect
The two key elements of the Madisonan model were to
keep most of the government beyond the control of the majority; separate the powers of different institution
The system of checks and balances in the Constitution means that
different institutions work together to regulate their actions
The Federalist Papers were
85 articles by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison (Publius) to defend the Constitution
Ratification of the Constitution
required 9 of 13 states to approve it
Opposition to ratification of the Constitution was based on the belief that it would
be too much change
The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution
in response to Anti-Federalist papers
Ratification of the Constitution was done by
special conventions in each state
Constitutional amendments are usually ratified by
legisatures of 3/4 of states or special state conventions in 4/4 states
The most important effect of the constitutional amendments has been to
emphasize equality and increase ability of people to affect the government
To propose a formal amendment to the Constitution, one needs to have a
2/3 vote in each house of Congress or a national convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 state legislatures
How has the Electoral College changed from the original intent of the framers?
more egalitarian and democratic
The Supreme Court in Marbury v. Madison (1803) aserted the power of the Court to
resolve differences of opinion
The separation of powers and the checks and balances established by the Constitution
is to have each branch check and regulate each other to keep the system balanced