Medical Terminology Chapter 2-Medical Terms

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Medical terms from Medical Terminology Chapter 2

Adenocarcinoma

Cancerous tumor of glandular tissue.

Adenoma

Tumor composed of glandular tissue (benign)

Carcinoma

CA
Cancerous tumor

Chloroma

Tumor of green color (malignant, arising from myeloid tissue)

Epithelioma

Tumor composed of epithelium (may be benign or malignant)

Fibroma

Tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue) (Benign)

Fibrosarcoma

Malignant tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)

Leiomyoma

Tumor composed of smooth muscle (benign)

Leiomyosarcoma

Malignant tumor of smooth muscle.

Lipoma

Tumor composed of fat (benign)

Liposarcoma

Malignant tumor of fat

Melanocarcinoma

Cancerous black tumor

Melanoma

Black tumor (primarily of the skin)

Myoma

Tumor composed of muscle (benign)

Neoplasm

New grown (of abnormal tissue or tumor)

Neuroma

Tumor composed of Nerve (benign)

Rhabdomyoma

Tumor composed of striated muscle (benign)

Rhabdomyosarcoma

Malignant tumor of striated muscle

Sarcoma

Tumor of connective tissue (such as bone or cartilage) (Highly Malignant)

Cytogenic

Producing cells

Cytoid

Resembling a cell

Cytology

The study of cells

Cytoplasm

Cell substance

Dysplasia

Abnormal Development

Epithelial

Pertaining to the epithelium

Erthrocyte

Red (blood) cell

Erythrocytosis

Increase in the number of red (blood) cells

Histology

Study of tissue

Hyperplasia

Excessive development

Hypoplasia

Incomplete development

Karyocyte

Cell with a nucleus

Karyoplasm

Substance with a nucleus

Leukocyte

White (blood) cell

Leukocytosis

Increase in the number of white (blood) cells

Lipoid

Resembling fat

Myopathy

Disease of the muscle

Neuroid

Resembling a nerve

Somatic

Pertaining to the body

Somatogenic

Originating in the body (organic as opposed to psychologic)

Somatopathy

Disease of the body

Somatoplasm

Body substance

systemic

Pertaining to a (body) system (or the body as a whole)

Visceral

Pertaining to the internal organs

Cancerous

Pertaining to Cancer

Carcinogen

Substance that causes cancer

Carcinogenic

Producing Cancer

Cyanosis

Abnormal condition of blue (bluish discoloration of the skin caused by inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood)

Diagnosis

(Dx)
State of complete knowledge (Identifying a disease)

Etiology

Study of causes (of diseases)

iatrogenic

Produced by a physician (The unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)

iatrology

Study of medicine

Metastasis

Beyond control (spread of disease from one organ to another, as in the transfer of malignant tumors)

Neopathy

New disease

Oncogenic

Causing tumors

Oncologist

A physician who studies and treats tumors

Oncology

Study of tumors (a branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)

Organic

Pertaining to an organ

Pathogenic

Producing disease

Pathologist

A physician who studies diseases (examines biopsies and performs autopsies to determine cause of disease or death)

Pathology

Study of disease (a branch of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)

Prognosis

(Px)
State of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)

Xanthochromic

Pertaining to yellow color

Xanthosis

Abnormal condition of yellow (discoloration)

Benign

Non malignant (cancerous), non-recurrent, favorable for recovery

Carcinoma in situ

Cancer in the early stage before invading surrounding tissue

Chemo Therapy

(Chemo)
Treatment of cancer with drugs

Encapsulated

Enclosed in a capsule, as with benign tumors

Exacerbation

Increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms.

Idiopathic

Pertaining to disease of unknown orgin

Inflammation

Response to injury or destruction of tissue characterized by redness, swelling heat, and pain.

in Vitro

Within a glass, observable within a test tube.

in Vivo

Within the living body

Malignant

Tending to become progressively worse and to cause death, as in cancer.

Radiation Therapy

(XRT)
Treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, x-ray, or radiation (Also called radiation oncology and radiotherapy)

Remission

Improvement or absence of signs of disease

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