Explain why France was butter towards Germany more than any other country.
-France was bitter due to the Franco-Prussian wars and multiple invasions Germany had conducted in the country.
Explain the effect of militarism in the late 1800s in Europe.
-Nations made political and military alliances
Describe how aggressive nationalism pushed France and Germany to the brink of war in the early 1900s
-France yearned for revenge against Germany to regain its position as Europe's leading power
When war between Russia and Japan ended Germany hoped Russia would become their ally. Instead Russia became closer to ___.
Explain how the Franco-Prussian war kicked off the alliance system in Europe
-Germany signed the 1st alliance treaties to protect itself against France, which was eager ti avenge its defeat in the Franco-Prussian war.
Germany joined the Triple Alliance to protect itself against ?
Describe what the hague tribunal was.
-It was a court set up by world leaders. It was meant to settle disputes between nations peacefully.
An alliance between France and this country,who borrowed money, was another act toward WWI. Name the country
glorification of the military
Which of the following was an effect of militarism in Europe in the late 1800s?
-nations made political and military alliances
Nations making political and military alliances was an effect of
Britain and France signed an etente and became the
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy made up the ___
What role did militarism play in the years before WWI?
-European countries focused on building up their military forces, preparing for war.
What role did Imperialismplay in Europe's push towards war?
-Imperialism led to competition between countries for colonies, increasing tensions
what relations did germany and france hold in the years leading up to WWI?
-France wanted revenge for their loss in the Franco-Prussian wars.
The bitterness between France and germany can be attributed, for the most part to, ___
Archduke who was assassinated while on a visit to Sarajevo
What ethnic tensions in Bosnia led to the assassination of Francis Ferdinand and launched WWI?
-The Serbians viewed the Austriand as foreign oppressors
Which of the following statements describes Kaiser William II?
-He was a german leader who supported Austria's war with Serbia
The chain of alliances began when Germany encouraged Austria to go to war with ___
Who was Austria's biggest ally?
Explain the ethnic tensions in Bosnia that led to the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand.
-The Serbians viewed Austrians as foreign oppressors.
The 3 main points of the ten-part ultimatum goven to Serbia by Austria included all except__
-the Seizure of Serbian lands by Austria
On August 1, 1914, Germanyt declared war on which country when it refused an ultumatum to demobilize?
Germany's "Schlieffen Plan" was to begin the war by traveling through Belgium to attack __.
Britain declared war on Germany after it's army went into which neutral country?
britain was forced to declare war on germany
-because the German army disrupted Belgian neutrality, which Britain promised to protect
German forces were pushed back at the battle of marne by
-Britain and France
In WWI the Ottoman empire joined the
Which of the following statements is true regarding the ottoman empire in WWI?
-it joined the Central Powers
What weapon contributed to the stalemate on the western front?
-The machine gun
On the eve of WWI Bosnia was ruled by?
Explain the role of the ottoman empire in WWI.
-They joined the central powers
Explain how the machine gun led to stalemate on the war front?
-Soldiers were killed before they could reach enemy lines.
A stalemate is best described as
-a situation in which niether side of the conflict gains an advantage
How did the machine gun change the nature of fighting?
-made combat more impersonal by enabling soldiers to kill their enemy from a distance.
German leader who supported Austria's war with Serbia
-Kaiser Whelhelm II
Which of the following weapons contributed most to the stalemate on the Western Front during WWI?
-automatic machine gun
WWI was more destructive than earlier wars because
-modern weapons were more deadly
Which of the following weapons trurned WWI into a global war?
Italy declared war on
-Germany and Austria
What were Zeppelins?
-Balloons carrying bombs
What was the outcome of the Battle at Verdun?
-Germany and France lost 500,00 soldiers
The entry of the U.S. into the WWI tipped the scales in favor of ?
In waging a TOTAL WAR, a nation channels all of its ____ into the war effort
What did the treaty of Brest-Litovsk accomplish in the war?
-it ended Russia's envolvement
Which of the following statements about nations dissatisfaction with the treaty of versailles is not true?
-China wanted land in Germany
The Central Powers thought that the armistice was a__?
Which of the following did not increase the number of deaths after the war?
Which of the following terms describes the spread of influenza across europe after the war?
In 1918 Europe was
Which of the following was a major reason the U.S. exchanged neutrality for war in 1917?
-Germans used their submarines to attack ships carrying American citizens and supplies to the Allies.
"The only lasting peace will be a peace without victory."
Which of these was an immediate cause of the 1917 revolution in Russia?
-Disasters on the WWi battlefields; Fuel shortages; food shortages (all of the above)
Lenin envisioned what type of society?
-one without class
Lenin wanted a society in which the land and factories were owned by who?
Fearing counter-attakcs and sabotage, the Bolsheviks created what commission?
Describe Lenin's ideal vision of Russian society under communism and the steps he took to realize that vision.
-Lenin envisioned a classless society in which the means of production were owned by the workers. Lenin ended private ownership of land and gave land to peasants.
What grivances against the czar are expressed in this proclamation?
-The czar's gov't brought starvation and ruin to the country
List 3 immediate causes of the 1917 revolution in Russia.
-disasters on WWI battlefields, food shortages, and fuel shortages.
What goals does the proclamation support?
-The proclamtion urges the complete destruction of the old gov't and its replacement with popular gov't
According to the proclamation, how should people reach this goal?
-People should organize commities to administer local affairs
On November 8, 1917, Lenin announced that all local power would be transferred to workers' and peasants' concils. What were they called?
The bolshevik revolution led to?
-Civil War in Russia
All of the following are true of Russia during WWI except:
-Russian weaponry was superior to the Allies weaponry.
What happened during Russia's Novemer revolution?
-Bolsheviks took over the gov't
After WWi ended __ swept through Europe making recovery from the war and even greater challenge.
Russian czar who abdicated in 1917
After the war, Ottoman lands were divided into ___.
Communist leader who competed with Stalin for power.
A wealthy peasant
Stalin brought all economic activity under the control of
Collectivization resluted in
-increased control for Stalin
Stalin's 5 year plan included
-a command economy
Why did Czarina Alexandra look to Gregory Rasputin?
-Rasputin was a self-proclaimed healer and she wanted to seek help for her son that suffered from hemophilia.
How did communism during the age of totalitarian control affect religion?
-Atheism became the official state policy.
A form of government in which a one-party dictatorship tries to regulate every aspect of the lives of its citizens
In the totalitarian state of the Soviets, the elite class was made up of
-Communist party members.
Stalin's totalitarianism was constant, rapid and profound change called, "_______".
Why did Communists discourage religion in the Soviet Union?
-They wanted the government to be the supreme authority.
Soviet Realism was a way of glorifying Soviet life using
Totalitarian state is a form of government in which a __________-party dictatorship tries to regulate every aspect of the lives of its citizens.
Explain the role of a dictator in a totalitarian state.
-The dictator controls every aspect of the lives of citizens.
Explain the conflict between conservatives and radical social groups
-Radical groups wanted to form new social orders, but conservatives warned against communism.
A large farm owned and operated by peasants as a group
Why do you think the Communists discouraged religion in the Soviet Union?
-They wanted the government to have complete control over everything.
Which of the following is one way that life for the average Soviet citizen, under communism, was impacted
-Education was provided by the government.
How do the terms of the Versailles treaty reflect the ideas expressed in this message?
-They were severe and meant to punish Germany.
Explain how the machine gun led to stalemates on the war front
-Soldiers were killed before they could make any enemy ground.
What economic reforms did Stalin introduce that led to the changes shown on this graph?
-His five-year plans included a command economy and set high production goals for heavy industry, including steel and coal, which began to grow
All of the following leaders were part of the "Big Three" EXCEPT