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Explain why France was butter towards Germany more than any other country.

-France was bitter due to the Franco-Prussian wars and multiple invasions Germany had conducted in the country.

Explain the effect of militarism in the late 1800s in Europe.

-Nations made political and military alliances

Describe how aggressive nationalism pushed France and Germany to the brink of war in the early 1900s

-France yearned for revenge against Germany to regain its position as Europe's leading power

When war between Russia and Japan ended Germany hoped Russia would become their ally. Instead Russia became closer to ___.

-France

Explain how the Franco-Prussian war kicked off the alliance system in Europe

-Germany signed the 1st alliance treaties to protect itself against France, which was eager ti avenge its defeat in the Franco-Prussian war.

Germany joined the Triple Alliance to protect itself against ?

-France

Describe what the hague tribunal was.

-It was a court set up by world leaders. It was meant to settle disputes between nations peacefully.

An alliance between France and this country,who borrowed money, was another act toward WWI. Name the country

-Russia

glorification of the military

-militarism

Which of the following was an effect of militarism in Europe in the late 1800s?

-nations made political and military alliances

Nations making political and military alliances was an effect of

-militarism

Britain and France signed an etente and became the

-Allied Forces

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy made up the ___

-Triple Alliance

What role did militarism play in the years before WWI?

-European countries focused on building up their military forces, preparing for war.

What role did Imperialismplay in Europe's push towards war?

-Imperialism led to competition between countries for colonies, increasing tensions

what relations did germany and france hold in the years leading up to WWI?

-France wanted revenge for their loss in the Franco-Prussian wars.

The bitterness between France and germany can be attributed, for the most part to, ___

-nationalism

Archduke who was assassinated while on a visit to Sarajevo

-Francis Ferdinand

What ethnic tensions in Bosnia led to the assassination of Francis Ferdinand and launched WWI?

-The Serbians viewed the Austriand as foreign oppressors

Which of the following statements describes Kaiser William II?

-He was a german leader who supported Austria's war with Serbia

The chain of alliances began when Germany encouraged Austria to go to war with ___

-Serbia

Who was Austria's biggest ally?

-Germany

Explain the ethnic tensions in Bosnia that led to the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand.

-The Serbians viewed Austrians as foreign oppressors.

The 3 main points of the ten-part ultimatum goven to Serbia by Austria included all except__

-the Seizure of Serbian lands by Austria

On August 1, 1914, Germanyt declared war on which country when it refused an ultumatum to demobilize?

-Russia

Germany's "Schlieffen Plan" was to begin the war by traveling through Belgium to attack __.

-France

Britain declared war on Germany after it's army went into which neutral country?

-Belgium

britain was forced to declare war on germany

-because the German army disrupted Belgian neutrality, which Britain promised to protect

German forces were pushed back at the battle of marne by

-Britain and France

In WWI the Ottoman empire joined the

-central powers

Which of the following statements is true regarding the ottoman empire in WWI?

-it joined the Central Powers

What weapon contributed to the stalemate on the western front?

-The machine gun

On the eve of WWI Bosnia was ruled by?

-Austria-Hungary

Explain the role of the ottoman empire in WWI.

-They joined the central powers

Explain how the machine gun led to stalemate on the war front?

-Soldiers were killed before they could reach enemy lines.

A stalemate is best described as

-a situation in which niether side of the conflict gains an advantage

How did the machine gun change the nature of fighting?

-made combat more impersonal by enabling soldiers to kill their enemy from a distance.

German leader who supported Austria's war with Serbia

-Kaiser Whelhelm II

Which of the following weapons contributed most to the stalemate on the Western Front during WWI?

-automatic machine gun

WWI was more destructive than earlier wars because

-modern weapons were more deadly

Which of the following weapons trurned WWI into a global war?

-submarine (U-boat)

Italy declared war on

-Germany and Austria

What were Zeppelins?

-Balloons carrying bombs

What was the outcome of the Battle at Verdun?

-Germany and France lost 500,00 soldiers

The entry of the U.S. into the WWI tipped the scales in favor of ?

-The allies

In waging a TOTAL WAR, a nation channels all of its ____ into the war effort

-resources

What did the treaty of Brest-Litovsk accomplish in the war?

-it ended Russia's envolvement

Which of the following statements about nations dissatisfaction with the treaty of versailles is not true?

-China wanted land in Germany

The Central Powers thought that the armistice was a__?

-cease-fire

Which of the following did not increase the number of deaths after the war?

-genocide

Which of the following terms describes the spread of influenza across europe after the war?

-Pandemic

In 1918 Europe was

-in ruins

Which of the following was a major reason the U.S. exchanged neutrality for war in 1917?

-Germans used their submarines to attack ships carrying American citizens and supplies to the Allies.

"The only lasting peace will be a peace without victory."

-Woodrow Wilson

Which of these was an immediate cause of the 1917 revolution in Russia?

-Disasters on the WWi battlefields; Fuel shortages; food shortages (all of the above)

Lenin envisioned what type of society?

-one without class

Lenin wanted a society in which the land and factories were owned by who?

-the workers

Fearing counter-attakcs and sabotage, the Bolsheviks created what commission?

-CHEKA

Describe Lenin's ideal vision of Russian society under communism and the steps he took to realize that vision.

-Lenin envisioned a classless society in which the means of production were owned by the workers. Lenin ended private ownership of land and gave land to peasants.

What grivances against the czar are expressed in this proclamation?

-The czar's gov't brought starvation and ruin to the country

List 3 immediate causes of the 1917 revolution in Russia.

-disasters on WWI battlefields, food shortages, and fuel shortages.

What goals does the proclamation support?

-The proclamtion urges the complete destruction of the old gov't and its replacement with popular gov't

According to the proclamation, how should people reach this goal?

-People should organize commities to administer local affairs

On November 8, 1917, Lenin announced that all local power would be transferred to workers' and peasants' concils. What were they called?

-Soviets

The bolshevik revolution led to?

-Civil War in Russia

All of the following are true of Russia during WWI except:

-Russian weaponry was superior to the Allies weaponry.

What happened during Russia's Novemer revolution?

-Bolsheviks took over the gov't

After WWi ended __ swept through Europe making recovery from the war and even greater challenge.

-Influenza Pandemic

Russian czar who abdicated in 1917

-Nicholas II

After the war, Ottoman lands were divided into ___.

-mandates

Communist leader who competed with Stalin for power.

-Leon Trotsky

A wealthy peasant

-kulak

Stalin brought all economic activity under the control of

-Gov'ts power

Collectivization resluted in

-increased control for Stalin

Stalin's 5 year plan included

-a command economy

Why did Czarina Alexandra look to Gregory Rasputin?

-Rasputin was a self-proclaimed healer and she wanted to seek help for her son that suffered from hemophilia.

How did communism during the age of totalitarian control affect religion?

-Atheism became the official state policy.

A form of government in which a one-party dictatorship tries to regulate every aspect of the lives of its citizens

-totalitarian state

In the totalitarian state of the Soviets, the elite class was made up of

-Communist party members.

Stalin's totalitarianism was constant, rapid and profound change called, "_______".

-permanent revolution

Why did Communists discourage religion in the Soviet Union?

-They wanted the government to be the supreme authority.

Soviet Realism was a way of glorifying Soviet life using

-art.

Totalitarian state is a form of government in which a __________-party dictatorship tries to regulate every aspect of the lives of its citizens.

-one

Explain the role of a dictator in a totalitarian state.

-The dictator controls every aspect of the lives of citizens.

Explain the conflict between conservatives and radical social groups

-Radical groups wanted to form new social orders, but conservatives warned against communism.

A large farm owned and operated by peasants as a group

-collective

Why do you think the Communists discouraged religion in the Soviet Union?

-They wanted the government to have complete control over everything.

Which of the following is one way that life for the average Soviet citizen, under communism, was impacted

-Education was provided by the government.

How do the terms of the Versailles treaty reflect the ideas expressed in this message?

-They were severe and meant to punish Germany.

Explain how the machine gun led to stalemates on the war front

-Soldiers were killed before they could make any enemy ground.

What economic reforms did Stalin introduce that led to the changes shown on this graph?

-His five-year plans included a command economy and set high production goals for heavy industry, including steel and coal, which began to grow

All of the following leaders were part of the "Big Three" EXCEPT

-Joseph Stalin

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