cast out of the church
pope gregory VII
a pope who came to power in rome in 1073.
Emperor henry IV
Trouble arose when Gregory disapproved of a bishop chosen by the whole Roman
a long series of wars between christians and muslims in southwest asia.
region where jesus had lived, preached, and died
pope urban II
medieval pope, called on christians to launch the first crusade.
King richard I
King of England from 6 July 1189 to 6 April 1199, known as Richard the Lionheart
leader of the muslim forces
a group of people who dedicate their lives to religion and follow common rules.
francis of assisi
italian saint who encouraged people to be kind to others and founded the franciscan order.
people who belonged to religious orders but lived and worked among the general public
a dominican philospher, and a teacher at the univiersity of paris.
law that governed how the world operated.
document listing rights that the king couldnot ignore
the lawmaking body that governs england today
hundred years' war
a long conflict between england and france
A deadly plague that swept through europe between 1347 and 1351