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Mussolini takes power

In 1922 Mussolini takes power in Italy as a Fascist ruler

Invasion of Manchuria

1931, Japan invades Manchuria providence in China

Invasion of Ethiopia

1935, Italy invaes Ethiopia

Spanish Civil War

1936 - 1939
Nazi's use as a testing ground for their new Air force, Luffwaffe, and war tactic "Blitzkrieg"
Francisco Franko takes power

Panay Incident

December 12th, 1937
USS Panay Sunk near Nanking, Japan
Japanese claim it's an accident
2 US Sailors killed

USA Neutrality Acts

1935, 1936, 1937, 1939
US Public supports Isolationist Movement
Isolationist movement spearheaded by Charles Limburg, "America First" Program

Adolf Hitler

Born 1889 in Austria
Rejected twice from Vienna Art Academy
Soldier in WWII, receives Iron Cross
Leads the Nation Socialist Party to power in Munich, Germany, in 1920
Arrested after attempted Putsh in Munich in November of 1923
Writes "Mien Kampf" in Jail with future Propaganda minister Joseph Goebbles
After Jail, Hitler becomes influencial public speaker
Reichstag Fire, February 27th, 1933. Communists blamed

Night of Long Knives

June 30th, 1934
Head of SR and all SR commanders brutally murdered
Replaced by SS

Retaking the Rein-land

1936, Germany invades the Rein-land near France, faces no oppostion

Invasion of Austria

1938
German Riots in the streets of Austria
Nazi's invade, face no resistance, and takes Austria

Invasion of Sudetenland

1938
Hitler uses speeches to insight an uprising in the Sudetenland
Allies appease Hitler and sign a treaty giving him back Sudetenland

Invasion of Czechoslovacia

March, 1939
Hitler unopposed by the Czechs

Non-Aggression Act

August 23rd, 1939
Secret treaty between Molotov (Russian) and VanRibbentrop (Germany)

Invasion of Poland

September 1st, 1939
Hitler disguises troops as Polish Soldiers, stages a fake attack
Invades Poland
Incites Britain

1940 Invasions by n Nazis

Nazi's invade and conquer Belgium
Nazi's invade and conquer France

Maginot Line

Long string of stationary reinforcements set up along the western front of Germany-France border
Hitler simply takes the long way around and marches his army up and over the line

Operation Dynamo

May 6th to June 4th
City of Dunkirk
Civilians volunteer their boats to aid British Navy
338,000 French and British troops ferried safely from France to Britian

Occupation of Paris begins

June 14th, 1940

Vichy, France

Marshal Petain stes up Nazi puppet-government in Vichy, France, following Nazi occupation
Hitler visits Paris
Finds Rail Road car where WWI was ended with German surrender
Makes France surrender in same Rail Road car

Robin Moor attack

1941
U-Boat sinks USS Robin Moor in south-Atlantic

Operation Barbarossa

June 22nd, 1941
Hitler invades Russia

Yugoslavia

Army General Marshall Tedo keeps Nazi forces occupied for over a month, pushing back Barbarossa timeframe

Sinking of USS Greer

USS Greer sunk by German U-Boat
September 4th, 1941
Roosevelt issues a "Shoot On Sight" to all American vessels in regard to German U-Boats

Atlantic Charter

August 9th to 12th, 1941
1)Renounced Agression
2)Upheld 4 Freedoms
3)Upheld Freedom of the Seas
4)Upheld right of self-determination and an end to colonization
Written by FDR and Churchill
Was the foundation for the United Nation

Japanese Embargo and Japanese join Axis powers

September 26th, 1940, and September 27th, 1940, respectively

Japanese invasion of Indo-China and Mainland China

July 24th, 1941
Indo-China = Vietnam

US Sec. of State and Pearl Harbor

Cordell Hull
is aware of something surrounding Pearl Harbor,
alerts Generals

Japanese delegates to US

Nomuro and Kurusu
unaware of Pearl Harbor plot

November 26th, 1941

Japanese fleet mobilizes to Pearl Harbor
Nomuro and Kurusu refuse US plea to leave indo-China and Mainland China

Attack on Pearl Harbor: December 6th

December 6th:
Official War-Warning sent to PH from Washington
Admiral Husband Kimmel
Commander Walter Short
Prepare for land invasion by lining planes wing-tip to wing-tip
Japanese Spy sketches this formation and sends it to Tokyo earlier
Japanese Admiral Yamamoto; graduate of Harvard

Attack on Pearl Harbor: December 7th

December 7th:
Japanese airforce mistaken for B-17's
Bombs fall at 7:00 AM
Japanese Fleet: 11 destroyers, 2 battleships, 2 heavy cruisers, 6 carriers, 426 planes available, 350 used
US casualties: USS Arizona, 2,403 dead, 68 civilians, 1,100 wounded, 149 planes

Only vote against WWII

Jeanette Rankin

Nazi German declares WAR on USA

December 11th, 1941

Japanese attacks following Pearl Harbor

U.S.A.: Guam, Philippines, Midway on December 9th
Britain: Male Penninsula

US Army + Navy placements

Husband Kimmel --> Chester Nimitz
Walter Short demoted

MacArthur evacuates Philippines

December 27th, 1941
MacArthur evacuates Philippine Capital to Corregidor
March 11th, 1942
FDR instructs him to leave Philippines
MacArthur "I will return"
Walter Wainwright takes over command, suicide mission, get captured by Japanese

Battle of the Bulge Dates

December 16th 1944 - December 25th, 1945

D - Day Dates

July 4 - 6, 1944

D - Day: Meeting in Tehran

First time "Big Three" meet in person
Stalin
FDR
Churchill

Operation Fortitude

General Patton sent with fake fleet to trick Germans into believing invasion would take place in Northern Japan
Patton making public speeches in London, PO's Stalin, but gets attention

D - Day tricks to fool the Germans

Inflatable balloon planes and cardboard tanks used to confuse scouts and allow Germans to believe in a Northern invasion

Cancled D - Day dates and reasons

June 4th and 5th, due to Weather and Tidal charts

Length of D - Day fighting

11 Days

U.S. D - Day casualties

3,283 dead
12,600 wounded
1 million allied troops had landed

Operation Valkyrie

Assassination attempt on Hitler
July 20th, 1944
bomb hidden in Suitcase
Hitler survives, publicly executes those he thought were responsible
Rommel, amazing General and humanitarian, forced to commit suicide

Liberation of Paris

August 19th - 25th, 1944
General Charles DeGaulle wanted French troops in first, and quickly
Commander Leclerc disobeyed Ally command and sent in the 2nd Armored Division early
Rest of the Allies followed

Election of 1944

FDR: 432
Dewey: 99

Bombing of Dresden

February 13 - 15, 1945
100,000 Civilian casualties

Eva Braun

Hitlers Lover and Wife, committed double-suicide with him on April 30th, 1945

Ruhr Valley

Besieged by Allies in 1945
Massive industrial center for the Nazis
Allies capture several hundred Germans

Victory in Europe Day

May 7th, 1945
Harry Truman's Birthday

Yalta Converence

February 4th, 1945
Big 3 meet for last time
Decide Russians will be the first to liberate Berlin
Russian's will assist in war against Japan

Russian Casualty total in WWII

20,000,000
Twenty Million

US Casualty total WWII

418,500

Battle of Leyte Gult

Largest Naval battle in WWII
Philippine Islands of Leyte and Samar
OCtober 23 - 26th, 1945
First use of Japanese Kamikazee

V - J Day

September 2nd, 1945

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