the recurrence of stresses and pauses in poetry
greater force given to one syllable
stresses recurring at fixed intervals
light but definite pause within a line
punctuation at the end of a line
line with no punctuation at the end
the study of metrical structures in poetry
the act of indicating stresses and pauses within a poem
iambic (u/) and anapestic (uu/)
dactylic (/uu) and trochaic (/u)
monometer, dimeter, trimeter, tetrameter, pentameter, hexameter, heptameter, octameter
the poet doens't write in feet, but instead counts accents per line
Closed Form Poetry
poems that follow a pattern
Open Form Poetry
poems that don't follow a pattern
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
A pair of rhymed lines that contain a complete thought
a couplet written in iambic pentameter
pairs of words, phrases, clauses, or sentences side by side in agreement or similarity
Pairs of words, phrases, clauses, or sentences side by side in contrast or opposition
a group of three lines
a type of poetry with tercets linked together by the rhyme scheme: aba, bcb, cdc, ded, efe, etc.
a stanza consisting of four lines (Considered the building block of poetry.)
poet establishes a pattern of certain number of syllables per line
a poem in which the initial letter of each line, read downward spells out a word or words
poetry taken from the words "found"
abba, abba, (cdcdcd), (cdecde), (cdccdc) - or any other combination that doesn't end in a couplet. A poet will state a problem in the octave and solve it in the sestet
Shakespearean / English Sonnet
abab, cdcd, efef, gg - a poet will pursue one idea throughout the three quatrains, then end with a surprise in the couplet
a group of eight lines
A group of six lines
A short poem ending in a witty or ingenious turn of thought to which the rest of the composition is intended to lead up.
5 anapestic lines usually rhyming aabba. these are always humorous and sometimes obscene.
4 lines rhyming aabb. The first line gives the person's name. This is humourous and whimsical and shows the subject from an unusual point of view. Hardly ever abusive or obscene.
Sestina (song of sixes)
In six, six-line stanzas the poet repeats six end words in a prescribed order, then reintroduces the six repeated words (in any order) in a closing envoy of three lines
Has only two rhyme sounds. The first and third lines of the first stanza are rhyming refrains that alternate as the third line in each successive stanza and form a couple are at the close. This is 19 lines long, consisting of 5 tercets and one concluding quatrain.