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Which of the following sleep disorders is most strongly associated with obesity?

SLEEP APNEA

A researcher can tell that a person is looking at an object based on _____ activity.

CORTICAL

You go to bed at your regular time, and as you begin to drift slowly off to sleep, you jump up suddenly as you feel you are falling down the stairs. This is best explained by a _____ sensation.

HYPNAGOGIC

The activation-synthesis theory provides a physiological explanation for:

DREAMING

Your roommate fell asleep about 25 minutes ago. Now, you need to awaken him so that you both can get to a party on time. He is sleeptalking about his girlfriend's cat. When you begin laughing, he wakes up. He was in Stage _____ of sleep.

2

To ensure he gets the most he can out of his cruise vacation, night after night Toby stays up late. He tries to sleep during the day, but his cabin is too noisy and he suffers from REM sleep deprivation. What can Toby expect to happen during his first several nights back home?

REM REBOUND

A person who responds successfully to a hypnotic suggestion that he NOT react to the smell of ammonia held under his nose is likely to be the type of person who:

is frequently engaged in imaginative activities.

In an experiment, hypnotized subjects are told to scratch their ear every time they hear the word "psychology." The results indicate that they do this only if they think the experiment is still under way. These findings most clearly support the theory that hypnosis involves:

ROLE PLAYING

You have a friend with numerous personal problems. He knows you are studying psychology and he has asked your opinion on hypnosis. You tell him that treatment with hypnosis is less likely to help him quit smoking, treat his alcohol problem, or get rid of his warts as it is to reduce his _____.

OBESITY

Researcher Barber believes in the _____ explanation of hypnosis while researcher Hilgard believes in the _____ explanation of hypnosis.

social-influence; divided consciousness

_____ is considered by some people to be no more than a social interaction, during which one person suggests to another person that various feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will occur spontaneously.

HYPNOTISM

A researcher is interested in studying hypnosis, but she only wants to include people with high hypnotic ability. She should choose study participants who have rich _____ lives.

FANTASY

Jane has asthma. She wants to find a way to control her asthma without always relying on her rescue inhaler. She visits a hypnotherapist and within a month is less reliant on her inhaler because of the _____.

POSTHYPNOTIC SUGESSTION

If a successfully hypnotized person places her arm in a bucket of ice, she will likely view the water as cold but not _____.

PAINFUL

The conclusions by Kihlstrom and McConkey about hypnosis are _____ to viewing nature and nurture as working together instead of one having more influence than the other.

SIMILAR

The need for a drug, marked by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued, is known as:

PHYSICAL DEPENDENCE

The perception of vivid geometric images and dreamlike scenes is most likely to be triggered by _____.

LSD

In research examining genes and neurons on addiction, the neurotransmitter _____ appears to be involved.

DOPAMINE

The experience of physical pain following discontinued use of a psychoactive drug best illustrates _____.

WITHDRAWAL

Tara has always been fearless. Her fearlessness can be attributed to the _____ influence on drug vulnerability.

BIOLOGICAL

Dr. Brooks has a client who suffers from substance abuse. In therapy, she suggests that his abusive home environment, limited sense of life purpose, and deficient dopamine reward circuits might account for his abuse. Dr. Brooks is most clearly using a(n) _____ approach to understanding addictive behaviors.

BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL

Drug prevention and treatment programs should emphasize education concerning the long-term cost of drugs as compared to its short-term pleasures, ways to increase _____ and help people find a purpose in life, and training youth in refusal skills.

SELF ESTEEM

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