an empire established by the Mogul conquerors of India that reigned from 1526 to 1857
Indian soldiers in the British army
Why were the Sepoys so angered with the British East India Company?
they thought the new amo-cartritiges were sealed in pig or cow fat
What was the jewel in the British Crown
the British-controlled portions of India in the years 1757-1947
What were the pros and cons of hte Raj for the Indian people
pros...British build railroads, roads, and canals. It was a source for raw materials, such as cotton, tea, indigo, and jute. became the most significant sourcs of raw cotton for British textile factories. CONS..prejudice, The introduction of British manufactured goods, especially textiles, devestated India's pre-existing industry. British closed Indian textile factories to prevent competition with British companies
Indian National Congress
Indian nationalist group formed to work for rights and power for Indians under British rule.
Why did the Muslims form the Muslim League
sought to protect the interest of Indian Muslims in 1906; later became the main forces calling for India independence and a separate nation for Indian Muslims
Ram Mohun roy
an activist who wanted to abaolish several aspects of traditional Indian society, felt that the British were violating the Indian peopl's rights, including the rights of free speech and religion
What caused the opium war
There was an imbalance of trade between China and Britain. British discovered a solution to the trade imbalance-opium .. because there was a great demand for it in China..The addiction was so bad that China government banned the import of it. Foreign merchants continued to smuggle it into China and the war broke out.
Treaty of Nanjing
"unequal treaty" to end Opium War in which China had to accept British terms for peace
What three things did the British win in the Opium war
1)opened five more ports to western trade.2)gave extraterritorialityto the British, meaning that British citizens accused of crimes had the right to be tried in British courts rather than in chinese courts. 3)In the next two decades, china was forced to sign more treaties with Britain, France, the US, and Russia.
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries; during the Qing dynasty China was ruled by the Manchu
a mid-19th century rebellion against the Qing Dynasty in China, led by Hong Xiuquan.
Open Door Policy
written by John Hay; would allow free trade in the Chinese ports under Europoean control. This would allow the US to continue its trade in China
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country.
Sun Yat-Sen- What were his three principles
1) nationalism 2) democracy 3) people's livelihood
Revolution of 1911
An uprising in the industrial center in China led by Sun Yat-sen's followers while he was away. Led to a collapse of the old order.
Chinese general and first president of the Chinese Republic (1912-1916). He stood in the way of the democratic movement led by Sun Yat-sen. (p. 768)
Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 treaty between Japan and the US. Japan agreed to open two ports to American ships
the overthrow of Japan's shogun in 1868 and restoration of power to the emperor
What two wars did Japan win to prove their modernization had worked?
1) Sino-Japanese war 2) Russo-Japanese
Treaty of Saigon
gave the French control of most of the territory in southern Vietnam
the only Southeast Asian country to retain its independence in the 1800s ( called Thailand today)
List 7 reasons for Imperialism
a ship canal in northeastern Egypt linking the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea
Ferdinand de Lesseps
French diplomat who supervised the construction of the Suez Canal (1805-1894)
Who controlled the finished canal?
traveled to the
The man that found David Livingstone after he had been presumably lost in Africa and later took up his work
King Leopold II
King of Belgium (r. 1865-1909). He was active in encouraging the exploration of Central Africa and became the ruler of the Congo Free State (to 1908). (p. 732)
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
What two states did Boers found?
What made the British interested in the two states?
A conflict, lasting from 1899 to 1902, in which the Boers and the British fought for control of territory in South Africa.
How were the British able to win the Boer War?
A people of modern South Africa whom King Shaka united beginning in 1818.
only African nation of Ethiopia to retain its independence by matching European firepower
Which European nation had the most land in Africa?
Cape to Cairo
The idea of a trans-African railroad from South Africa to Egypt to bring British culture to all of Africa
Francisco Pancho Villa
A popular leader during the Mexican Revolution. An outlaw in his youth, when the revolution started, he formed a cavalry army in the north of Mexico and fought for the rights of the landless in collaboration with Emiliano Zapata. (819)
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Led the Mexican fight for independence served as Mexico's president 4 times. Fought the U.S. for Texas; won the battle of Alamo
military dictator in Latin America
a Mexican president (was Indian) who fought for a better life for the poor
Who supported Emperor Maximilian?
What two men led to the resignation of Porfirio Diaz?
president of Mexico in 1917 who approved a new constitution
Cuban poet and journalist who organized a guerilla revolution against Spain in 1895- "Cuba Libre" free Cuba was his battle cry-and sought US support and intervention.
"Remember the Maine"
A ship in a Havana harbor that was blown up
What did the US gain in the Spanish American War?
Puerto Rico, Guam, and agreed to purchase the Philippines for $20 million
allowed the US to intervene in Cuba, to approve foreign treatires, and to lease land at Guantanamo Bay for a naval base
Filipino who was lead both the Phillipine revolution against Spain and then the United States
How did the US managae to get the Panama Canal built?
the revoutuionist got sponserd by the US so they let the US build the canal
Issued by Monroe as a result of Spanish colonies declaring their independence. It was warned Europe to stay out of the Western Hemisphere. It was issued to keep Europe out of the Western Hemisphere.
president theodore roosevelt's 1904 extension of the monroe doctrine, in which he declared that the united states had the right to exercise "police power" throughout the western hemishere.