Classical

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Mozart's Requiem was

finished by one of his pupils.

Haydn was a prolific composer, as demonstrated in part by his 68 string quartets and 104

symphonies.

At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a

repeat sign.

Composers in the classical period took middle-class tastes into account by
flavoring their serious compositions with folk and popular music.
All answers are correct.
writing comic operas that sometimes ridiculed the aristocracy.
writing dance music for public balls.

All answers are correct.

We have a record of Beethoven's struggle with his musical material because of his habit of

carrying musical sketchbooks.

Beethoven's greatest liturgical music is to be found in his

Missa Solemnis.

Beethoven
began to feel the first symptoms of deafness in his twenty-ninth year
All answers are correct.
was a brilliant pianist
was self-educated and had read widely, but was weak in elementary arithmetic

All answers are correct.

Vienna, when Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven were active,
had a population of almost 250,000.
All answers are correct.
was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire.
was the fourth-largest city in Europe.

All answers are correct.

The minuet as a whole may be outlined as

ABA.

In Vienna, Haydn and Mozart

became close friends.

Which of the following instruments were not normally included in the classical orchestra?

Trombones

A pause in the score of a concerto is indicated by a

fermata.

In the exposition of a sonata-form movement

the second theme is in a new key.

Sonata form is used frequently as the form for the ________ movement of a multimovement work.
final fast
first
All answers are correct.
slow

All answers are correct.

Which of the following statements is not true of the music of the classical period?
The standard orchestra comprised of four sections evolved during the classical period.
Classical composers stressed balance and clarity of structure.
The basso continuo was the nucleus of the instrumental ensemble.
Classical melodies are among the most tuneful and easy to remember.

The basso continuo was the nucleus of the instrumental ensemble.

In the classical period, serious composition was flavored by
All answers are correct.
heroic and mythological plots.
folk and popular music.
elaborately ornamented improvisational melodies.

folk and popular music.

The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of

strings, pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani.

Mozart's finest German opera was

The Magic Flute

The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is

fast, slow, dance-related, fast.

The rondo may be schematically outlined as

ABACABA.

The first movement of a classical concerto

has two expositions.

The classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it does not have a ___________ movement.

minuet or scherzo

A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music

is performed by one player per part.

The Third Symphony of Beethoven was originally composed to commemorate the deeds of _________ as the embodiment of heroism and democratic ideals.

Napoleon Bonaparte

The three main sections of a sonata-form movement are often followed by a concluding section known as the

coda.

Which of the following statements is not true?
The opening movement of a classical symphony is almost always slow and in ABA form.
A classical symphony usually consists of four movements that evoke a wide range of emotions through contrasts of tempo and mood.
In most classical symphonies, each movement is a self-contained composition with its own themes.
Beethoven's concluding movement of a symphony tends to be triumphant and heroic in character and sometimes is meant as the climax of the whole symphony.

The opening movement of a classical symphony is almost always slow and in ABA form.

Haydn was fortunate in having a long and fruitful, as well as financially stable, relationship with the noble Hungarian family of

Esterházy.

The last movement of a classical symphony
is always in the tonic key of the symphony.
All answers are correct.
is usually fast, lively, and brilliant, but somewhat lighter in mood than the opening movement.
is most often in sonata or sonata-rondo form.

All answers are correct.

Beethoven's sixteen __________ are generally considered among the greatest music ever composed.

string quartets

ABA form is typical of the minuet or scherzo movement and is also common in the
slow movement.
All answers are correct.
first movement.
finale.

slow movement.

The main theme of the rondo

is usually in the tonic key.

Which of the following elements is usually not changed in varying the theme in theme and variations form?
Harmony
Length
Melody
Rhythm

Length

Which of the following is not part of a sonata form movement?
Exposition
Development
Recapitulation
Rondo

Rondo

The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is

fast, slow, minuet or scherzo, fast.

The _________ movement of Haydn's Surprise Symphony is in theme-and-variations form.

second

Mozart and Beethoven wrote a number of concertos for their favorite solo instrument, the

piano.

Haydn's two popular oratorios are entitled The Seasons and

The Creation.

Symphony may be defined as a(n)
extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics of the classical orchestra.
sonata for orchestra.
musical composition for orchestra, usually in four movements.
All answers are correct.

All answers are correct.

Symphony may be defined as a(n)
extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics of the classical orchestra.
sonata for orchestra.
musical composition for orchestra, usually in four movements.
All answers are correct.

moves more quickly.

Each successive variation in a theme with variations

retains some elements of the theme.

The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in _____ form.

sonata

Which of the following statements is not true?
Cadenzas in a classical concerto were indicated in the score by a fermata, and the soloist was expected to improvise, there being no music in the score at that point.
A classical concerto combines the virtuosity and interpretive abilities of a soloist with the wide range of tone color and dynamics of the orchestra.
A typical sequence of movements in a classical concerto is fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
The first movement of a classical concerto is in sonata form, but has two expositions, one for the orchestra and one for the soloist.

A typical sequence of movements in a classical concerto is fast, slow, dance-related, fast.

Which of the following statements is not true?
Joseph Haydn's contract of employment shows that he was considered a skilled servant, like a gardener or gamekeeper.
Townspeople organized public concerts where, for the price of admission, they could hear the latest symphonies and concertos.
Political and economic power shifted during the classical period from the middle class to the aristocracy and the church.
Comic operas in the classical period treated middle-class subjects, had folklike tunes, and sometimes even ridiculed the aristocracy.

Political and economic power shifted during the classical period from the middle class to the aristocracy and the church.

Which of the following statements is not true of the classical period?
Philosophers and writers in the classical period believed that custom and tradition, rather than reason, were the best guides to human conduct.
By the late eighteenth century, the rococo style had been superseded by the neoclassical style, which attempted to recapture the "noble simplicity and calm grandeur" of ancient Greek and Roman art.
During the early eighteenth century, the heavy, monumental baroque style gave way to the more intimate rococo style, with its light colors, curved lines, and graceful ornaments.
Philosophers and writers in the classical period saw their time as a great turning point in history and called it the "age of enlightenment."

Philosophers and writers in the classical period believed that custom and tradition, rather than reason, were the best guides to human conduct.

The twelve symphonies written for the concert manager J. P. Salomon for performance at his public concerts are also known as the __________ symphonies, for the city in which they were first performed.

London

The form known as minuet and trio is employed as the __________ movement of classical symphonies, string quartets, and other works.

third

The rondo was used

as late as the twentieth century.

Which of the following composers is not considered a master of the classical period?
Ludwig van Beethoven
Joseph Haydn
Wolfgang A. Mozart
Johann Christian Bach

Johann Christian Bach

In the classical period, comic operas sometimes
were in Latin.
were based on the Old Testament.
ridiculed the aristocracy.
All answers are correct.

ridiculed the aristocracy.

Beethoven's late works, composed after he was totally deaf, include
piano sonatas.
string quartets.
the Ninth Symphony.
All answers are correct.

All answers are correct.

Which of the following statements is not true?
In the finale of his Ninth Symphony, Beethoven took the unprecedented step of using a chorus and four solo vocalists.
The finale of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony is based on Schiller's poem about human brotherhood, Ode to Joy.
Like Haydn and many other composers of the classical period, Beethoven was most successful financially when in the service of the aristocracy.
Beethoven opened new realms of musical expression that profoundly influenced composers throughout the nineteenth century.

Like Haydn and many other composers of the classical period, Beethoven was most successful financially when in the service of the aristocracy.

The movement of a sonata-type composition that is often patterned after a dance is the

third.

Which of the following statements is not true?
The basso continuo was gradually abandoned during the classical period.
In the classical period, composers were influenced by folk and popular music.
Composers in the classical period continued to use terraced dynamics in their compositions.
While a late baroque musical composition may convey a single emotion, a classical composition will fluctuate in mood.

Composers in the classical period continued to use terraced dynamics in their compositions.

Mozart was born in

Salzburg, Austria.

Typical in classical music, the string bass part in Mozart's Eine Kleine Nachtmusik

sounds an octave lower than the cello part.

The piano trio is a musical composition for
three pianos.
All answers are correct.
violin, cello, and piano.
violin, piano, and narrator.

violin, cello, and piano.

Public concerts presented by the Concert des Amateurs in Paris in the 1770s were conducted by

The Chevalier de Saint-Georges.

A _____________ is a musical composition that is usually light in mood, and meant for evening entertainment.

serenade

The string quartet
is written for two violins, viola, and cello.
usually consists of four movements.
is the most important form in classical chamber music.
All answers are correct.

All answers are correct.

In the recapitulation of a sonata-form movement

the closing section is in the tonic key.

The most important form of classical chamber music is the

string quartet.

The minuet and trio movement of a classical symphony, string quartet, or other work, is in ____________ form.

ABA

The sonata-rondo
All answers are correct.
combines rondo form with elements of sonata form.
may be outlined as ABA-development section-ABA.
usually has a lively, pleasing, and simple to remember theme.

All answers are correct.

Which of the following is not a characteristic of Haydn's music?
Many works have a folk flavor, due to the use of actual peasant tunes and original melodies in folklike style.
There are few changes in texture and orchestration.
The music is robust and direct, radiating a healthy optimism.
The minuets often romp and stomp rather than bow and curtsy.

There are few changes in texture and orchestration.

The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a(n)

dance at the court of Louis XIV of France.

The slow movement of a classical symphony
is generally not in the tonic key.
is usually in theme and variations form.
tends to be more heroic and triumphant in character.
All answers are correct.

is generally not in the tonic key.

The double bass in the classical orchestra, as in Mozart's Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, usually

doubles the cello part an octave lower.

The prospering middle class in the classical period sought aristocratic luxuries such as
music.
All answers are correct.
theater.
literature.

All answers are correct.

A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer's virtuosity is called

a cadenza.

The minuet is generally the _________ movement of a classical symphony.

third

Mozart's trips to Italy

enabled him to study and master the Italian operatic style.

Which of the following statements is not true?
Mozart's trips to Italy enabled him to study and master the current operatic style.
Between the ages of six and fifteen, Mozart was continually on tour in England and Europe.
Mozart wrote masterpieces in all the musical forms of his time.
In his later years, Mozart was financially well off, widely acclaimed, and sought after by an adoring public.

In his later years, Mozart was financially well off, widely acclaimed, and sought after by an adoring public.

Social mobility during the classical period was

an important factor in the rise of the middle class.

Sonata form should be viewed as

a set of principles that serve to shape and unify contrasts of theme and key.

A typical sequence of movements in a classical concerto is

fast, slow, fast.

The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the

piano.

A concerto is a large-scale work in several movements for

an instrumental soloist and orchestra.

The lyrical slow movement of a symphony is most often the

second.

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the minuet?
Moderate tempo
Triple meter
ABA form
Quick, lively tempo

Quick, lively tempo

Which of the following statements is not true?
A fast movement in sonata form is sometimes preceded by a slow introduction that creates a strong feeling of expectancy.
The term sonata form refers to the form of a single movement, and it should not be confused with the term sonata, which is used for a whole composition made up of several movements.
The second theme returns in the recapitulation of a sonata form movement in an exact repetition of its statement in the exposition.
The coda of a sonata form movement rounds off the movement by repeating themes or developing them further.

The second theme returns in the recapitulation of a sonata form movement in an exact repetition of its statement in the exposition.

Which of the following statements is not true?
The most important form in classical chamber music is the string quartet.
Chamber music is subtle and intimate, intended to please the performer as much as the listener.
Classical chamber music does not need a conductor.
The piano trio is a musical composition for three pianos.

The piano trio is a musical composition for three pianos.

Which of the following statements is not true?
In many of Beethoven's compositions, the third movement is not a minuet but a related form in triple meter called a scherzo.
The minuet movement of a symphony or string quartet is written for listening, not dancing.
The character of the minuet is best described as brisk and lively.
The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it moves more quickly, generating energy, rhythmic drive, and rough humor.

The character of the minuet is best described as brisk and lively.

Which of the following is not true of the symphony?
It is a sonata for orchestra.
It is a musical composition for orchestra, usually in four movements.
It is an extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of the color and dynamics of the classical orchestra.
It is a musical composition for solo instrument and orchestra.

It is a musical composition for solo instrument and orchestra.

The character of the minuet is best described as
brisk and lively.
stately and dignified.
heavy and ponderous.
quiet and relaxed.

stately and dignified.

Mozart composed his Requiem

on commission from a stranger.

The fully developed classical style in music flourished during the period

1770-1820.

Haydn's contract of employment shows that he was considered

a skilled servant.

Unity is achieved in the classical symphony partly by the use of the same

key in three of its four movements.

Beethoven's only opera is entitled

Fidelio.

A common rondo pattern is

ABACA.

Because of its character, the rondo most often serves as a

finale.

A classical concerto is a three-movement work for

instrumental soloist and orchestra.

A piano sonata is a musical composition in two or more movements for

piano.

Mozart's Symphony No. 40
is in G major.
is one of his last three symphonies.
has only three movements.
All answers are correct.

is one of his last three symphonies.

A symphony is a

sonata for orchestra.

Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life

serving a wealthy aristocratic family.

In many of Beethoven's works, there is a _______ movement instead of the minuet.

scherzo

Which of the following statements is not true?
Each variation in a theme and variations form movement is unique and may differ in mood from the theme.
In a theme and variations movement, a basic musical idea is repeated over and over and is changed each time.
The first movement of Haydn's Surprise symphony is in theme and variations form.
The form called theme and variations is widely used in the classical period, either as an independent piece or as one movement of a symphony, sonata, or string quartet.

The first movement of Haydn's Surprise symphony is in theme and variations form.

Classicism, as a stylistic period in western art music, roughly encompassed the years

1750-1820.

Which of the following characteristics is not typical of the music of the classical period?
A classical composition has a wealth of rhythmic patterns.
Classical compositions fluctuate in mood.
Classical music is basically polyphonic.
Classical melodies are tuneful and easy to remember.

Classical music is basically polyphonic.

Which of the following was not one of Haydn's duties while in the service of the Esterházys?
Conducting the orchestra
Composing all the music requested by his patron
Coaching the singers for operatic performances
Teaching music to the choir boys

Teaching music to the choir boys

Sonata form consists of three main sections: exposition, development, and

recapitulation.

Unlike the other movements in the symphony, the _____________ movement is generally not in the tonic key.

second

Which of the following statements is not true?
The rondo as a musical form was not used in musical compositions after the classical period.
Rondo form is often combined with elements of sonata form to produce the sonata-rondo.
A rondo movement features a tuneful main theme which returns several times in alternation with other themes.
A common rondo pattern is ABACABA.

The rondo as a musical form was not used in musical compositions after the classical period.

Along with his symphonies, Haydn's ___________ are considered his most important works.

string quartets

Which of the following is not one of Mozart's three masterpieces of Italian opera?

Orfeo

Classical chamber music is designed

for the intimate setting of a small room.

Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as

AA'A''A'''A''''.

The preclassical period roughly encompassed the years

1730-1770.

Don Giovanni, in Mozart's opera of that name, is

the legendary Spanish lover.

Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and _____ were two of the more important preclassical composers.

Johann Christian Bach

Between the ages of six and fifteen, Mozart

was continually on tour in England and Europe.

Another common rondo pattern is

ABACABA.

The return of the main theme in rondo form is all the more welcome because it is usually

in the tonic key.

A feeling of harmonic tension and forward motion is created in the exposition of a sonata form movement by

the conflict of tonalities between the first and second themes.

Short musical ideas or fragments of themes that are developed within a composition are called

motives.

The symphonic movement usually lacking in the concerto is the

minuet or scherzo.

The classical string quartet is a musical composition for
violin, guitar, viola, and cello.
All answers are correct.
two violins, viola, and cello.
violin, viola, cello, and bass.

two violins, viola, and cello.

A modulation from the home key to a new key in the exposition of a sonata form movement takes place in the

bridge.

Political and economic power shifted to the middle class from the aristocracy and the

church.

Haydn's contract of employment shows that he was considered

a skilled servant.

A transitional passage that leads to a contrasting section is called a

bridge.

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