APUSH Chapter 37

34 terms by shilton

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Harry S. Truman

Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb

Richard Nixon

Vice President under Eisenhower and 37th President of the United States

Dwight Eisenhower

United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany

George C. Marshall

United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959)

Joseph R. McCarthy

United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957)

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Arrested in the Summer of 1950 and executed in 1953, they were convicted of conspiring to commit espionage by passing plans for the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.

Thomas E. Dewey

Republican presidential nominee in 1944 who failed in his effort to deny FDR a fourth term

GI Bill

law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations

American Population shift

brought more people to the East to work in factories and manufacturers

migration

a group of people migrating together (especially in some given time period)

Baby Boom

the larger than expected generation in United States born shortly after World War II

African American Migration

migration of African americans during the 20th century from the rural south to the industrialized north.

Conference at Yalta

Roosevelt sought Soviet military help against Japan; Stalin offers military help for the possession of Sakhalin & Kurlie Islands & 2 warm-water ports and railroad rights in Manchuria; Churchil and Stalin accept Roosevelt's plan for a United Nations organization to avoid issues dividing them

United Nations

an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security

Israel

Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean

Nuremberg Trials

Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime

Occupation Zones

areas in losing nations where winning nations keep troops after the war

Satellite states

Eastern European states under the control of the Soviet Union during the Cold War

East/West Germany

split by the Iron Curtain, sensoring what people see and don't see.

Truman Doctrine

President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology

Marshall Plan

a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)

Arab Oil Countries

dwindling oil reserves crucial to the European Recovery Program and the health of the US economy

National Security Council

a committee in the executive branch of government that advises the president on foreign and military and national security

CIA

an independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest

Selective Service System

an independent federal agency that administers compulsory military service

NATO

an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security

Reconstruction of Japan

Japan recognized that they needed to have good behavior and adopt democracy before the end of US occupation. They did these things and the US was out quick.

McCarthyism

unscrupulously accusing people of disloyalty (as by saying they were Communists)

Election of 1948

Truman defeats Dewey in a stunning upset--Henry Wallace leads new Progressive party--Dewey Republicans

Fair Deal

A deal that created projects to create jobs, build public housing, and end racial discrimination. South Democrats and Republicans worked together to stop his projects.

Korea (38th Parallel)

The front of war during 1950 in the Korean war. Divides North and South Korea.

Blame for the Cold War

Two people were blamed for the Cold War : President Truman, and Dean Acheson

Taft-Hartley Act

a United States federal law that monitors the activities and power of labor unions. Labor leaders called it the "slave-labor bill"

iron curtain

an impenetrable barrier to communication or information especially as imposed by rigid censorship and secrecy

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