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Chapter Two: Body Organization, A Living Language 5th Edition, Pearson

Levels of organization of the body in order from smallest to largest

Cells, Tissues, Organs, Systems, Body

No matter it's shape, all cells have a __ and __

Cell Membrane, Cytoplasm, Nucleus

Study of Tissue

Histology

This tissue lines internal organs and serves as a covering for the skin

Epithelial

Body standinig erect with arms at sides and palms facing forward

Anatomical

Quadrant that contains the appendix

Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)

The two dorsal cavities are:

Cranial and Spinal cavity

Number of anatomical divisions in the abdominal cavity

Nine - 9

Right lower lateral abdominal near the groin is what region

Right iliac

In the thoracic cavity the lungs are found in the __ cavity and the heart is found in the __ cavity

Pleural (lungs) and Pericardial (heart)

Frontal/back plane of the body

anterior and posterior

Sagittal plane divides the body into

right and left

Transverse plane divides the body into

upper and lower

Prefix & definition of Epigastric

epi - above

Pefix & definition of Pericardium

peri - around or about

Prefix & definition of Hypochondriac

hypo - under or below

Prefix & definition of Retroperitoneal

retro - behind or backward

Distal

further away from point of attachment to the body

Prone

lying face down

Lateral

to the side

Inferior

caudal

Deep

away from the surface

Apex

tip or summit of an organ

Base

bottom or lower part of an organ

Posterior

dorsal

Superficial

toward the surface

Supine

lying face up

Anterior or Front

ventral

Medial

middle

Proximal

closer to the point of attachment to the body

Superior

cephalic

Muculoskeletal abbreviation

MS

Lateral abbreviation

lat

Right Upper Quadrant abbreviation

RUQ

Cardiovascular abbreviation

CV

gastrointestinal abbreviation

GI

Anteroposterior abbreviation

AP

Obstetrics abbreviation

OB

Left Lower Quadrant abbreviation

LLQ

Pertaining to Spinal Cord Side

Dorsal

Pertaining to the Chest

Thoracic

Pertaining to Above

Superior

Pertaining to the Tail

Caudal

Pertaining to Internal Organs

Visceral

Pertaining to the Side

Lateral

Pertaining to Away From

Distal

Pertaining to Nerves

Neural

Study of the Lungs

Pulmonology

Pertaining to the Muscles

Muscular

Pertaining to the Belly Side

Ventral

Pertaining to the Front

Anterior

Pertaining to the Head

Cephalic

Pertaining to the Middle

Medial

Define combining form of Viscer/o

internal organ

Define combining form of Poster/o

back

Define combining form of Abdomin/o

abdomen

Define combining form of Thorac/o

chest

Define combining form of Medi/o

middle

Define combining form of Ventr/o

belly

Define combining form of Anter/o

front

Define combining form of Hist/o

tissues

Define combining form of Epitheli/o

epithelium

Define combining form of Crani/o

skull

Define combining form of Cyt/o

cell

Define combining form of Proxim/o

near to

Define combining form of Cephal/o

head

Name of the skin system:

integumentary

The name of the system and function of: Heart

cardiovascular

The name of the system and function of: Stomach

digestive

The name of the system and function of: Uterus

female reproductive

The name of the system and function of: Bones

musculoskeletal (skeletal)

The name of the system and function of: Lungs

respiratory

Identify the name of the system and the function of: Kidney

urinary

Identify the name of the system and the function of: Testes

male reproductive

Identify the name of the system and the function of: Brain

nervous

Identify the name of the system and the function of: Muscles

musculoskeletal (muscular)

Body region of the Head

Cephalic

Body region of the Genitals

Pubic

Body region of the Leg

Crural

Body region of the Buttocks

Gluteal

Body region of the Neck

Cervical

Body region of the Arm

Brachial

Body region of the Back

Dorsum

Body region of the Chest

Thoracic

Body cavity of the Gallbladder

right upper quadrant

Body cavity of the Appendix

right lower quadrant

Body cavity of the urinary Bladder

midline structure

Body cavity of the Small Intestines

All

Body cavity of the Right Kidney

right upper quadrant

Body cavity of the Left Overy

left lower quadrant

Body cavity of the Stomach

left upper quadrant

Body cavity of the Colon

All

Body cavity of the Right Ureter

right lower quadrant

Body cavity of the Pancreas (majority)

left upper quadrant

Experience difficulty hearing soft voices, you would consult with

otorhinolaryngology

Experience pounding/racing heartbeat, you would consult with

cardiology

Experience excessive bleeding from the uterus, you would consult with

gynecology

Experience a fractured wrist, you would consult with

orthopedics

Experience eye pain, you would consult with

opthalmology

Experience frequent female bladder infections, you would consult with

urology

Experience a persistant skin rash, you would consult with

dermatology

Experience a stomach ulcer, you would consult with

gastroenterology

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