← American Government-Chapter 15 Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All executive order The president directs an agency to carry out policies/existing laws (informal power) civil service Has diminished the number of people appointed by the President. Cabinet members The President can remove these people from office. executive privilege The right of the president to withhold info from Congress/ refuse to testify; limited by U.S. v. Nixon executive powers One of these is the President's power to appoint and remove federal officials. judicial powers One of these is the President's power to grant pardons. increases presidential power The effect of having the line-item veto power. Ratification of a Treaty Requires a 2/3 vote of the Senate. Overiding a pocket veto It can be done because a bill cannot be carried over from one Congress to the next. Persons who have been impeached Cannot be pardoned by the President. impoundment The President's refusal to spend money Congress has voted to fund a program executive agreement A formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that does not require Senate approval. Military Powers of the President oversee the training of the state militia, may call out the state militias, may fire top military leaders. War Powers Act In case of nat'l emergency, the Pres. may send out troops w/o consulting Congress. Congress may require the Pres. to withdraw Am. troops at any time by passing a concurrent resolution. American troops may not remain abroad for longer than 60 days w/o Congressional approval. Criticism of the War Powers Act does not include Stating that Congress is stripped of the power to command the nation's armed forces. Negative President According to James Barber, this is someone who serves out of civic duty or in order to prove himself. Active President According to James Barber, this is someone who puts in long hours of work and shows strong leadership. Presidential Approval Ratings They tend to decline with each year he holds office. Ambassadors The highest ranking diplomats. US Grant Not rated as one of the best Presidents in our nation's history.