history max new terms.

Created by Pjohnson50 

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some stuff for tuesday quiz.

Latins

An ancient people living in the region of Latium, Italy, who believed that they descended from Latinus, the father-in-law of Aeneas. possibly first settlers of the area of rome.

Etruscan

these are the sort of "ancestors" of the romans. the romans didn't really like the etruscans, but they learned a lot from the them. The Etruscan people taught them an alphabet, how to drain swamps, how to build roads, how to build arches, and how to build aqueducts. they are related to latins because they pretty much are latins, and they spoke the same language.

plebe

Plebes would farm the fields in the government run by patricians. They also formed the backbone of the tiny army. They threatened to leave and form a rival city state, so the patricians allowed them to choose their own officials.

patrician

while the plebes were poor, the patricians were rich. they were both parts of the sort of "caste system" the romans had going.

tribune

In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.

senator

a governing person of ancient Rome. the senator was the rich person's tribune. sort of.

cincinnatus

a model dictator for the Romans. He organized an army, led the Romans to victory, attended victory celebrations, and returned to his farmland all within 16 days.he was the dude that turned down the dictatorship, he was the model for george washington and the like.

spartacus

not what it sounds like. he was NOT a spartan, but a slave, trained as a gladiator, who led a rebellion against the roman army for slave freedom- he was killed after two years

Hannibal

general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War. he lost. then died.

scipio

Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)he wound up gaining power and becoming corrupt, then got kicked out. he threw a hissy fit.

cursus honorum

the path of honor, to move up a level in the political sense. path of command.

patronage

(politics) granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support. this leads to cursus honorum.

julius caesar

we all know who this is.

Augustus caesar

we all know who this is too.

republic

this is what the U.S. has. a democracy with elected leaders.

empire

a lot of countries, united under one person. this was what rome had for the second half of it's existance.

citizen

a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community

subject

being under the power or sovereignty of another or others

judalism

Believe that Moses is the greatest prophet and deny the divinity of Jesus. Israelites made this

christanity

okay we all know what this is.

zealots

Jews that rose up in armed rebellion against Rome in 66ce; unsuccessful, and Jewish Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed

essenes

sect of Jews of Judea who were uncompromising in their piety and their disgust with what they considered a corrupted priesthood; library is known as the Dead Sea Scrolls

jesus

okay, why is this even on here? WHO DOESN'T KNOW WHO THIS GUY IS???

paul

A.D. 11-67 Follower of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world. said he had met jesus, but apparently never did.

nero

Roman Emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury (was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of Rome in 64) but the Empire remained prosperous during his rule (37-68) "played his fiddle while rome burned".

Constantine

Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)

roman catholic

the Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy

eastern orthodox

derived from the Byzantine Church and adhering to Byzantine rites

rome

okay, if you don't know what rome is by now you are SERIOUSLY screwed. it's also the biggest city in itally. also the capital.

Constantinople

Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Chu. i think Constantine also named a city after his horse. i don't know this though.

huns

a member of a nomadic people who invaded Europe in the 4th century. i'm pretty sure they were Chinese.

vandals

a member of the Germanic people who overran Gaul and Spain and North Africa and sacked Rome in 455

zama

the battle in 202 BC in which Scipio decisively defeated Hannibal at the end of the second Punic War

adrianople

Thracian town that was rebuilt and renamed by the Roman emperor Hadrian

Hadrian

Roman Emperor who was the adoptive son of Trajan. built a wall in that one British place.

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