← (p. 296) Declaring Independence Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Philadelphia, Pennsylvania City in southeastern Pennsylvania, was the capital of the United States from 1790 to 1800. John Adams 1735-1826 Patriot leader during the American Revolution and second President of the United States. George Washington 1732-1799 First President of the United States, 1789-1797. Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution and President of the Constitutional Convention. John Hancock 1737-1793 Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Paine 1737-1809 Patriot and writer whose pamphlet Common Sense, published in 1776, convinced many Americans that it was time to declare independence from Britain. Richard Henry Lee 1732-1794 Member of the Second Continental Congress who urged Congress to support independence; signer of the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson 1743-1826 Third President of the United States, 1801-1809. Member of the Continental Congress and main writer of the Declaration of Independence Second Continental Congress Congress of American leaders which first met in 1775, declared independence in 1776, and helped lead the United States during the Revolution. Continental Army Army formed in 1775 by the Second Continental Congress and led by General George Washington. Olive Branch Petition Letter sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George III in 1775 in an attempt to avoid war. Declaration of Independence Document declaring the 13 American colonies independent of Great Britain, written mainly by Thomas Jefferson and adopted on July 4, 1776, by the Second Continental Congress. traitor Person who works against his or her country.