Government Mult. Choice Chapter 13

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Which article of the Constitution establishes the presidency?

Article III

Which of the following is not an expressed power of the president?

declaring war

Which of the following war powers does the Constitution not assign to the president?

the power to declare war

The War Powers Resolution of 1973 was an act passed by Congress that...

stipulated military forces must be withdrawn within sixty days in the absence of a specific congressional authorization for their continued deployment

Which of the following does not require the advice and consent of the Senate?

an executive agreement

What did the Supreme Court rule in U.S. v. Nixon?

Nixon had to turn his secret White House tapes over to congressional investigators but, in general, presidents have the power of executive privilege

What are the requirements for overriding a presidential veto?

two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress

When the president issues a rule or regulation that reorganizes or otherwise directs the affairs of the executive branch, such as the directives that established the Executive Office of the President and the Environmental Protection Agency, it is called...

an executive order

Which of the following statements about vice presidents is not true?

Twelve vice presidents have had to replace presidents who died in office during American history

The Office of Management and Budget is part of...

the Executive Office of the President

How many people work for agencies within the Executive Office of the President?

1,500 to 2,000

What are the three ways that presidents can expand their power?

strengthening national partisan institutions, using popular appeals, and bolstering their control of executive agencies

The Supreme Court case Youngstown v. Sawyer was significant because...

it showed that the courts would invalidate executive orders that have no statutory or constitutional basis

When the president makes an announcement about his interpretation of a congressional enactment that is is signing into law, it is called...

legislative initiative

Which of the following best describes the presidential and congressional power since the New Deal?

The power of the president over the federal budget and national defense has grown while the power of Congress over these areas have declined

If a president wished to make foreign policy without having to get the two-thirds vote in the Senate needed to ratify a treaty, he or she most likely would...

make an executive agreement with the head of a foreign nation.

The ____________ was established by law in 1947 and is composed of the president; the vice president; the secretaries of state, defense, and the treasury; the attorney general; and other officials invited by the president.

National Security Council

The presidential power to make rules and procedures for the executive branch, which have the effect and formal status of legislation, is called...

executive order.

Some presidents have attached __________ to bills they are approving; these attachments may include instructions for enforcement and the president's interpretation of the legislation.

signing statements

Generally speaking, popular support for a president...

declines over time.

If a president claims that his or her election victory amounts to an order from the American people to enact new environmental policy, he or she is claiming...

a mandate.

The first president to effectively use public appeals such as "fireside chats" and speaking tours was...

Franklin Roosevelt

A ____________ veto can occur when the president is presented a bill during the last ten days of a legislative session and ____________ be overridden by a two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress.

pocket; cannot

The Cabinet, consisting of heads of all major federal government departments,...

is created by law and must be bipartisan.

What did the framers mean to accomplish by the indirect election of the president?

To make the president responsible to state and national legislatures

The textbook authors argue that, today, every president is strong. What do the authors mean by this?

Modern presidents have more institutional resources than presidents before them.

The most important agency in the Executive Office of the President is the...

Office of Management and Budget.

By the end of 2007, President Bush had issued about____ executive orders.

250

Presidents have used __________ to withhold information on executive branch deliberations from other branches of government.

executive privilege

Which of the following is not one of the powers of the president listed in the Constitution?

Making treaties, carrying out the laws of the United States, & granting pardons

In 1973, Congress passed the War Powers Act, which...

attempted to limit the president's use of troops in military action without congressional approval.

Presidents George Herbert Walker Bush and Bill Clinton negotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Instead of treating that agreement like a treaty, Clinton submitted it for a simple majority vote of Congress. What President Clinton did was...

an executive-congressional agreement.

Presidential high-level political appointments are...

a form of patronage, a presidential management tool, & an institutional resource of presidential power.

The practice of allowing the party's congressional delegates to nominate presidential candidates is known as the...

caucus.

The 2002 Congressional resolution on the use of force against Iraq is notable because...

it gave the president complete discretion to determine whether, when, and how to attack.

According to the authors of the textbook, the vice president serves which role(s)?

To succeed the president in case of death, resignation, or incapacitation, to serve as president of the Senate & to cast a vote in the Senate in case of a tie vote

The national convention is important to the power of the presidency because...

it gives the presidency a popular base that eventually supports increased presidential power.

Which first spouse did not exert significant policy influence while their husbands were in office?

Michelle Obama

Which branch of government has the constitutional power to declare war?

Congress

According to the authors, the decline in popular participation in government and voting has...

increased the power of the president.

The powers of the presidency are outlined in ____________ of the U.S. Constitution.

Article II

In times of crises, presidents have issued executive orders without consulting Congress on the basis of...

inherent powers.

As a tool for achieving political goals, presidents have found party members to be...

unreliable.

The public reaction to presidential actions in foreign policy and international crises is usually...

supportive for a short time.

Historically, first spouses have served what role?

Ceremonial functions

President George W. Bush was widely criticized for his response to which crisis?

Hurricane Katrina

The president's domestic military power includes the power to send federal troops into a state or city...

if the president believes sending troops necessary to respond to an emergency or enforce a judicial order.

When Congress passes sweeping legislation, it often delegates significant power to the executive branch, which gives the president...

a great deal of discretion in the way the law is implemented.

The White House staff is composed mainly of...

analysts and advisors.

According to the U.S. Constitution, the president is selected by...

the electoral college.

President George W. Bush refused to turn over to Congress records of Vice President Cheney's secret energy task force meetings. He did so on the basis of...

executive privilege.

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