Animal Skeletal System

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Functions of the skeletal system

Form, Protection, Storage, Movement, Strength, Support.

Layers of bone

Periostium, Compact, Bone Marrow, Cartilage.

Types of Bones

Long, Short, Flat, Irregular

Types of Joints

Hinge (Knee or Elbow), Gliding (Wrist), Ball and Socket (Hip), Pivotal ( Base of the Skull)

Axial Skeleton

All bones associated with the Skull, Vertebrae, and Ribs.

Pectoral Limb

Front legs and Shoulder

Pelvic Limb

Back leg and Hip

Bone

Hard tissue, mostly calcium, provides support and makes Red Blood Cells.

Cartilage

Shiny White, Hard Tissue found at the end of long bones and prevents from grinding against each other.

Ligament

Strong white bands of tissue that connects two bones together at a joint.

Tendon

Shiny white bands of tissue that connects muscles to bones.

Marrow

Spongy tissue that fills the inside of the bone, Produces red and white blood cells, Produces Platlets. (Jello Like)

Periostium

fibrous sheath that covers bones. It contains blood vessels and nerves that provide nourishment and sensation to the bone.

Compact Bone

Honeycombed, passage for blood vessels and nerves, body tissue for calcium and phosphorus.

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