Exam 1 for Sociology

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35 terms

Sociological Imagination

As defined by C.Wright Mills, which of the following "enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society

social institution

a set of stories embedded within a social network about the standard ways a society meets its needs

Positivism

the idea that we can scientifically and logically study social institutions and the individuals within them

Max Weber

Criticized Marx for focusing exclusively on economics and social class as explanations for human behavior and advocated sociological analyses that allowed for multiple influences

Verstehen

the author of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism argued that sociologists should study social behavior from the perspective of the people engaging in it

interpretive sociology

The study of social meanings that emphasizes subjectivity in understanding human behavior

anomie

According to Suicide, one of the main social forces leading to suicide is a sense of normlessness that results from drastic changes in society, this normlessness was called

University of Chicago

American sociology in the United States began at which of the following universities?

W.E.B. DuBois

Which of the following applied Durkheim's theory of anomie to explain crime rates amongst African Americans after the abolition of slavery in the United States?

sociology

the study of human society

Functionalism

what modern sociological theory grew from Durkheim's and others' ideas that the best way to analyze society was to identify the roles that different aspects or phenomena play in the overall structure of society

conflict theory

in contrast to functionalism, which modern sociological theory borrows from Marx's belief that competition, not consensus, is the essential cause of social change?

shared meaning

what do symbolic interactionists study ?

Microsociology

focuses its analises on face-to-face encounters and interactions

macrosociology

focuses its analyses on larger social dynamics at the societal and structural level

things are not what they seem

according to Peter Berger's article in RFS, The first wisdom of Sociology is?

an intense endless, shameless curiosity about human behavior

according to Berger, the most important characteristic of a good Sociologist is?

troubles; issues

according to C.Wright Mills the term ------ refers to problems unique to an individual while the term ----- reflects problems common enough to indicate social forces negatively impacting certain groups on categories of people

a social fact

Durkheim would say that the need for a college degree in 21st century united states is?

Simmel's "stranger" means

a person near enough that we interact on a fairly regular basis, but who has some characteristics that differentiate the person, making him/her "other".

Quantitative research

the research method that uses statistical analyses to describe the social world is

Correlation, Time order, Ruling out alternative explanations, and *panel study results

All the the following are factors needed to establish causality Except:

independent variables

the measured factors that a sociologist believes have a causal impact on another variable are known as the

a hypothesis

If a sociologist concludes that "as people's education increases, usually so too does their income," this is an example of which of the following research terms?

Reliability

the likelihood that a researcher will obtain the same result using the same measures the next time he or test a hypothesis is

Sample

Charles is a sociologist studying a population of gay fathers in the United States. He interviews 200 men in the data collection. These 200 men comprise what researchers call a

Participant observation

Michelle Duneier's study of homeless men on New York City's Sixth Avenue involved hanging out with his research subjects to collect data. This type of methodology is known as:

Content Analysis

studying media depictions of fun violence in popular films like rambo and scarface. This type of method is called

Cultural Scripts

Gender and engaging in enjoyable premarital sex are examples of learned behavior that are not natural or universal, are known as:

Values; norms

if ____ are abstract cultural beliefs, then ____ are how values are put into play.

cultural relativism

it is important to take into account differences across cultures without making value judgements

material culture

money

centralized

fewer and fewer groups own more and more of the media. the media can be said to be increasingly

Jean Killbournes college lectures and film, Killing Us Softly , examines what issue

sexism in the media

Hegemony

"refers to a historical process in which a dominant group exercises 'moral and intelectual leadership' throughout society by wining the voluntary 'consent' of popular masses" ... going with the flow because it seems right instead of domination which is being forced to do something

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