Medical Terminology Ch 7 Respiratory System

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alveoli

air sacs; very small grapelike clusters at the end of each bronchial

anoxia

the absence of oxygen from the body's tissues or organs despite adequate flow of blood

antitussive

medication administered to prevent or relieve coughing

aphonia

the loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sound

asbestosis

the form of pneumonoconiosis caused by asbestosis particles in lungs

asphyxia

the loss of consciousness that occurs when the body cant get the oxygen it needs to function

asthma

a chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes

atelectasis

incomplete expansion of part or all of the lung

bradypnea

an abnormally slow rate or respiration

bronchodilator

a medication that relaxes and expands the bronchial passages into the lungs

bronchorrhea

an excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi

bronchoscopy

the visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope

bronchospasm

a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut

CHeyne-Stokes respirations

an irregular pattern of breathing characterized by alternating rapid or shallow respiration followed by slow respiration or apnea

croup

an acute respiratory infection in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and swelling around the vocal cords

cyanosis

bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by lack of adequate oxygen

cystic fibrosis

a life threatening genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with mucous

diptheria

an acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract

dysphonia

difficulty in speaking

dyspnea

difficult or labored breathing

pertussis

a contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by recurrent bouts of a paroxysmal cough

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

phlegm

thick mucus secreted by the tissues lining the respiratory passages

pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath

pleurodynia

pain in the pleura or in the side

pneumoconiosis

any fibrosis of the lung tissues caused by dust in the lungs after prolonged environmental or occupational contact

pneumonectomy

the surgical removal of all or part of a lung

pneumonia

a serious infection or inflammation of the lungs in which the alveoli and air passages fill with pus and other liquid

pneumothorax

the accumulation of air in the pleural space resulting in a pressure inbalance that causes the lung to rully or partially collapse

polysomnography

the diagnostic measurement of physiological activity during sleep

pulmonologist

a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the lungs and associated tissues

pulse oximeter

an external monitor that measures the oxygen saturation level in the blood

pyothorax

the presence of pus in the pleural cavity between the layers of pleural membrane

sinusitis

an inflammation of the sinuses

sleep apnea

a potentionally serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops during sleep for long enough periods to cause a measurable decrease in blood oxygen levels

spirometer

a recording device that measures the amount of air inhaled or exhaled and the length of time required for each breath

tachypnea

an abnormally rapid rate or respiration usually of more than 20 breaths

thoracentesis

the surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity.

thoracotomy

a surgical incision into the chest walls to open the pleural cavity for biopsy or treatment

tracheostomy

the surgical creation of a stoma into the trachea in order to insert a tube to facilitate breathing

tracheotomy

an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage

tuberculosis

an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually attacks the lungs

Emphysema

The progress, long-term loss of lung function, usually due to smoking.

Empyema

An accumulation of pus in a body cavity.

Endotracheal Intubation

The passage of a tube through the mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway.

Epistaxis

Bleeding from the nose.

Hemoptysis

Expectoration of blood or bloodstained sputum.

Hemothorax

A collection of blood in the pleural cavity.

Hypercapnia

The abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood.

Hyperpnea

Breathing that is deeper and more rapid than is normal at rest.

Hypopnea

Shallow or slow respiration.

Hypoxemia

A condition of having low oxygen levels in the blood.

Hypoxia

The condition of having deficient oxygen levels in the body tissues and organs; less severe than anoxia.

Laryngectomy

The surgical removal of the larynx.

Laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx,

Laryngoscopy

The visual examination of the larynx and the vocal cords using a laryngoscope.

Laryngospasm

The sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx.

Mediastinum

The middle section of the chest cavity and is located between the lungs.

Nebulizer

An electronic device that pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a mist that is inhaled via a face mask or mouth piece.

Otolaryngologist

Also known as the ENT (ear, nose, throat) is a physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the head neck.

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