Joins 8th 16th 32nd notes etc together
The element of time in music. Measured in beats.
The speed at which the beat is played.
Play one octave higher than written
Play one octave lower than written
Frequency at which a sound vibrates
Grouping of staves
Same pitch but notated differently.
Used to specify an exact register of a note. (C4 C5 C6 etc)
Recurring patterns of strong and weak beats.
Accents created by different meters
An unaccented beat before the first complete measure of a piece.
The same as anacrusis
The same as 2/2 time
The same as 4/4 time
the symbol: > indicates a significant stress
Simple Beat Division
The beat divides into 2 equal smaller parts
The beat divides into 4 equal smaller parts
Accent falls on the weak beats
Hold full value
Indicates the scale degree
Chromatic Half Step
Notes that take the same letter name plus a chromatic alteration. (C to C#)
Diatonic Half Step
A half step between notes of different letter names (D# to E natural)
Equivalent notes with different letter names (A# = B flat).
Hold note longer than its value
Playing only using the diatonic scale
3rd scale degree
A sequence of notes forming a distinctive sound.
1st and 3rd degrees separated by a whole step plus a diatonic half step.
The effect of a scale
A note not in the diatonic scale
Scale degree 2
Scale degree 4
Scale degree 5
Scale degree 6
Scale degree 7
Scale degree 3. Determines if key is major or minor.
0 sharps 0 flats
B Flat Major
E Flat Major
A Flat Major
D Flat Major
G Flat Major
C Flat Major
Pitches occur consecutively
Pitches occur at the same time
The Octave, Unison, 4th and 5th scale degrees
Interval spans 1 octave or less
Interval spans more than 1 octave
Interval Inversion: Seconds become
Interval Inversion: Thirds become
Interval Inversion: Fourths become