Weather and climate

67 terms by arp025

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Test 1 over atmosphere and temperature

Solar radiation reaches the surface of the earth as

Ultra violet, visible, and infrared radiation

Almost all the weather on Earth occurs in the

Troposphere

An efficient absorber of the radiant energy of the Earth is

Carbon Dioxide

Annually, on the basis of latitude alone, this latitude would be expected to experience the warmest temperatures:

Equator

Between December 21 and June 21, the angle of the Sun above the horizon at noon in Huntsville, Texas

increases

Causes day and night

Rotation

Day to day changes in the conditions of the atmosphere

meteorology

Over a 12 month period the Sun would shift across how many degrees of latitude

94

Solar radiation reaches the surface of the Earth as

Ultraviolet, visible, and infrared radiation

The Greenhouse effect causes the surface temperature of the Earth to

Warm

Transfer of heat within gases or liquids is called

convection

You would expect the greatest annual range in temperature to occur

over the interior of the continents

The seasonal shift of isotherms is greater over the continents than over the ocean

True statement

Land cools off faster than water.

True statement

On an annual basis the low latitudes experience the warmest temperatures

True statement

A line connecting locations having the same average temperature is called an

Isotherm

Add the daily means and divide by the number of days in the month

Monthly Mean

Which of the following has the highest albedo

Snow

Which relates to weather rather than climate

Outside it is cloudy and snowing

You are located in the middle latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. Between Christmas and New Years, the length of the daylight is

increasing

Which one of the following is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere

Nitrogen

Water vapor represents what fraction of the air near the surface of the Earth

less than 4%

Which of these was NOT involved with the formation and evolution of our present atmosphere

Stratification

Earth is closest to the Sun during

Northern Hemisphere winter

The lithosphere -- rock layers at and beneath the earth's surface

True Statement

On an annual basis the low latitudes experience the warmest temperatures

True statement

Cloud cover reduces both the daily high and daily low temperatures

False

About 97% of all the ozone in the atmosphere is found in the

stratosphere

All other things being equal, on what day could you get the best suntan in Houston, Texas

June 25

Approximately 99% of the atmosphere of the Earth is composed of

Oxygen and Nitrogen

Between June 21 and March 21 the sun will shift across how many degrees of latitude

70.5

In the northern middle latitudes, we can expect the day with the shortest number of daylight hours to be around

December 21

One would expect the lowest average annual temperature to occur

Over polar regions

Perihelion occurs about January 3rd. Perihelion represents the position of the Earth when it is

Closest to the Sun

Branches of geography

Human and physical

4 spheres of Physical geography

Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere,lithosphere

the envelope of gas that surrounds the planet and is held by the Earth's gravitational attraction

Atmosphere

All the water areas on Earth. Includes oceans, lakes, rivers, groundwater, and glaciers

Hydrosphere

includes all frozen water on Earth

Cryosphere

is the zone of life that includes all of the Earth's plants, animals, and soil.

Biosphere

Upper surface of Earth's crust and all the landforms on Earth. Includes surface of seafloor

Lithosphere

Is a tool used in Geography that involves obtaining information (images) about an area without having physical contact with that area

Remote Sensing

to verify a statistically significant relationship

Statistical Analysis

is the study of the atmosphere and atmospheric processes. Meteorologists study the physics of the atmosphere and focus on short-term weather forecasting

Meteorology

is the study of weather conditions for the longer period. Climatologists focus on average conditions and predict long range changes

Climatology

carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, etc.

Green House gases

Where most weather takes place

Troposphere

Ozone Layer

Stratosphere

(e.g., mechanical, chemical, nuclear, thermal, electrical) - is the ability to do work

Energy

Convection, Conduction, Radiation

3 ways heat is transferred

(i.e., thermal energy) - is the total kinetic energy in an object

Heat energy

is the measure of the average kinetic energy in a substance

Temperature

is the ultimate source of energy that drives our weather

Solar radiation

enters Earth's atmosphere, it is either reflected, scattered, or absorbed

Solar radiation

Solar radiation reaches Earth's surface and the Earth then radiates that energy

Terrestrial Radiation

The day Earth is farthest from the sun is July 4th (94.5 million miles)

Aphelion

The day Earth is closest to the sun is January 3rd (91.5 million miles)

Perihelion

percent of sunlight reflected off of a surface

Albedo

the average maximum and minimum temperature for a day

Daily mean temperature

the difference between the high and low temperature on a given day

Daily range of temperature

average temperature of the month (summing daily mean temp/# days in a month)

Monthly mean temperature

summing the monthly mean temperature and dividing by 12

Annual mean temperature

the difference between the means of the warmest and coldest month

Annual temperature range

A temperature measurement that takes into account the effect of wind speed on the rate of heat loss from the body

Wind Chill

climate warmer than rural climate due to the change in surface cover (roads, buildings, factories, etc.)

Urban heat Island

can obtain a whole range of data
(e.g., satellite; doppler radar; etc.) for accurate forecasting

Multiple work stations

computers control Mega Doppler (can zoom and obtain street level data) and monitor changing conditions

Severe weather desk

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