Chapter 8 160-172

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Who took blame for the depression

Herbert Hoover

Boxes people lived in

shanties

People lived in boxes or roughly made shanties called

Hoovervilles

Old newspapers were called

Hoover blankets

This president said,

"The business of America is business."

He refused to let the government lend money to the needy for fear they would get lazy.

President Herbert Hoover

These people lost everything in the drought

farmers

How did farmers buy land

they borrowed money

When people were unable to make payments on loans they lost their

homes

What did the drought turn a large part America into

a dust bowl

This plant was planted decade after decade but could not hold the topsoil down

wheat

What happend to food prices after the crash

the price of food dropped

How did the drop in food prices affect the farmers

they couldn't make enough to live on and pay their debts, so they lost their farms and homes.

With no crops to sell the farmers were

unable to repay their loans

What did Herbert Hoover and Calvin Coolidge believe

that business would right itself

While many business seemed sound

they were running on credit

When the food prices were low why couldn't more people buy food

because they didn't have enough money

What was Franklin Delano Roosevelt often known as

FDR

What did Franklin Delano Roosevelt promise people

He promised everyone relief from the Depression

The program that involved the government's planning project that paid Americans to do the work is called the

New Deal

Who said, "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself."

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

What disease did Franklin D. Roosevelt suffer from

Polio

What is Polio

a disease that attacks the nervous system causing weakness and paralysis

When did Roosevelt get polio

during his adult years

What did Roosevelt do before he got polio

He had been running for vice president on the Democratic ticket with presidential nominee James Cox.

What state was FDR governor of

New York

Roosevelt gave many radio talks called

"fireside chats"

How many terms did Roosevelt get elected for

four terms of office

What did the New Deal allow to be built

roads, bridges, and dams

Besides the New Deal giving people jobs these projects

improved transportation and helped prevent floods.

What program built many of America's national parks

Civilian Conservation Corps, CCC.

The Civilian Conservation Corps Planned and built many of America's

national parks

FDR had so many new programs, each called by the first letters of its name, that they were known as

"alphabet agencies"

The National Industrial Recovery Administration (NIRA) allowed

businesses to work together to decide how much of a certain product would be made.

Did the National Industrial Recovery Administration (NIRA) allow fair competition

It did not.

The National Labor Relations Board allowed workers to forms groups within companies to bargain with the owners called

unions

What did the unions force companies to do

force them to pay them more or give them safer and cleaner places to work.

What did the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, AAA do

government paid farmers not to produce as much.

The Agricultural Adjustment Administration reduced the amount of food supply this making

the prices of food go up.

The Agricultural Adjustment Administration also allowed the government to

sell extra American products to other countries.

What did the Farm Credit Administration, the FCA do

lent money to farmers at lower rates that banks could.

Farmers began to learn about

conservation

Conservation means

ways of safely and carefully using natural resources such as water and topsoil

What is one problem the New Deal caused for America

the government became more involved in people's private lives.

What was another problem the New Deal caused for the America

the government could not pay for all the programs. It got into a huge debt.

President who felt the government should be more involved in people's lives

President Franklin D. Roosevelt

What became the 'Madness of 1930"

miniature golf

Why was miniature golf popular

people did not have much money and admission to the game was cheap.

Miniature golf was played

on the top of office buildings

What was the game called "the Royal and Ancient Game"

Golf

Who invented miniature golf

James Barber

What is a dictator

leader who had total control of a country

Hitler and Mussolini were

dictators

What country was Adolf Hitler dictator of

Germany

What country was Benito Mussolini dictator of

Italy

Hitler and Mussolini banded together to form an alliance called

the Axis

Hitler was eager to

go to war

Hitler wanted to prove to the world

that Germans were better than any other people

What did the German army take

land from smaller, weaker nations around Germany

France and England hoped that Germany would

be satisfied with a little land.

When the government needed money for the New Deal it

borrowed money

The trillions of dollars owed by the government is called

the national debt.

The national debt

is getting larger.

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