As mass production and factories became larger, working conditions became harsh for many. This led to the creation of __________.
Lawmakers passed laws that children be at least _____________ years old to work outside of the home and work less than 10 hour days.
During times of strikes, companies hire ___________ to replace workers.
Most European immigrants entered the United States through ___________.
Mary Antin a Russian immigrant was most excited about free _____________.
____________ immigrants experienced different treatment than European immigrants.
Lee Chew was upset with ___________ for the ill treatment of the Chinese immigrants.
An icon of American immigration is the __________.
Statue of Liberty
_____________ Americans feared the new customs, languages, and religions that seemed to be flooding the streets of American cities.
The sudden influx of people into major cities of the United States was a result of new ___________.
The farmers supplied the cotton to the textile mills, the wheat for the flour mills and the _____________ for the slaughterhouses.
Farmers turned to the ___________ for a united voice to lobby the government for support.
One of the major advantages of the ___________ was the ability to work together to sell their crops in cooperative exchanges.
The ___________was created with the support of the Farmer's Alliance.
The Panic of 1893 was precipitated by the ___________ of two major railroad companies.
After the Civil War the government tried to deal with rapid inflation by the issuance of large amounts of __________ during the war.
The Wizard of Oz can be used to portray the Election of ____________.
One of the goals of the Populist Movement was fighting city corruption and making the ___________more responsive.
President ____________ called journalists muckrakers who dug up the dirt in order to make people aware of the evils of society.
Robert La Follette changed the way ___________ chose their candidates for elections by introducing the primary system.
Progressive presidents took on ____________ to ensure reform and to protect the people of the United States.
During the Progressive Movement, women organized and called for Congress to extend suffrage to women granting women the right to __________.
In the sharecropping system, the ____________ keeps track of the money the sharecroppers owe for housing, food, and supplies.
Southern communities enacted ____________ that set a legal separation between black and white citizens.
____________ was found guilty of violating the separate railroad car act.
After the Civil War, many African Americans joined the ___________ party.
Many southern communities charged a ___________ tax to register to vote or cast a ballot on election day.
__________ was the first teacher and president of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute.
Booker T. Washington
___________ urged blacks to define themselves through their own actions, while honoring both their African and American heritages.
W.E.B. Du Bois
The Ku Klux Klan dresses in white hoods to represent the ghosts of ___________ soldiers.
__________ music is a non-religious form of African American gospel music.
__________ was the first African American female gold medalist in the 1948 Olympics.
Benjamin Davis Sr. was a commissioned officer of the 9th Cavalry "Buffalo Soldier" unit and the first African American ___________ in the army.
Brown v. the Board of Education overturned the idea of __________.
separate but equal
James Meredith became the first African American to attend the University of ____________.
Dr. King withstood violence to himself and his family in order to help achieve ___________ rights.
____________ was arrested for not giving her seat on the bus to a white man.
Students staged ___________ to protest against stores that practiced segregation.
Many ____________ people resisted the Civil Rights Movement.
Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech was recited in __________.
The ___________ were a militant group who sought to protect the African Americans.
Many African Americans voted for President Franklin D. Roosevelt because of his ____________ policies.
Roosevelt appointed a number of African Americans to important positions into what came to be known as his ____________.
The ____________ Amendment to the U.S. Constitution outlawed any tax as a requirement to vote.
____________ pressed Congress to pass Kennedy's Civil Rights bill.
Lyndon B. Johnson
After "Bloody Sunday", Congress responded quickly to the demands and passed the Voting Rights Act of ___________.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 finally made the ______________ Amendment a reality.
In 1965, only 70 African Americans held public office, but by the early 1980s, the number of black elected officials grew to more than ___________.
The controversy over ___________ action policies continues today.
In 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act which restricted immigration for many ____________ for over 80 years.
Native Americans held 11 hostages at ___________ in South Dakota.
The Supreme Court began protecting women under the equal protection clause of the ___________ Amendment.
In their quest for civil rights, Hispanics used successful protest tactics that were used by ___________ Americans during the Civil Rights Movement.
The Americans with ____________ Act required employers and public buildings to make reasonable accommodations for people with disabilities.
The "don't ask, don't tell" policy was organized by Clinton for use in the _____________.
____________ was an important writer during the Harlem Renaissance.
Zora Neale Hurston
Jazz was born in the ___________.
The _____________ Amendment gave women the right to vote.
After World War I, many writers questioned the changing values and ____________ in America.
Charles Lindberg completed the first non-stop ___________ flight in 1927.
Americans had more leisure time in the 1920s partly because of timesaving inventions and ___________.
shorter work hours
The popularity of sports in the 1920s earned this time period the title __________.
Golden Age of Sports
Nativism led to the unfair persecutions of foreigners, restriction of immigration, the second revival of the Ku Klux Klan, and ____________.
___________ is the belief that native-born Americans were better than the foreigners.
____________ was the teacher who deliberately broke the law and taught his students the theory of evolution.
Some Americans' response to Prohibition, like Al Capone, were ___________ activities.
The ____________ Amendment repealed the 18th Amendment on Prohibition.
The Red Scare began in America after the ___________ revolution seized power of the Russian government.
President Warren G. Harding's administration was full of corruption which involved ____________, embezzlement, and mismanaged property.
President Calvin Coolidge believed that ___________ was vital for America's economy.
Stockbrokers encouraged buying ____________ to increase the activity and value of the stocks.
New industries such as ___________ , radios, and household products as well as using credit to purchase these products, changed the way Americans received and used information.
The more newly-invented consumer goods were made, the more Americans bought them on ____________.
Coal, textiles, and agriculture industries suffered due to _____________ in the 1920s.
President Herbert Hoover was _____________ about the country's future prosperity after his election.
Black _____________ was the day in 1929 in which millions of stocks were sold for a record of billions of dollars.
Although industrial production rose, workers' ____________ did not match the inflation.
As a result of the Hawley-Smoot Act, foreign countries raised their own ___________.
Failure to raise ____________ during the 1920s boom caused many Americans to spend more money that they did not own, which inflated the market growth.
Many banks were forced out of business due to the ___________ after the stock market crash.
Unemployment forced many Americans out of their homes and into ___________.
The results of the ____________ included unproductive land, buried crops, destroyed livestock, and foreclosures on the farms.
People escaped the hardships of the depression through movies and ___________.
President Hoover provided financial assistance to banks, railroads, agricultural institutions, and ____________.
Veterans and ___________ were two of the many groups of people who protested the government's policies during the depression.
Franklin D. Roosevelt won the presidential election of ____________ because citizens did not think Hoover would save them from the depression.
President Roosevelt's Hundred Days passed legislation that was focused on relief, ____________, and recovery.
The ____________ insured people's deposits up to a certain amount in case the bank were to go out of business, which increased the trust in banks.
The ____________ employed thousands of people once it was approved by the Emergency Work Relief Appropriations Act.
President Roosevelt connected with Americans by using his ____________ on the radio.
Roosevelt's court-packing plan was designed to seat more justices on the court that would not rule his New Deal programs _____________.
The national economy fell into a ____________ when President Roosevelt tried to balance the budget in 1937.
The economy's problems during the 1930s were finally fixed by ____________.
World War II