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Study Cards for the FLVS Conspiracy Code American History Course - Segment 1, Part 2

As mass production and factories became larger, working conditions became harsh for many. This led to the creation of __________.

labor unions

Lawmakers passed laws that children be at least _____________ years old to work outside of the home and work less than 10 hour days.

twelve

During times of strikes, companies hire ___________ to replace workers.

strikebreakers

Most European immigrants entered the United States through ___________.

Ellis Island

Mary Antin a Russian immigrant was most excited about free _____________.

education

____________ immigrants experienced different treatment than European immigrants.

Asian

Lee Chew was upset with ___________ for the ill treatment of the Chinese immigrants.

Americans

An icon of American immigration is the __________.

Statue of Liberty

_____________ Americans feared the new customs, languages, and religions that seemed to be flooding the streets of American cities.

Native-born

The sudden influx of people into major cities of the United States was a result of new ___________.

technologies

The farmers supplied the cotton to the textile mills, the wheat for the flour mills and the _____________ for the slaughterhouses.

hogs

Farmers turned to the ___________ for a united voice to lobby the government for support.

Grange

One of the major advantages of the ___________ was the ability to work together to sell their crops in cooperative exchanges.

Famer's Alliance

The ___________was created with the support of the Farmer's Alliance.

Populist Movement

The Panic of 1893 was precipitated by the ___________ of two major railroad companies.

bankruptcy

After the Civil War the government tried to deal with rapid inflation by the issuance of large amounts of __________ during the war.

currency

The Wizard of Oz can be used to portray the Election of ____________.

1896

One of the goals of the Populist Movement was fighting city corruption and making the ___________more responsive.

government

President ____________ called journalists muckrakers who dug up the dirt in order to make people aware of the evils of society.

Theodore Roosevelt

Robert La Follette changed the way ___________ chose their candidates for elections by introducing the primary system.

Wisconsin

Progressive presidents took on ____________ to ensure reform and to protect the people of the United States.

big businesses

During the Progressive Movement, women organized and called for Congress to extend suffrage to women granting women the right to __________.

vote

In the sharecropping system, the ____________ keeps track of the money the sharecroppers owe for housing, food, and supplies.

landlord

Southern communities enacted ____________ that set a legal separation between black and white citizens.

Jim Crow

____________ was found guilty of violating the separate railroad car act.

Homer Plessy

After the Civil War, many African Americans joined the ___________ party.

Republican

Many southern communities charged a ___________ tax to register to vote or cast a ballot on election day.

poll

__________ was the first teacher and president of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute.

Booker T. Washington

___________ urged blacks to define themselves through their own actions, while honoring both their African and American heritages.

W.E.B. Du Bois

The Ku Klux Klan dresses in white hoods to represent the ghosts of ___________ soldiers.

Confederate

__________ music is a non-religious form of African American gospel music.

Soul

__________ was the first African American female gold medalist in the 1948 Olympics.

Alice Coachman

Benjamin Davis Sr. was a commissioned officer of the 9th Cavalry "Buffalo Soldier" unit and the first African American ___________ in the army.

general

Brown v. the Board of Education overturned the idea of __________.

separate but equal

James Meredith became the first African American to attend the University of ____________.

Mississippi

Dr. King withstood violence to himself and his family in order to help achieve ___________ rights.

Equal

____________ was arrested for not giving her seat on the bus to a white man.

Rosa Parks

Students staged ___________ to protest against stores that practiced segregation.

sit-ins

Many ____________ people resisted the Civil Rights Movement.

white

Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech was recited in __________.

Washington, D.C.

The ___________ were a militant group who sought to protect the African Americans.

Black Panthers

Many African Americans voted for President Franklin D. Roosevelt because of his ____________ policies.

New Deal

Roosevelt appointed a number of African Americans to important positions into what came to be known as his ____________.

Black Cabinet

The ____________ Amendment to the U.S. Constitution outlawed any tax as a requirement to vote.

24th

____________ pressed Congress to pass Kennedy's Civil Rights bill.

Lyndon B. Johnson

After "Bloody Sunday", Congress responded quickly to the demands and passed the Voting Rights Act of ___________.

1965

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 finally made the ______________ Amendment a reality.

15th

In 1965, only 70 African Americans held public office, but by the early 1980s, the number of black elected officials grew to more than ___________.

2500

The controversy over ___________ action policies continues today.

affirmative

In 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act which restricted immigration for many ____________ for over 80 years.

Asians

Native Americans held 11 hostages at ___________ in South Dakota.

Wounded Knee

The Supreme Court began protecting women under the equal protection clause of the ___________ Amendment.

14th

In their quest for civil rights, Hispanics used successful protest tactics that were used by ___________ Americans during the Civil Rights Movement.

African

The Americans with ____________ Act required employers and public buildings to make reasonable accommodations for people with disabilities.

Disabilities

The "don't ask, don't tell" policy was organized by Clinton for use in the _____________.

military

____________ was an important writer during the Harlem Renaissance.

Zora Neale Hurston

Jazz was born in the ___________.

the South

The _____________ Amendment gave women the right to vote.

19th

After World War I, many writers questioned the changing values and ____________ in America.

culture

Charles Lindberg completed the first non-stop ___________ flight in 1927.

Trans-Atlantic

Americans had more leisure time in the 1920s partly because of timesaving inventions and ___________.

shorter work hours

The popularity of sports in the 1920s earned this time period the title __________.

Golden Age of Sports

Nativism led to the unfair persecutions of foreigners, restriction of immigration, the second revival of the Ku Klux Klan, and ____________.

fear

___________ is the belief that native-born Americans were better than the foreigners.

Nativism

____________ was the teacher who deliberately broke the law and taught his students the theory of evolution.

John Scopes

Some Americans' response to Prohibition, like Al Capone, were ___________ activities.

illegal

The ____________ Amendment repealed the 18th Amendment on Prohibition.

21st

The Red Scare began in America after the ___________ revolution seized power of the Russian government.

communist

President Warren G. Harding's administration was full of corruption which involved ____________, embezzlement, and mismanaged property.

bribery

President Calvin Coolidge believed that ___________ was vital for America's economy.

business expansion

Stockbrokers encouraged buying ____________ to increase the activity and value of the stocks.

on margin

New industries such as ___________ , radios, and household products as well as using credit to purchase these products, changed the way Americans received and used information.

cars

The more newly-invented consumer goods were made, the more Americans bought them on ____________.

on credit

Coal, textiles, and agriculture industries suffered due to _____________ in the 1920s.

competition

President Herbert Hoover was _____________ about the country's future prosperity after his election.

optimistic

Black _____________ was the day in 1929 in which millions of stocks were sold for a record of billions of dollars.

Tuesday

Although industrial production rose, workers' ____________ did not match the inflation.

wages

As a result of the Hawley-Smoot Act, foreign countries raised their own ___________.

tariffs

Failure to raise ____________ during the 1920s boom caused many Americans to spend more money that they did not own, which inflated the market growth.

interest rates

Many banks were forced out of business due to the ___________ after the stock market crash.

banks runs

Unemployment forced many Americans out of their homes and into ___________.

Hoovervilles

The results of the ____________ included unproductive land, buried crops, destroyed livestock, and foreclosures on the farms.

Dust Bowl

People escaped the hardships of the depression through movies and ___________.

radio

President Hoover provided financial assistance to banks, railroads, agricultural institutions, and ____________.

citizens

Veterans and ___________ were two of the many groups of people who protested the government's policies during the depression.

farmers

Franklin D. Roosevelt won the presidential election of ____________ because citizens did not think Hoover would save them from the depression.

1932

President Roosevelt's Hundred Days passed legislation that was focused on relief, ____________, and recovery.

reform

The ____________ insured people's deposits up to a certain amount in case the bank were to go out of business, which increased the trust in banks.

FDIC

The ____________ employed thousands of people once it was approved by the Emergency Work Relief Appropriations Act.

WPA

President Roosevelt connected with Americans by using his ____________ on the radio.

fireside chats

Roosevelt's court-packing plan was designed to seat more justices on the court that would not rule his New Deal programs _____________.

unconstitutional

The national economy fell into a ____________ when President Roosevelt tried to balance the budget in 1937.

recession

The economy's problems during the 1930s were finally fixed by ____________.

World War II

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