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In what regions of the US are the most acres used for agriculture?

Northeast Midwest West Coast

agriculture

the deliberate tending of crops and livestock to produce food, feed, fiber, and fuel.

What crop is fed directly to animals?

grain

What is most grain used for?

car fuel

primary economic activity

economic activity concerned with the direct extraction of natural resources from the environment-- such as mining, fishing, lumbering, and especially agriculture

secondary economic activity

economic activity involving the processing of raw materials and their transformation into finished industrial products; the manufacturing sector

tertiary economic activity

economic activity associated with the provision of services (transportation, banking, retailing, education, routine, office-based jobs)

quaternary economic activity

service sector industires concerned with the collection, processing, and manipuation of information and capital (finance, administration, insurance, legal services)

quinary economic activity

service sector industries that require a high level of specialized knowledge skill (scientific research, high-level management)

About what percent of the percent of people work in the agricultural production in US and Canada?

2%

Why is Guatemala labor dependent?

lack of mechanization

What has caused a decrease in the amount of workers needed for agricultural production in the US?

mechanization and new technologies

What was the first form of agriculture dating back since the dawn of time?

hunting and gathering

What were the first tools used in hunting?

simple clubs

What is the First Agricultural Revolution synonymous with?

Neolithic Revolution

What two types of domestication did it introduce?

plant and animal

Which region has the most employment in agriculture?

sub-saharan africa

Population densities were high during the hunting and gathering era. (True/False)

False

Who said plant domestication occurred at different times in different places throughout early societies?

Carl Sauer

In which two places were root crops thought to be originated?

SE Asia (Yams, Bananas) and NW South America (Maize, Squashes, Beans)

root crops

crops that are reproduced by cultivating either the roots or cuttings from the plants (tubers, cassava, yams, sweet potatoes)

seed crops

crop that is reproduced by cultivating the seeds of the plants

In which two places were seed crops thought to be originated?

SW Asia (Fertile Crescent) and the Nile River Valley

What revolution did the cultivation of seed crops mark?

The First Agricultural Revolution

Which crops grew and still grow well in the SW Asian climate?

Wheat and Barley

How did these practices get from their hearths to other parts of the world?

diffusion

Where did corn diffuse from?

Mesoamerica

Where did potatoes diffuse from?

NW South America (Andean Highlands)

Where did bananas diffuse from?

SE Asia

As people became more sedentary, _________ began as a result of it.

animal domestication

What area spawned the first ag. revolution?

Fertile Crescent

The earliest animal domesticated were _______ in ________.

Goats, Turkey

What are the advantages of animal domestication?

Meat and Milk

What are the five most important domesticated animals in the world?

Pig, Horse, Sheep, Cow, Goat

Where were domesticated plants and animals first successfully integrated?

Fertile Crescent

What is the hearth of the goat, sheep, and camel?

SW Asia

What is the heart of the pig, water buffalo, chicken, and water fowl?

SE Asia

What is the hearth of cattle?

S Asia

What is the hearth of the llama and alpaca?

Mesoamerica/Andean Highlands

subsistence agriculture

self sufficient agriculture that is small scale and low technology & emphasizes food production for local consumption, not trade

What type of farming do most subsistence farmers take part in?

shifting cultivation

shifting cultivation

A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period.

Where is shifting cultivation found?

tropical rain forests

How long does the land remain fertile for after slashing and burning?

2-3 years

commercial farming

raising crops and livestock for sale on the local or world market

intensive agriculture

a form of subsistance agriculture that requires large amounts of labor to make the largest crop possible on small plots of land

extensive agriculture

An agricultural system characterized by low inputs of labor per unit land area.

What did Ester Boserup say would be the cause of agricultural production?

population growth

What percent of the world's people are farmers?

about 35%

Who created a model to show what farmers grow depending on relative location to the central market?

Von Thunen

What two costs were considered in his model?

bid rent and transportation

What is produced in the second ring of his model?

dairy

What is grown in the 3rd ring of his model?

grain

In which revolution were plows, reapers, cotton gins, and tractors invented?

second

The Green Revolution was a shift from ________ farming to ___________ farming

subsistence, commercial

monoculture

planting one crop over a large area

Which country benefited the most from the Green Revolution?

China

Developing countries tend to have more tractors. (True/False)

False

cereal grains

corn, wheat, rice, and other grasses

_____________ has increased as small farms decrease in number

Agribusiness

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