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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. classical conditioning
  2. latent learning
  3. phobias
  4. operant conditioning
  5. stimulus discrimination
  1. a occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus does not respond in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus
  2. b a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences; b.f. skinner
  3. c a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus; ian pavlov
  4. d learning that is not apparent from behavior when it first occurs
  5. e irrational fears of specific objects or situations

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. any relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience; shapes our personal habits, traits, preferences, and emotional responses
  2. occurs when an event following a response weakens the tendency to make that response; when rat presses lever, it receives a shock
  3. a period of nonexposure to the CS
  4. any presentation of a stimulus or pair of stimuli
  5. occurs when an organism continues to make a response after delivery of the reinforcer for it has been terminated

5 True/False questions

  1. secondary/conditioned reinforcersevents that acquire reinforcing qualities by being associated with primary reinforcers; money, good grades, attention, flattery, praise, applause

          

  2. stimulus generalizationoccurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus does not respond in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus

          

  3. fixed interval (FI) schedulehe reinforcer is given after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses; a rat reinforced every tenth lever press; a salesperson receives a bonus for every fourth set of golf clubs sold

          

  4. variable ratio (VR) schedulethe reinforcer is given after a variable number of nonreinforced responses; a rat in reinforced for every tenth lever press on the average. the exact number of responses required for reinforcement varies from one time to the next; a slot machine in a casino pays off once over six tried on average. the number of nonwinning responses varies greatly from one time to the next

          

  5. positive reinforcementoccurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the removal of an aversive (unpleasant) stimulus

          

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