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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. stimulus discrimination
  2. variable ratio (VR) schedule
  3. operant conditioning
  4. resistance to extinction
  5. latent learning
  1. a occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus does not respond in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus
  2. b the reinforcer is given after a variable number of nonreinforced responses; a rat in reinforced for every tenth lever press on the average. the exact number of responses required for reinforcement varies from one time to the next; a slot machine in a casino pays off once over six tried on average. the number of nonwinning responses varies greatly from one time to the next
  3. c learning that is not apparent from behavior when it first occurs
  4. d occurs when an organism continues to make a response after delivery of the reinforcer for it has been terminated
  5. e a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences; b.f. skinner

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. occurs when an event following a response increases an organisms tendency to make that response; a response in strengthened because it leads to rewarding consequences
  2. he reinforcer is given after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses; a rat reinforced every tenth lever press; a salesperson receives a bonus for every fourth set of golf clubs sold
  3. send forth
  4. the reinforcer is given for the first response after a variable time interval has elapsed; the interval length varies around a predetermined average; a rat is reinforced for the first lever press after a minute interval has elapsed, but the following intervals are three minutes, two minutes, four minutes, etc. average is two minutes
  5. the circumstances or roles that determine whether responses lead to the presentation of reinforcers

5 True/False Questions

  1. generalizationthe gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency because the response is no longer followed by reinforcement

          

  2. skinner boxa small enclosure in which an animal can make a specific response that is systematically recorded while the consequence of the response are controlled

          

  3. learningthe reinforcement of closer and closer approximations of a desired response

          

  4. shapingany relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience; shapes our personal habits, traits, preferences, and emotional responses

          

  5. primary reinforcersevents that are inherently reinforcing because they satisfy biological needs; food, water, warmth, sex, affection

          

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