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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. observational learning
  2. trial
  3. discriminative stimuli
  4. continuous reinforcement
  5. reinforcement
  1. a occurs when every instance of a designated response is reinforced
  2. b occurs when an organisms responding is influenced bu the observation of others who are called models
  3. c occurs when an event following a response increases an organisms tendency to make that response; a response in strengthened because it leads to rewarding consequences
  4. d any presentation of a stimulus or pair of stimuli
  5. e cues that influence operant behavior by indicating the probable consequences (reinforcement or nonreinforcement) of a response; play a key role in the regulation of operant behavior

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a previously neutral stimulus that has, through conditioning, acquired that capacity to evoke a conditioned response
  2. he reinforcer is given after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses; a rat reinforced every tenth lever press; a salesperson receives a bonus for every fourth set of golf clubs sold
  3. the circumstances or roles that determine whether responses lead to the presentation of reinforcers
  4. a specific pattern of presentation of reinforcers over time
  5. a stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning

5 True/False Questions

  1. positive reinforcementoccurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus


  2. resistance to extinctionoccurs when an organism continues to make a response after delivery of the reinforcer for it has been terminated


  3. phobiasirrational fears of specific objects or situations


  4. acquisitionthe initial stage of learning something


  5. higher-order conditioninga form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences; b.f. skinner


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