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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. resistance to extinction
  2. reinforcement
  3. cumulative recorder
  4. trial
  5. reinforcement contingencies
  1. a occurs when an event following a response increases an organisms tendency to make that response; a response in strengthened because it leads to rewarding consequences
  2. b occurs when an organism continues to make a response after delivery of the reinforcer for it has been terminated
  3. c any presentation of a stimulus or pair of stimuli
  4. d the circumstances or roles that determine whether responses lead to the presentation of reinforcers
  5. e creates a graphic record of responding and reinforcement in a skinner box as a function of time

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the reinforcer is given for the first response after a variable time interval has elapsed; the interval length varies around a predetermined average; a rat is reinforced for the first lever press after a minute interval has elapsed, but the following intervals are three minutes, two minutes, four minutes, etc. average is two minutes
  2. occurs when an animals innate response tendencies interfere with conditioning processes
  3. occurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus
  4. an organism acquires a response that prevents some aversive stimulation from occurring
  5. a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences; b.f. skinner

5 True/False questions

  1. variable ratio (VR) schedulethe reinforcer is given after a variable number of nonreinforced responses; a rat in reinforced for every tenth lever press on the average. the exact number of responses required for reinforcement varies from one time to the next; a slot machine in a casino pays off once over six tried on average. the number of nonwinning responses varies greatly from one time to the next


  2. higher-order conditioningin which a conditioned stimulus functions as if it were an unconditioned stimulus


  3. latent learninglearning that is not apparent from behavior when it first occurs


  4. phobiasirrational fears of specific objects or situations


  5. escape learninglearning that is not apparent from behavior when it first occurs


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