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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. shaping
  2. variable ratio (VR) schedule
  3. discriminative stimuli
  4. classical conditioning
  5. reinforcement
  1. a occurs when an event following a response increases an organisms tendency to make that response; a response in strengthened because it leads to rewarding consequences
  2. b cues that influence operant behavior by indicating the probable consequences (reinforcement or nonreinforcement) of a response; play a key role in the regulation of operant behavior
  3. c the reinforcer is given after a variable number of nonreinforced responses; a rat in reinforced for every tenth lever press on the average. the exact number of responses required for reinforcement varies from one time to the next; a slot machine in a casino pays off once over six tried on average. the number of nonwinning responses varies greatly from one time to the next
  4. d the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations of a desired response
  5. e a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus; ian pavlov

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a learned reaction to a conditioned stimulus that occurs because of previous conditioning
  2. the reinforcer is given for the first response after a variable time interval has elapsed; the interval length varies around a predetermined average; a rat is reinforced for the first lever press after a minute interval has elapsed, but the following intervals are three minutes, two minutes, four minutes, etc. average is two minutes
  3. any presentation of a stimulus or pair of stimuli
  4. occurs when an event following a response weakens the tendency to make that response; when rat presses lever, it receives a shock
  5. a previously neutral stimulus that has, through conditioning, acquired that capacity to evoke a conditioned response

5 True/False questions

  1. positive reinforcementoccurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus


  2. latent learningan organism acquires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation


  3. instinctive driftoccurs when an animals innate response tendencies interfere with conditioning processes


  4. observational learningoccurs when an organisms responding is influenced bu the observation of others who are called models


  5. avoidance learningan organism acquires a response that prevents some aversive stimulation from occurring


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