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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. escape learning
  2. resistance to extinction
  3. generalization
  4. classical conditioning
  5. fixed interval (FI) schedule
  1. a the reinforcer is given for the first response that occurs after a fixed time interval has elapsed; a rat in reinforced for the first lever press after a two minute interval has elapsed and then must wait two minutes before recieving the next reinforcement; students can earn grades by taking exams every three weeks
  2. b an organism acquires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation
  3. c a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus; ian pavlov
  4. d occurs when an organism continues to make a response after delivery of the reinforcer for it has been terminated
  5. e responding to a new stimulus as if it were the original

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. any presentation of a stimulus or pair of stimuli
  2. occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus responds in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus; john b. watson
  3. irrational fears of specific objects or situations
  4. the reappearance of an extinguished response after a period of nonexposure to the conditioned stimulus
  5. an unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs without previous conditioning

5 True/False questions

  1. shapingany relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience; shapes our personal habits, traits, preferences, and emotional responses

          

  2. learningany relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience; shapes our personal habits, traits, preferences, and emotional responses

          

  3. primary reinforcersevents that are inherently reinforcing because they satisfy biological needs; food, water, warmth, sex, affection

          

  4. continuous reinforcementoccurs when every instance of a designated response is reinforced

          

  5. cumulative recorderoccurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the removal of an aversive (unpleasant) stimulus

          

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