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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. primary reinforcers
  2. avoidance learning
  3. trial
  4. learning
  5. cumulative recorder
  1. a creates a graphic record of responding and reinforcement in a skinner box as a function of time
  2. b any relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience; shapes our personal habits, traits, preferences, and emotional responses
  3. c an organism acquires a response that prevents some aversive stimulation from occurring
  4. d events that are inherently reinforcing because they satisfy biological needs; food, water, warmth, sex, affection
  5. e any presentation of a stimulus or pair of stimuli

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the reinforcer is given for the first response after a variable time interval has elapsed; the interval length varies around a predetermined average; a rat is reinforced for the first lever press after a minute interval has elapsed, but the following intervals are three minutes, two minutes, four minutes, etc. average is two minutes
  2. a previously neutral stimulus that has, through conditioning, acquired that capacity to evoke a conditioned response
  3. a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences; b.f. skinner
  4. a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus; ian pavlov
  5. occurs when an animals innate response tendencies interfere with conditioning processes

5 True/False Questions

  1. observational learningoccurs when an organisms responding is influenced bu the observation of others who are called models


  2. generalizationthe gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency because the response is no longer followed by reinforcement


  3. phobiasthe reinforcement of closer and closer approximations of a desired response


  4. continuous reinforcementoccurs when every instance of a designated response is reinforced


  5. negative reinforcementoccurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus


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