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psych ch. 6 Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. secondary/conditioned reinforcers
  2. stimulus discrimination
  3. reinforcement contingencies
  4. discriminative stimuli
  5. emit
  1. a events that acquire reinforcing qualities by being associated with primary reinforcers; money, good grades, attention, flattery, praise, applause
  2. b send forth
  3. c occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus does not respond in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus
  4. d cues that influence operant behavior by indicating the probable consequences (reinforcement or nonreinforcement) of a response; play a key role in the regulation of operant behavior
  5. e the circumstances or roles that determine whether responses lead to the presentation of reinforcers

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a specific pattern of presentation of reinforcers over time
  2. the reinforcer is given for the first response that occurs after a fixed time interval has elapsed; a rat in reinforced for the first lever press after a two minute interval has elapsed and then must wait two minutes before recieving the next reinforcement; students can earn grades by taking exams every three weeks
  3. a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences; b.f. skinner
  4. an unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs without previous conditioning
  5. learning that is not apparent from behavior when it first occurs

5 True/False Questions

  1. generalizationthe gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency because the response is no longer followed by reinforcement

          

  2. positive reinforcementoccurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the removal of an aversive (unpleasant) stimulus

          

  3. instinctive driftthe gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency because the response is no longer followed by reinforcement

          

  4. cumulative recordercreates a graphic record of responding and reinforcement in a skinner box as a function of time

          

  5. variable ratio (VR) schedulehe reinforcer is given after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses; a rat reinforced every tenth lever press; a salesperson receives a bonus for every fourth set of golf clubs sold

          

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