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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. reinforcement
  2. extinction
  3. skinner box
  4. generalization
  5. operant conditioning
  1. a a small enclosure in which an animal can make a specific response that is systematically recorded while the consequence of the response are controlled
  2. b responding to a new stimulus as if it were the original
  3. c the gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency because the response is no longer followed by reinforcement
  4. d a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences; b.f. skinner
  5. e occurs when an event following a response increases an organisms tendency to make that response; a response in strengthened because it leads to rewarding consequences

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. occurs when an organisms responding is influenced bu the observation of others who are called models
  2. the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations of a desired response
  3. irrational fears of specific objects or situations
  4. he reinforcer is given after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses; a rat reinforced every tenth lever press; a salesperson receives a bonus for every fourth set of golf clubs sold
  5. occurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus

5 True/False questions

  1. primary reinforcersevents that are inherently reinforcing because they satisfy biological needs; food, water, warmth, sex, affection

          

  2. variable interval (VI) schedulethe reinforcer is given after a variable number of nonreinforced responses; a rat in reinforced for every tenth lever press on the average. the exact number of responses required for reinforcement varies from one time to the next; a slot machine in a casino pays off once over six tried on average. the number of nonwinning responses varies greatly from one time to the next

          

  3. avoidance learningan organism acquires a response that prevents some aversive stimulation from occurring

          

  4. secondary/conditioned reinforcersevents that are inherently reinforcing because they satisfy biological needs; food, water, warmth, sex, affection

          

  5. instinctive drifta period of nonexposure to the CS

          

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