History Part II

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The Declaration of Independence contains all of the following phrases except

"monarchy and hereditary succession have laid the world in blood and ashes."

From the rationalist philosophies of the Enlightenment, Americans of the 1760s and early 1770s derived the idea

that individuals have certain "natural rights."

By 1770, after five years of debate over American sovereignty,

outspoken colonial leaders had repudiated Parliament and claimed equality for their own assemblies under the king.

The author of the radical pamphlet Common Sense

called for independence and republicanism.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Boston Massacre of March 1770 or its aftermath?

Radical Whigs accused the British of deliberately planning the killings.

At the same time that Parliament imposed the Stamp Act, it also passed the Quartering Act, which required

colonial governments to provide barracks and food for British troops.

The Coercive Acts, passed in 1774 in response to the Boston tea incident, included a(n)

all of the answers are correct.

In the 1760s and early 1770s, lawyers and other educated Americans used common-law arguments mainly to

assert that as the king's subjects, colonists were protected against arbitrary acts of the government.

Which of the following statements most accurately describes the military clash between British regulars and the Massachusetts militia in April 1775?

Warned by Paul Revere and two other Bostonians, a small force of Minutemen opposed the British at Lexington, and a larger body of Patriots confronted them at Concord; while returning to Boston, the British troops were repeatedly ambushed by militiamen and sustained heavy losses.

Thomas Jefferson's main purpose in composing the Declaration of Independence was to

justify the action of Congress by blaming the rupture on George III.

In the mid-1770s, the Loyalists

feared that the violence the rebels were using to enforce nonimportation would lead to mob rule.

After the Great War for Empire ended, Parliament

instructed the Royal Navy to seize American vessels carrying supplies from the mainland to the French West Indies.

At the same time that Parliament imposed the Stamp Act, it also passed the Quartering Act, which required

colonial governments to provide barracks and food for British troops.

Objecting to the Stamp Act, educated Americans drew on all of the following historical precedents or intellectual traditions except

democratic traditions dating from the Protestant Reformation.

The Declaration of Independence contains all of the following phrases except

"monarchy and hereditary succession have laid the world in blood and ashes."

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Loyalists at the beginning of the American Revolution?

Many Quakers became Loyalists because they held pacifist beliefs and feared political change.

George III's response to the Declaration of the Causes and Necessities of Taking Up Arms was to

refuse to accept the petition, instead issuing the Proclamation for Suppressing Rebellion and Sedition.

In the 1760s and early 1770s, lawyers and other educated Americans used common-law arguments mainly to

assert that as the king's subjects, colonists were protected against arbitrary acts of the government.

During the Great War for Empire,

deep-seated differences in military discipline emerged between the British officers and the American colonial troops.

American women contributed to the nonimportation movement of 1768 by

producing homespun fabric to make the colonies less dependent on British textiles.

Members of activist groups, such as the Sons of Liberty, were typically

artisans, shopkeepers, poor laborers, and seamen.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Daughters of Liberty?

The organization of women supported boycotts against British goods.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes responses to the planned Stamp Act?

British politicians, with the exception of William Pitt, refused to consider the idea of American representation in Parliament.

How did the outcome of the Stamp Act crisis of 1765 compare to that of the crisis of the Townshend duties in 1768?

The stakes had risen: In 1765, American resistance to taxation had provoked an argument in Parliament; in 1768, it produced a British plan for military coercion.

During the Great War for Empire,

deep-seated differences in military discipline emerged between the British officers and the American colonial troops.

The Stamp Act Congress held in New York in 1765

protested loss of American rights and liberties and declared that only elected representatives could impose taxes on colonists.

At the First Continental Congress, New England delegates advocated

political union and defensive military preparations.

Objecting to the Stamp Act, educated Americans drew on all of the following historical precedents or intellectual traditions except

democratic traditions dating from the Protestant Reformation.

George Washington's success as a general is most accurately explained by

his political astuteness and ability to act decisively.

Immediately after signing the alliance with the Americans in 1778, the French

concentrated their naval forces in the Caribbean in the hopes of capturing a British sugar island.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the provisions of the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary War?

The United States promised not to hinder British merchants from recovering their prewar debts from Americans and to encourage state governments to restore confiscated Loyalist property.

The Patriots succeeded in the American Revolution mainly because

about two-thirds of the population supported the war to some degree, and the army fought on its own territory.

France gave serious consideration to an alliance with the rebel colonies primarily because it saw an opportunity to

exact revenge on Britain for defeat in the French and Indian War and the loss of Canada.

A political ideology that repudiates rule by kings and princes and celebrates a representative system of government and a virtuous, public-spirited citizenry is called

republicanism.

The Northwest Ordinance of 1787

prohibited slavery in the Northwest Territory.

Before the Constitution could go into effect, how many states had to ratify it?

Nine

Under the Articles of Confederation,

each state retained its sovereignty and independence.

Antifederalist Patrick Henry opposed the Constitution because he

feared high taxes, a large bureaucracy, and a standing army.

All of the following states were eventually created out of the Northwest Territory except

Kentucky.

The Continental army

enlisted most of its recruits from the lower ranks of society, poor native-born youths, and older foreign-born men.

The Philadelphia convention established that

Congress could make no law regulating the importation of slaves until 1808.

The Constitution, as completed on September 17, 1787, gave the national government

broad powers over taxation, military defense, and external commerce.

The largest political and economic problem facing the postrevolutionary state governments was

a worthless currency and big debts.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes what occurred at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-1778?

While the ill-equipped, underfed Continental army huddled on a bleak hillside west of Philadelphia, British troops were comfortably housed in the city for the winter.

To persuade Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York to ratify the Constitution, leading Federalists promised that

a bill of rights would be added to the Constitution.

New Jersey was unique until 1807 compared to other states regarding

allowing unmarried and widowed women property holders to vote.

Abigail Adams

insisted on equal legal rights for married women.

The Land Ordinance of 1785

set out a rectangular-grid system of surveying land.

As part of the Great Compromise, delegates at the Philadelphia convention agreed on

a lower house whose seats would be apportioned on the basis of population.

In their protests against the Alien and Sedition Acts, Jefferson and Madison

took the fight to the state legislatures, setting forth a states' rights to interpretation of the Constitution.

In response to the purchase of Louisiana,

some New England Federalists devised a plan to secede from the Union and establish a northern confederacy.

All of the following rights are guaranteed by the first ten amendments to the Constitution except

the right to vote.

The first ten amendments to the Constitution are known as the

Bill of Rights.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the first congressional government?

George Washington established a cabinet--or body of advisors--and an administrative bureaucracy under the president's control.

The Whiskey Rebellion was significant for all of the following reasons except

when he learned that Thomas Jefferson covertly supported the insurgents, Washington publicly broke with him, precipitating open party conflict.

As a result of the Embargo Act of 1807, the American economy

fell into a slump; by 1808, exports had plunged to about one-fifth the pre-embargo level.

The immediate cause of the duel in which Vice President Aaron Burr killed Alexander Hamilton was

Hamilton's accusation that Burr was aiding in a plot to destroy the Union.

All of the following rights are guaranteed by the first ten amendments to the Constitution except

the right to vote.

What was the effect of the French Revolution and the war between France and England on the American economy?

By managing to sell to both sides, American merchants profited handsomely.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the American reaction to the French Revolution?

Artisans praised the egalitarianism of the French republicans and founded political clubs.

Before becoming president, Thomas Jefferson viewed the westward migration of Americans with

unqualified approval because he celebrated the pioneer farmer and hoped to see the West developed by independent yeomen.

Those persons who migrated from New England during the 1790s usually

moved in large family or church groups.

In the treaty that ended the War of 1812, the United States gained

nothing.

The decision in the case Marbury v. Madison (1803) is of great importance in American history because

it marked the onset of a period of frequent declarations by the Supreme Court that laws enacted by the Republican-dominated Congress were unconstitutional.

In response to Hamilton's bill to establish the Bank of the United States,

Jefferson relied on a strict interpretation of the Constitution to declare the national bank unconstitutional.

To enhance the authority of the federal government, Alexander Hamilton proposed

that the federal government assume the unpaid war debts of the states.

The decision in the case Marbury v. Madison (1803) is of great importance in American history because

it marked the first occasion on which the Supreme Court declared that it had the power to rule national laws unconstitutional.

The Lewis and Clark expedition was dispatched primarily to

report on the physical features and the plant and animal life of the Louisiana Territory, in which Jefferson took a great scientific interest.

Thomas Jefferson's vision for the future of the United States included

western territories populated by independent yeomen farm families.

Under the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798,

it was illegal to publish insults or malicious attacks against Congress or the president.

In the election of 1800,

Hamilton threw his support behind Jefferson, who was in an electoral-vote tie with Aaron Burr for the presidency.

Alexander Hamilton

proposed making the United States self-sufficient in manufacturing

In contemplating the opportunity to purchase Louisiana, Jefferson

revised his view of presidential powers under the Constitution.

In January of 1815, General Jackson's forces crushed the British in

New Orleans, Louisiana.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Federalists' response to the War of 1812?

Some Federalists at the Hartford convention in 1814 proposed secession from the Union.

By the end of the War of 1812,

...

Of the following statesmen, the one most instrumental in arranging the Missouri Compromise was

Henry Clay

What role did Gabriel Prosser play in the debate over slave emancipation in Virginia?

As a slave, he planned a slave uprising in 1800 and was hanged.

The camp meeting revival that Frances Trollope witnessed in Indiana around 1830 was typical of the Second Great Awakening in that it

was an intensely emotional, mass experience.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the effect of the Second Great Awakening on American religious groups?

Evangelical denominations, such as the Baptists and Methodists, grew rapidly in size and influence compared to the Congregationalists, Episcopalians, and Quakers.

Circuit riders were

Methodist ministers in frontier communities who rode on horseback over a vast area, or "circuit," preaching and establishing new congregations.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes education before the 1820s?

Farmers, artisans, and laborers emphasized basic instruction in reading, writing, and arithmetic but saw little use for training in other subjects.

By the 1820s, more women were becoming teachers because

school authorities could pay women less than they paid men.

In early nineteenth-century America,

the rise in political status of ordinary white men was accompanied by a decline in the political rights of women and free blacks.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the effect of the Second Great Awakening on American religious groups?

Evangelical denominations, such as the Baptists and Methodists, grew rapidly in size and influence compared to the Congregationalists, Episcopalians, and Quakers.

The Missouri Compromise of 1820

provided for Maine to enter the Union as a free state in 1820, and Missouri to enter as a slave state the following year.

On the basis of their growth and membership increases during the early nineteenth century, the two most popular American Protestant denominations were the

Baptists and Methodists.

The Second Great Awakening deeply influenced American cultural and social action because it

challenged the Calvinist doctrine of predestination and helped to make American intellectual culture more optimistic.

Circuit riders were

Methodist ministers in frontier communities who rode on horseback over a vast area, or "circuit," preaching and establishing new congregations.

During and after the Revolution, why did the emancipation of slaves proceed very slowly in the northern states?

The northern states gave priority to slaveholders' property rights so that emancipation often was spaced out over several slave generations.

In efforts to improve transportation at the beginning of the nineteenth century,

state governments chartered private companies to construct turnpikes and canals.

The camp meeting revival that Frances Trollope witnessed in Indiana around 1830 was typical of the Second Great Awakening in that it

was an intensely emotional, mass experience.

The purpose of the American Colonization Society was to

encourage Southern planters to emancipate their slaves for resettlement in Africa.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes transportation in the trans-Appalachian West in the early nineteenth century?

Water transport was the quickest and cheapest way to get goods to market, but most new settlements were not near navigable streams.

Lyman Beecher, the leading New England clergyman of the first half of the nineteenth century, was a Congregationalist who

emphasized the free will of the believer to do right and obey God.

John Adams recommended a bicameral (two-house) legislature because he believed that

the upper house, consisting of substantial property owners, would check the power of popular majorities in the lower house.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the effect of the Second Great Awakening on women?

The rate of premarital pregnancy dropped in New England towns.

When the Bank of the United States' charter expired in 1811,

it was not renewed.

In the 1780s, owners of textile mills in the Middle Atlantic and New England states

used water-powered machines to card and comb wool and cotton into long strands.

In the early republic, Benjamin Rush and other leaders argued that women should be educated so they could

oversee the instruction of their sons in the principles of liberty and government.

Virginia's 1786 Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom, which made all churches equal before the law and granted direct financial support to none,

was written by Thomas Jefferson.

The Second Great Awakening was the

religious revival that began around 1790 and continued far into the nineteenth century.

One reason women took charge of religious and charitable enterprises during and after the Second Great Awakening was because

they were excluded from other public roles.

Noah Webster

published dictionaries and spelling books to conform American spelling and grammar.

The First Continental Congress

was summoned by Patriot leaders to protest the Coercive Acts in 1774.

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