Ch. 3 - Huck says this. Widow Douglas teaches H about caring for others - as we'll see H do for J in the future. (Model of sincere Christianity, not Miss Watson's kind - who owns Jim)
I went and told the widow about it, and she said the thing a body could get by praying for it was "spiritual gifts." This was too many for me, but she told me what she meant -- I must help other people, and do everything I could for other people, and look out for them all the time, and never think about myself.
Ch. 3 - (1) Widow Douglas' view of Providence & religion inspires Huck (2) Huck believes himself to be unworthy - "ornery" and "low down" by society's standards
I went and told the widow about it, and she said the thing a body could get by praying for it was "spiritual gifts." This was too many for me, but she told me what she meant -- I must help other people, and do everything I could for other people, and look out for them all the time, and never think about myself. Sometimes the widow would take me one side and talk about Providence in a way to make a body's mouth water; but maybe next day Miss Watson would take hold and knock it all down again. I judged I could see that there was two Providences, and a poor chap would stand considerable show with the widow's Providence, but if Miss Watson's got him there warn't no help for him any more. I thought it all out, and reckoned I would belong to the widow's if he wanted me, though I couldn't make out how he was a-going to be any better off then than what he was before, seeing I was so ignorant, and so kind of low-down and ornery.
Ch. 3 - Tom's imagination comes from books, not real, and as later evident, Tom is not realistic. Huck is aware that Tom lies. Huck is practical and real and his growing maturity is evident. Tom's false ideas can be compared to Miss Watson's. (Recall she is the one who "owns" Jim.)
Shucks, it ain't no use to talk to you, Huck Finn. You don't seem to know anything, somehow -- perfect saphead." I thought all this over for two or three days, and then I reckoned I would see if there was anything in it. I got an old tin lamp and an iron ing, and went out in the woods and rubbed and rubbed till I sweat like an Injun, calculating to build a palace and sell it; but it warn't no use, none of the genies come. So then I judged that all that stuff was only just one of Tom Sawyer's lies. I reckoned he believed in the A-rabs and the elephants, but as for me I think different. It had all the marks of a Sunday-school.
Ch. 4 - Hairball scene, chapter 4: Example of Jim's fatherly nature. Comforts Huck about Pap. Predicts/foreshadows trouble on the river. Two angels over Pap is more about H's future moral dilemma w/Jim - turning him in.
Yo' ole father doan' know yit what he's a-gwyne to do. Sometimes he spec he'll go 'way, en den agin he spec he'll stay. De bes' way is to res' easy en let de ole man take his own way. Dey's two angels hoverin' roun' 'bout him. One uv 'em is white en shiny, en t'other one is black. De white one gits him to go right a little while, den de black one sail in en bust it all up. A body can't tell it which one gwyne to fetch him at de las'. But you is all right. You gwyne to have considable trouble in yo' life, en considable joy. Sometimes you gwyne to git hurt, en sometimes you gwyne to git sick; but every time you's gwyne to git well agin. Dey's two gals flyin' 'bout you in yo' life. One uv 'em's light en 'other one is dark. One is rich en t'other is po'. You's gwyne to marry de po' one fust en de rich one by en by. You wants to keep 'way fum de water as much as you kin, en don't run no resk, 'kase it's down in de bills dat you's gwyne to git hung.
Ch. 6 - Pap's ranting about free blacks. Parallels ignorance and racist attitude prevalent at the time.
Oh, yes, this is a wonderful govment, wonderful. Why, looky here. There was a free ***** there from Ohio -- a mulatter, most as white as a white man. He had the whitest shirt on you ever see, too, and the shiniest hat; and there ain't a man in that town that's got as fine clothes as what he had; and he had a gold watch and chain, and a silver-headed cane -- the awful- est old gray-headed nabob in the State. And what do you think? They said he was a p'fessor in a college, and could talk all kinds of languages, and knowed everything. And that ain't the wust. They said he could VOTE when he was at home. Well, that let me out. Thinks I, what is the country a-coming to? It was 'lection day, and I was just about to go and vote myself if I warn't too drunk to get there; but when they told me there was a State in this country where they'd let that **** vote, I drawed out. I says I'll never vote agin. Them's the very words I said; they all heard me; and the country may rot for all me -- I'll never vote agin as long as I live. And to see the cool way of that **** -- why, he wouldn't a give me the road if I hadn't shoved him out o' the way. I says to the people, why ain't this **** put up at auction and sold? -- that's what I want to know. And what do you reckon they said? Why, they said he couldn't be sold till he'd been in the State six months, and he hadn't been there that long yet. There, now -- that's a specimen. They call that a govment that can't sell a free **** till he's been in the State six months. Here's a govment that calls itself a govment, and lets on to be a govment, and thinks it is a govment, and yet's got to set stock-still for six whole months before it can take a hold of a prowling, thieving, infernal, white-shirted free *****, and --
Ch. 7 - Peaceful images of the river. Nature vs. Society. Shore life = corrupt, chaotic, ugly. River, nature = peace, equilibrium. Transcendentalism: society vs. nature. Nature = good. Calm nature = reflected in Huck's being.
I laid there, and had a good rest and a smoke out of my pipe, looking away into the sky; not a cloud in it. The sky looks ever so deep when you lay down on your back in the moonshine; I never knowed it before. And how far a body can hear on the water such nights! I heard people talking at the ferry landing. I heard what they said, too -- every word of it.
Ch. 8 - Society's standards at the time. H's lack of self-respect b/c of what society has ingrained into him. Huck going against society (Transcendentalism). Going with what his heart tells him.
People would call me a low-down Abolitionist and despise me for keeping mum --
Ch. 8 - Jim values himself. Parallels the value of freedom. Jim feels rich.
"Yes; en I's rich now, come to look at it. I owns mysef, en I's wuth eight hund'd dollars."
Ch. 10 - H feels bad about snake prank. Beginning of H's humanity for Jim. Beginning of H's education to Jim's humanity.
o Then I slid out quiet and throwed the snakes clear away amongst the bushes; for I warn't going to let Jim find out it was all my fault, not if I could help it...but I'd druther been bit with a snake than pap's whisky.
Ch. 11 - Stereotyped images of women's incapability
Bless you, child, when you set out to thread a needle don't hold the thread still and fetch the needle up to it; hold the needle still and poke the thread at it; that's the way a woman most always does, but a man always does t'other way. And when you throw at a rat or anything, hitch yourself up a tiptoe and fetch your hand up over your head as awkward as you can, and miss your rat about six or seven foot. Throw stiff-armed from the shoulder, like there was a pivot there for it to turn on, like a girl; not from the wrist and elbow, with your arm out to one side, like a boy. And, mind you, when a girl tries to catch anything in her lap she throws her knees apart; she don't clap them together, the way you did when you catched the lump of lead.
Ch. 11 - Huck is in it with Jim even though the men are after Jim as a runaway slave. Huck says, "They're after US."
"Git up and hump yourself, Jim! There ain't a minute to lose. They're after us!"
Ch. 13 - Huck and Jim's solidarity. Working together as clockwork in silence.
The door slammed to because it was on the careened side; and in a half second I was in the boat, and Jim come tumbling after me. I out with my knife and cut the rope, and away we went! We didn't touch an oar, and we didn't speak nor whisper, nor hardly even breathe. We went gliding swift along, dead silent, past the tip of the paddlebox, and past the stern; then in a second or two more we was a hundred yards below the wreck, and the darkness soaked her up, every last sign of her, and we was safe, and knowed it.
Ch. 14 - Jim: society's inability to value human life - too much, means nothing. Jim's love for his family and valuing of his family is evident - esp. when J cried nightly for his family.
Blame de point! I reck'n I knows what I knows. En mine you, de REAL pint is down furder -- it's down deeper. It lays in de way Sollermun was raised. You take a man dat's got on'y one or two chillen; is dat man gwyne to be waseful o' chillen? No, he ain't; he can't 'ford it. HE know how to value 'em. But you take a man dat's got 'bout five million chillen runnin' roun' de house, en it's diffunt. HE as soon chop a chile in two as a cat. Dey's plenty mo'. A chile er two, mo' er less, warn't no consekens to Sollermun, dad fatch him!"
Ch. 14 - Men are equal. Jim.
Is a Frenchman a man?" "Yes." "WELL, den! Dad blame it, why doan' he TALK like a man? You answer me DAT!"
Ch. 15 - H feels terrible about playing 2nd prank on Jim. Learning about J's humanity; fighting what society has drilled in him.
Dat truck dah is TRASH; en trash is what people is dat puts dirt on de head er dey fren's en makes 'em ashamed.". . .Then he got up slow and walked to the wigwam, and went in there without saying anything but that. But that was enough. It made me feel so mean I could almost kissed HIS foot to get him to take it back. . .It was fifteen minutes before I could work myself up to go and humble myself. . .but I done it, and I warn't ever sorry for it afterwards, neither. I didn't do him no more mean tricks, and I wouldn't done that one if I'd a knowed it would make him feel that way.