The whole picture of Jesus, not just the history. Greek for "preaching." All Jesus represents.
Our earliest description of the Gospels comes from him in A.D. 155 when he calls them memoirs (1 Apol. 66)
Why write the Gospels?
The Gospels are combining the gospel message along with other important material as it relates to Jesus' life and teaching.
Having the Gospels written down was beneficial because...
It added to the speed and extent with which it was spread throughout the Roman empire. Within 40 years thousands had read and believed--this would have been impossible if it was only an oral tradition.
Three reasons why the Gospels are trustworthy...
1. They were written while those who knew Jesus were alive and the info could be traced back to them. 2. Three of the four Gospels can be traced to apostles (except for Luke who said was dependent on eyewitnesses and those who knew Jesus) 3. God inspired it.
Until recent times, the only person considered to be the author of Matthew was...
The Apostle Matthew
In modern times the book of Matthew is considered to be anonymous because...
Nowhere does Matthew actually claim authorship.
Matthew's purpose is...
He does not formally state his purpose but fundamentally he wrote it to preserve what he knew about Jesus' life.
Matthew emphasizes that the coming of Jesus...
Cannot be understood as just another even in history. It is the SUPREME event, prophesied and planed by God.
Matthew emphasizes the fact that Jesus came to minister the Jews as well as...
Gentiles and proclaimed that they have a place in God's kingdom.
Jesus says that he will build up his church on the rock-solid fact of his messiahship at...
Cesarea Phillippi after Peter's great confession of Jesus as the Messiah.
The position of the early church, simply summarized is that:
Mark recorded Peter's recollections and was striving for accuracy but not a tightly connected strictly historical narrative.
Purpose of Mark
To record the story of Jesus and how he impacted people. The supernatural nature of Jesus was a main theme.
Mark spends 10 chapters on ________ and six chapters on __________.
The whole of Jesus' life; the last week of his life
Mark highlights two aspects of Jesus' ministry and service
1. Teacher/Preacher 2. Worker of miracles with power over disease and demons.
What is distinctive about Mark, is the emphasis placed on Jesus' command to those he helped to remain silent. This is called the...
Lukes fundamental purpose in writing the Gospel
He wants Theophilus to know that faith in Jesus rests on historical facts.
Differences between how Matthew and Luke trace Jesus' ancestry
Matthew traces Jesus' ancestry back to David and Abraham, while Luke traces it back to Adam - the direct creation of God.
Luke focuses on...
1. Jesus as the savior 2. The universality of God's dealings with the world 3. Jesus' early life and Mary's life 4. The role of women in Jesus' ministry 5. The Holy Spirit
Luke is dominated by theological ideas like...
Salvation history, the Twelve and their apostleship, the Holy Spirit and the proclamation of the kingdom.
John stands apart from the other Gospels in that
90% of it lacks direct verbal parallel in the three Synoptics.
The most distinctive trait of John is the
emphasis on the divine glory of Christ - that he is nothing less than God Himself, incarnate in human flesh.
John places the emphasis of Christ's divine glory in three ways:
1. Jesus' divine qualities and essence 2. Jesus as a unique divine messenger 3. Jesus' fulfillment of of Israel's hopes and images