Government ch. 7

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Ch.7 vocabulary for Mr. Cabral's AP Government class.

Cloture

mechanism requiring sixty senators to vote to cut off debate

Filibuster

a formal way of halting action on a bill by means of long speeches or unlimited debate in the senate

Apportionment

the process of allotting congressional seats to each state following the decennial census according to the state's proportion of the population

Logrolling

vote trading; voting yea to support a colleague's bill in return for a promise of future support

Veto

the formal, constitutional authority of the chief executive to reject bills passed by both houses of the legislative body, thus preventing their becoming law without further legislative action

Redistricting

the redrawing of congressional districts to reflect population changes or for political advantage

Earmark

funds that an appropriations bill designates for a particular purpose within a state or congressional district

Bill

a proposed law

Committee

a specialized group that fulfills certain tasks, such as reviewing proposed bills, conducting investigations, or reconciling both the House and Senate versions of a bill; are controlled by the majority part

Impeachment

the power delegated to the House of Representatives in the Constitution to charge the president, vice president, or other "civil officers," including federal judges, with "Treason, Bribery, or other High Crimes and Misdemeanors." This is the first step in the constitutional process of removing such government officials from office

Majority leader

the elected leader of the party controlling the most seats in the House of Representatives or the Senate; is second in authority to the Speaker of the House and in the Senate is regarded as its most powerful member

Minority leader

the elected leader of the party with the second highest number of elected representatives in the House of Representatives or the Senate

Whip

one of several representatives who keep close contact with all members and take nose counts on key votes, prepare summaries of bills, and in general act as communications links within the party

Speaker of the House

the only officer of the House of Representatives specifically mentioned in the Constitution; elected at the beginning of each new Congress by the entire House; traditionally a member of the majority party

President pro-tempore

the official chair of the Senate; usually the most senior member of the majority party

War Powers Act

passed by Congress in 1973; the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a sixty-day period in peacetime (which can be extended for an extra thirty days to permit withdrawal) unless Congress explicitly gives its approval for a longer period.

17th amendment

passed in 1913, this amendment to the Constitution calls for the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.

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