Grade 3 Ancient Greece Study Guide

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The act of giving or doing something.

Parthenon

A temple in Greece dedicated to all of the gods.

Columns

Architectural supports of great beauty, which the Greeks used to design buildings, and which we still use today.

Olympics

Competitive athletic games that started in Ancient Greece.

Democracy

The form of government, begun in Ancient Greece, which is "government by the people."

Direct Democracy

The style of democracy used in Ancient Greece. It means that all citizens vote themselves, instead of voting for a representatives to vote for them. (The USA has a representative system.)

The physical geography of ancient Greece

Mountains and hills, with a limited amount of rich soil.

Mediterranean Sea

The large body of water that surrounds Greece on three sides.

Terraces

A method the Ancient Greeks used to farm hillsides.

Grapes and Olives

Common crops farmed in Ancient Greece.

Common jobs in Ancient Greece

Farmer, Shipbuilder, Trader

City-states

The small, independent communities in which the Ancient Greeks lived. Since there were so many mountains in ancient Greece, each city had to be able to supply itself with food and goods.

The Economic Specialization of Ancient Greece

They focused their economy on building ships, farming, and making pottery.

Interdependence

Greeks traded goods with Egypt and other nearby communities.

The Trojan War was between

the Greeks and the Trojans.

The Trojan War started when

Helen, the world's most beautiful woman, went to Troy with the Trojan Prince.

The Trojan War ended when

the Greeks hid their best soldiers in the Trojan Horse. They attacked the Trojans brought it in their city and fell asleep.

The Trojan Horse was

a large, wooden structure that the Greeks could hide many of their best fighters inside.

Sparta

An Ancient Greek City-State that focused all its energy on making their army stronger.

Sparta needed a powerful army because

there were more slaves ("Helots") than Spartans.

Thermopylae

the battle where 300 Spartans held off at least 10,000 Persians for days.

Athens

An Ancient Greek city-state known for its great thinkers and for the arts (theater, music, poetry, etc.).

Socrates

A great Greek philosopher who taught people by asking them questions about what they knew.

Plato

A student of Socrates, who believed that people would do good if they knew what goodness was. He started a school called the Academy.

Aristotle

teacher to Alexander the Great.

Alexander the Great

A man who united all of Greece, defeated the Persians, and conquered almost all of the known world.

Terraces

The Greeks would use walls to turn the slanted hillside into a series of large, level "steps," and then plant each of these level areas with crops such as grapes or olives.

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