Ap World History Mrs. Van Dyke Chapter 27-28 study guide

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1 1. All of the following explain the decline of the Islamic empires EXCEPT A) a series of weak rulers. B) cultural conservatism towards foreign inventions and knowledge. 10th grade mooresville mrs. van dyke C) rising tensions between different religious groups. D) European control of trade in the Indian Ocean. E) the high cost of maintaining a military and administration. 2 Sikhism began as a syncretic combination of Hinduism and Islam 3 The steppe tradition which caused the greatest…

1. All of the following explain the decline of the Islamic empires EXCEPT
A) a series of weak rulers.
B) cultural conservatism towards foreign inventions and knowledge.
C) rising tensions between different religious groups.
D) European control of trade in the Indian Ocean.
E) the high cost of maintaining a military and administration.

D) European control of trade in the Indian Ocean.

Sikhism began as a syncretic combination of

Hinduism and Islam

The steppe tradition which caused the greatest problem for the Islamic empires was

a bloody competition among heirs to the throne.

Akbar's answer to the religious diversity and conflict in India was to create what

a syncretic religion called the "divine faith" that all could worship.

The Christian center of India was

Goa

Central to the belief of Twelver Shiism was the idea that the twelfth infallible imam was still alive and would

return to spread his faith.

What empire was inspired by its status as an Islamic outpost on the border of the Christian world?

Ottoman

The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires all originally came from where

nomadic Turkish-speaking tribes

One of the results of the peace brought by the Tokugawa period was
A) a tremendous growth in European trade.
B) an even greater political role for the samurai.
C) the tripling of the Japanese population between 1600 and 1850.
D) a reduction in status for the samurai and daimyo.
E) a resurgence in daimyo authority.

D) a reduction in status for the samurai and daimyo.

Beginning in the 17th century, Japanese foreign policy included all of the following EXCEPT
A) forbidding Japanese to travel overseas.
B) a prohibition on the construction of ships.
C) a ban on the importation of foreign books.
D) strict control of trade with Asian countries.
E) an economic and military alliance with the Spanish.

E) an economic and military alliance with the Spanish.

According to Confucian tradition the most honorable class was

peasants

China fell behind technologically during the Ming and Qing dynasties due to the their preference for

political and social stability over technological innovation.

The practice of footbinding represented what in China?

the increasing subjugation of women during the Qing dynasty.

Who was Zheng He?

An admiral who explored the Indian Ocean

Which of the following was NOT an action of the Manchus after conquering China?
A) They encouraged intermarriage between Chinese and Manchus.
B) They forbade Chinese from learning the Manchurian language.
C) They forced Chinese men to grow a queue as a sign of submission.
D) They did not allow the Chinese to travel to Manchuria.
E) They carefully guarded their own cultural identity.

A) They encouraged intermarriage between Chinese and Manchus.

In an effort to stabilize China internally the Ming emperors stressed Chinese traditions from the

Tang and Song period

. After the arrival of the Europeans,
A) the East Asian societies quickly fell under indirect European economic control.
B) the rapid spread of Christianity threatened the very survival of Buddhism.
C) the East Asian societies immediately fell under direct European control.
D) the East Asian societies quickly copied the ways of the more advanced Europeans.
E) East Asian societies largely controlled their own affairs until the nineteenth century.

E) East Asian societies largely controlled their own affairs until the nineteenth century.

Matteo Ricci was

jesuit missionary in China

n 1368 the Ming dynasty replaced the

Yuan Dynasty

The Ming dynasty was founded by

Hongwu

In 1421, Yongle moved the capital of China to

Beijing

"Our Celestial Empire possesses all things in prolific abundance and lacks no product within its own borders. There [is] no need to import the manufactures of outside barbarians in exchange for our own produce. But as [the goods] which the Celestial Empire produces are absolute necessities to European nations and yourselves, we have permitted . . . that your wants might be supplied and your country thus participate in our beneficence."
Qianlong
Letter to King George III of England, 1793

The tone of this letter is one of
A) condescension.
B) rudeness.
C) Envy.
D) sarcasm.
E) anger.

A) Condescension

This quote demonstrates which belief of the Chinese rulers?
A) Trade is mutually beneficial to China and other nations who trade with it.
B) China's economic growth relies on foreign trade.
C) China gains from trade at the expense of those who pay for Chinese goods.
D) China has little to gain in trade with Europeans.
E) England is a country to be feared.

D) China has little to gain in trade with Europeans.

It was during the reign of Emperor Wanli that the Ming dynasty

the Ming dynasty began to collapse because of his refusal to meet with government officials.

Taiwan was conquered by

Kangxi

Which ruler made Vietnam, Burma, and Nepal vassal states of China?

Quinlong

The phrase "son of heaven" refers to

the Chinese emperors role in in maintaining order on earth

During the Ming and Qing dynasties,
a. women achieved a level of equality and freedom never seen before in Chinese history.
b. women had many more literary and cultural opportunities than ever before.
c. the role of women was fashioned after the prevailing pattern in Japan.
d. the greater freedom for women was a reflection of European influence.
e. patriarchal authority over females became tighter than ever before.

e, patriarchal authority over females became tighter than before.

Zheng He was

a muslim admiral of the Chinese army.

Zhu Xi was

a prominent speaker that stressed the importance of applying philosophical principles to everyday life.

In The True Meaning of the Lord of Heaven, Matteo Ricci argued that

the doctrines of Confucius and Jesus were very similar, if not identical

The Chinese were hesitant to convert to Christianity because of

its exclusivity: they had honored many religions at the same time for centuries

The term bakufu means

"tent government"

In 1600, Tokugawa Ieyasu unified

Japan

Beginning in the 1630s and enduring for the next two centuries, Japanese foreign policy included all of the following except
a. forbidding Japanese travel overseas.
b. a prohibition on the construction of ships.
c. a ban on the importation of foreign books.
d. careful control of trade with Asian lands.
e. open, vibrant trade with Europeans.

e. open, vibrant trade with Europeans.

The term "floating worlds" originally related to

the centers of Tokugawa urban culture-entertainment and pleasure quarters

The founder of the Ottoman dynasty was

Osman Bey

The word ghazi refers to

Muslim religious warriors.

The Ottoman ruler who captured Constantinople was

Mehmed II

Khayr al-Din Barbarossa Pasha was

the admiral who carried Ottoman naval power into the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean

The Islamic leader who converted to Twelver Shiism was

Shah Ismail.

At the battle of Chaldiran in 1514,

the Ottomans defeated the Safavids

The leader of the Safavid empire at its peak was

Shah Abbas

The founder of the Mughal dynasty, and a descendant of Chinggis Khan and Tamerlane, was

Zahir al-Din Muhammad.

Which ruler displayed the greatest amount of religious toleration?

Akbar

The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb reversed

the religious toleration of Akbar and began to tax the Hindus

The Christian center of India was

Goa

In the Islamic world, the dhimmi were

non-Muslims who received the status of a protected people.

The jizya was the tax paid by

non-Muslims for being in an Islamic country

The Ottomans took the Byzantine cathedral Hagia Sofia and

converted it into the mosque of Aya Sofya.

Hurrem Sultana was

a concubine who had tremendous influence over Suleyman the Magnificent

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