Understanding Nutrition- Chapter 1

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Whitney Rolfes 12th Edition

Hypothesis

In the scientific method, a tentative solution to a problem is called the?

RDA Recommended Daily Allowance

The ____ for nutrients are generally designed to meet the needs of almost all healthy people.

Controls

In an experiment, the subjects are similar in all respects except for the treatment being tested.

19

A weight reduction regimen calls for a daily intake of 1400 kilocalories, which includes 30 g of fat. Approximately what percentage of the total energy is contributed to fat?

Estimated Average Requirement

Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) are based on the Estimated Average Requirement.

16

How many minerals are known to be required in the diet of human beings?

Values

The motive for a person who alters his diet due to religious convictions is most likely his____?

Habit

A person who eats a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast every day would be displaying a food choice most likely based on ____?

Anecdote

Your friend Carrie took a daily supplement of Vitamin C and stated that she felt a lot better. Her experience is best described as a ______?

Body Weight

What is an anthropometric measure?

Negative Correlation

An increase in exercise accompanied by a decrease in body weight is an example of a ____?

Risk Factors

Factors known to be related to a disease but not proven to be causal are called?

Organic

Term to describe substances with carbon-carbon or carbon-hydrogen bonds.

Vitamins

Which of the following nutrients does not yield energy during its metabolism?

DRI Dietary Reference Intake

What term best describes the amounts of nutrients that should be consumed by the population?

Positive Association

A parent who offers a child a favorite snack as a reward for good behavior is displaying a food behavior known as ____?

Emotional Comfort

A person viewing an exciting sports match of her favorite team and eating because of nervousness would be displaying a food choice behavior most likely based on ____?

Laboratory Tests

To identify early-stage malnutrition, a health professional would use which parameters?

120

Approximately how many milliliters are in a half-cup of milk.

Historical information, anthropometic data, physical examinations, laboratory tests

As a registered dietician at Jones Hospital, you are instructed to write a policy statement on nutrition assessment procedures for all new patients. Which are useful parameters for the nutrition assessment of individuals?

Engage in regular physical activities

Name a recommendation of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

Macronutrients

Nutrients the body requires in relatively large amounts. Carbohydrate, fat, protein

Setting nutrient goals for individuals

What is a purpose of both Recommended Dietary Allowance and Adequate Intake?

Water, Protein, Fats, Carbohydrates, Minerals, Vitamins

Name the 6 classes of nutrients

220

A diet provides a total of 2200 kcalories, of which 40% of the energy is from fat and 20% is from protein. How many grams of carbohydrate are contained in the diet?

Nutrient Requirement

The smallest amount of a nutrient that is consumed over a prolonged period that maintains a specific function is called ____?

Nutrient Claim

A food label that advertises the product as a "rich source of fiber" is an example of a ____?

Empty K-Calorie Food

A food that contains energy and little or no protein, vitamins, or minerals.

Husk

Whole grain flour contains all the parts of the grain with the exception of the ____?

Enriched Grain Products

Type of food that has added nutrients listed on the label.

Cornstarch

A food label ingredient list reads in the following order: Wheat flour, vegetable shortening, sugar, salt, and cornstarch. What item wold be found in the smallest amount in the food?

Soybeans

Textured vegetable protein is usually made from ____?

Meats

What food group is legumes found in?

Sugar, puffed wheat, dry milk powder, salt, red food coloring

A food scientist is developing a new and improved cereal bar. She consults with you to ask what order the ingredients should be listed on the food label. The ingredients are: Sugar 30g, puffed wheat 28g, Dry milk powder 5g, red food coloring 35 mg, salt 2g. What is the appropriate order in which to list these ingredients on the food label?

6

Cooking an 8 ounce raw steak will reduce the weight (ounces) to approximately?

30

Approximately how many milliliters constitute a fluid ounce?

Iron

What mineral is added to refined flours in the enrichment process?

30

Approximately how many grams are in an ounce?

False

True or False: A particular food group plan sorts foods of similar water content?

Milk Products and Plant Foods

Name two items allowed in the diet of a lactovegetarian.

Principle of Variety

A principle in food planning that ensures the benefit of diluting harmful substances.

True

Does this statement represent a high level of significant scientific agreement. "This product contains whole grains which have been proven to reduce the risk of heart disease and certain cancers."

False

True or False: Vegetarians typically have a high amount of zinc absorption due to their high soy intake.

Nutrient Dense

Term that refers to foods that provide more nutrients relative to kcalories.

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