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slave pl. slaves

Sklave; expl.: in the Civil War, the blacks were slaves

jaunty

showing that you are confident and happy

Gettysburg

important town where civil war took place

rebellion

Rebellion; came from the Confederates

Home Guard

"police"; citizens who formed a group to protect themselves

Southener

Confederate; person who lived in the South of America

Yankee

person who lived in the northern side of Amerca (while the Civil War)

retreat (of an army)

a movement away from the enemy after losing a battle

campaign

a series of attacks which should achieve a paticular result inthe Civil War

antebellum

time period before the Civil War

Reconstruction period

rebuild of the cities and villages after the Civil War

emancipation proclamation

the removal of slavery in the Southern states by the government

infantry

soldiers fighting by foot in the war

catridge box

used to hold ammunition; made out of leather

artillery

large weapon like a cannon

The Underground Railroad

loose organisation to help southern slaves to escape to the north

wooden shacks

a slave's housing

plantation

main working place for a black slave

blockade

declaration of the blockade against the main Confederate parts

territories (pl.), territory

huge areas of a country

nurses

women who served as volunteers in hospitals in the Civil War

weapons

this was used to attack and defend the soldiers

secession

when a country becomes independent of another country

federal

e.g.: a group of states which control their own affairs (but are also controlled ba a single national government)

sanctuary

a protected place for slaves

famine

after the Civil War, there was a large number of people who didn´t have any food for a long time

rifle

a "long" gun

kepi

a cap worn by the soldiers of the Civil Was

abolition

removal

13th Amendment

this freed all slaves without compensation to the slaveowners

artisants

skilled worker

border states

states that remained in the Union during the secession crisis, but slavery was legal in those states (Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware)

Black Codes

Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of newly freed black slaves freedom

share cropping

the system of renting land for a share of crop

to impeach

to formally charge a government official with a serious crime in a special government court

ironclad

a ship covered with iron plates; used in the Civil War

Minie Ball

the standard rifle bullet

to secede

to withdraw (from somewhere)

assassination

killing of a leader

to emancipate

to free/to set free

bounty

money given to soldiers who were willing to fight

segregation

the practice of keeping people inseperate groups based ontheir culture or race

acquit

to find not guilty

freedmen

men/women/children who have been enslaved

fugitive

runaway; trying to run away

draft

the selection of people for military service

Fort Sumter

first battle of the Civil War took place in Fort Sumpter

casualty

a killed or wounded (military) person

matyr

a person who is killed or made to suffer greatly because of their political or religious belief

Antietam

This is where the bloodiest battle of the Civil War took place

sectionalism

loyalty to one's own religion of the country, rather than the nation as a whole

poll tax

charging money in order to vote; used to prevent African americans from voting

depletion

using something up; getting rid of

slave codes

law to control behaviours and actions of slaves

Draft riots

reaction to the enrollment act; also racist reaction by some

Copperheads

a faction of Democrats in the North; opposed the Civil War

Contrabands

escapeds slaves that flad to the northern line for protection

cavalry

soldiers who fought on horsebacks

siege

the act of surrounding and attacking a fortified area over a period of time

sovereign

above superior to all others

abolitionists

a person against slavery

pontoon

a flat boat used as one of the supports of a temporary bridge over a river

rations

a fixed allowance of provisions of food

artillery

military branch that fires cannons

farb

reenactort who is not hardcore

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