Societies are rigid hierarchies dominated by one political party and usually by a single leader.
Extremely nationalistic. Unified on racial or ethnic lines. Believe in inherent superiority. Corrupt, immoral, beyond reform - look to a glorious past for redemption for the future.
A formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular goal.
The Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler.
Systematic killing of a racial or cultural group.
The act of confining someone in a prison (or as if in a prison).
Distribute in rations, as in the army.
Japanese suicide pilots that would crash planes into other planes and ships.
A ritual suicide that was practiced by the warrior class in Japan.
The practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war.
A general and progressive increase in prices.
Opposition to political and economic entanglements with other countries.
Non-participation in a dispute or war.
A kind of biased communication designed to influence peoples thoughts and actions.
A non-participant spectator.
Became president in 1933 during depression, stricken with polio. Used government programs to combat the depression, known as the New Deal. Believed in government intervention.
Prime minister of England, Roosevelt's Allie. Convinced Roosevelt to strike first against Hitler.
The leader of Germany, calls himself Duhr Fhurer. Promised to bring Germany out of chaos. Part of the Nazi party. Extreme nationalism and racism. Believed in militaristic expansion. Wrote Mein Kampf, an autobiography. Anti-Communist. Wanted to form a master race to rule the world.
He was chief of staff of Japan's Kwan Tung army. Pushed Japanese expansion. He became Prime minister of Japan, ultimately sentenced to death.
Created a sound communist state and wait for world revolution. Eventual rule by working class. State ownership of property.
Extreme nationalism. Militaristic expansionism. Charismatic leader. Private property with strong government controls. Anticommunist.
Hitlers book that layed out the main ideas of Nazism that became the plan for the Nazi party. Means my struggle.
Acts passed by congress in 1935 outlawing arm sales or loans to Nations at war. 3 acts, the 3rd act extended the ban on arm sales and loans to nation engaged in civil wars. Effort to keep US out of wars.
Charles de Gaulle
A french general who fled to England when the Germans defeated France. Set up a government in exile in England.
November 9th, 1938 when gangs of Nazi Storm-troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and Synagogues in Germany. Night of Broken Glass.
The group of nations including Germany, Italy, and Japan that opposed the Allies in WWII
The group of nations consisting of Great Britain, the Soviet Union and the US that opposed the Axis Powers.
Declaration of principles in which the US and Great Britain set forth their goals in opposing the Axis Powers.
The largest US Naval base in the Pacific. Bombed by more than 180 Japanese planes. Devastation was tremendous, over 2,000 US people killed, over 1,000 wounded, 21 ships sunk or damaged. More than 300 aircraft damaged or destroyed.
Selective Service Act
A law in acted that required men to register for military service.
The children of first generation Japanese who had emigrated from Japan or Hawaii
first generation Japanese adults who had emigrated from Japan or Hawaii
May 8th 1945, Victory in Europe Day on which general Eisenhower's acceptance of the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany marked the end of WWII in Europe.
American scientist who developed the Atomic Bomb, the most ambitious scientific enterprise in history and the best kept secret of the war.
US program to develop the Atomic Bomb in WWII
An important Japanese military center. August 6th 1945 a B29 bomber named Enola Gay, released an atomic bomb code named little boy, over hiroshima.
3 days after bombing hiroshima the US dropped a bomb code named Fat Man over Nagasaki, leveling the city. 200,000 people died.
Sept. 27, 1940, Germany, Italy, and Japan singed this mutual defense treaty and became known as the axis powers. The pact was aimed at keeping the US out of war. Each access nation agreed to defend the other in case of attack.
February 1945, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met at the Black Sea Resort City of Yalta in the Soviet Union, toasted the defeat of Germany, agreed to a temporary division of Germany in four zones which would then be brought together. Stalin promised free elections in Poland and other Soviet occupied Eastern European Countries. Stalin agreed to join in war against Japan, and Roosevelt's dream of the United Nations came true.
An international peace keeping organization to which most nations in the world belong. Founded in 1945 to promote world peace, security, and economic development.
An agreement in which two nations promised not to go to war with each other.
Battle of Britain
Summer of 1940, the Luftwaffe began bombing Britain, goal was to destroy Britain's royal airforce. on August 15th, 2,000 German planes ranged over Britain. Every night for two months bombers pounded London. Radar helped British royal airforce shoot down German planes. Hitler eventually called off the invasion.
Battle of Stalingrad
The German army and airforce pounded Stalingrad for weeks. The Soviet Army faught back because Stalin ordered them to defend his namesake city. Soviet army closed around Stalingrad trapping the Germans, Hitler ordered them to stay and fight but the German commander surrendured on Jan. 31st, 1943, over 1,000,000 Soviet soldiers died defending Stalingrad. Turning point in the war and a victory for the Soviet Union.
Battle of Midway
WWII battle that took place in early June 1942. The Allies decimated the Japanese fleet at Midway, an island northwest of Hawaii. The Allies then took the offensive in the Pacific and moved closer to Japan.
Army chief of staff General. Pushed for the formation of the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps. Under this bill women volunteers would serve in non-combat positions. Did this because the military needs were so great.
June 6th, 1944, the first day of the invasion of Germany by the US. 3 divisions parachuted behind German lines. Largest land, sea, air operation in army history. Led by Eisenhower.
Franklin Roosevelt's running mate in his fourth term election. He became president in 1945 when Roosevelt died, 33rd president of the US.
Executive Order 9066
Signed by president Roosevelt in 1942, seven weeks after the US declared war on Japan, provided for the evacuation and internment of all Japanese-Americans living on the west coast.
Universe of Obligation
how would you understand that certain people will be resisters or rescuers? What allows people to connect with people they don't know to risk their lives to save them.
State Dept. system to purposefully slow down the process of getting a visa and let Jews out.