classsically restrained and generally religious
column support without obtruding, clear and smooth facades. enhance comfort of human life
religious in nature, conceived for vocal performance. homogenous sound of a cappella
golden age of polyphony
renaissance. iminent style change. modes implied the major or minor sounds, which became more characteristic. polyphonic texture was prevalent and particularly beautiful
rebirth. period of renewed interest in the classical arts of ancienct greece and rome that began in the style of western music from 1450-1600
protest movement, led by martin luther, against certain tenets of the catholic church
catholic response to the protestant reformation. it proposed certain reforms, including some related to church music
where the musical renaissance began
invariably a religious piece, reverent and worshipful in sound. melodies based on popular tunes
harmonic, rhythmic as well as melodic techniques, increased emotional impact
renaissance sound ideal
combination of like voices or instruments
each phrase of text is set to new melody. texture is imitative polyphony
similar rather then repetitive
perfected imitative polyphony
music remained primarily modal and polyphonic (linear) in concept. avoided extremes, confined tastes to fit the needs of generation and church
agnus dei I
through composed, movement from a mass. 3rd and 6ths.
thought everyone should be able to participate in church. wants some prayers translated to vernacular
congregational song. chorale for luther. strophic form. sung unaccompanied.
stanzas set to same music. most popular song form. easy to remember
tuneful settings of 150 psalsm suitable for congregational singing. calvin
through composed, mostly polyphonic. written in vernacular, secular text. polyphonic and expressive
the way a song is composed
3+ instruments of related timbre but of different sizes and with different ranges
rapid variation of pitch lending warmth to the tone of a voice in instrument
baroque term for human emotions or states of the soul
painter. he elongated figured, stretched them towards heaven
several spatially separated choirs of voices and/or instruments.
contrasting sonorities or various voices and instruments. underlying concept of baroque
wrote motets for two to five choirs, for saint marks cathedral.
sonata pian' e forte
chordal duple, polychoral, baroque. change in loud/soft
contains one instrument of a timbre different from the others in a group
sounded on instruments rather then sung
religion in baroque
lots of fighting. tension.
every note of the major or minor scale bears a specific relationship to every other note. all pitches are more or less closely related to the tone. sense of stability and harmonic direction
has own formal design as part of a complete work.
composed motets and etc using renaissance techniques. used dissonance for purely expressive purposes allowing texts of song to determine use
first practice (monteverdi)
composition of serious of conservative pieces. basically palestrinas choral polyphony
setting for secular songs
use of tones from chromatic scale not necessarily in current key
flexible, adaptable, free flowing
emotional, metered, designed short
stayed with oratorios. hallelujah. theater
based on religious subjects for concert performance.
man of the church.
dramatic vocal works composed by bach.
dramatic vocal form blending visual literary and musical arts
text of dramatic vocal work
brief keyboard introductory piece
based on melody of lutheran chorale
polyphonic composition with two to six melodic lines or voices
improvistory character but notes are written out
small instrumental ensemble with one instrument per line
multimovement form for one of more solo instruments accompanied by basso continuo
small group of solo instruments within orchestra
orchestra with one soloist
terraced dynamics. allegro quadruple
suddenly loud or soft