The Respiratory System (Chapter 7)

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laryng/o

voice box

pneum/o

lung

phon/o

voice, sound

trache/o

windpipe

pulmon

lung

thorax

chest

The heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea are located in the ___________.

mediastinum

The __________ acts as a lid over the entrance to the esophagus.

epiglottis

The innermost layer of a pleura is known as the ________ ______.

visceral pleura

The _______ sinuses are located just above the eyes.

frontal

The smallest divisions of the bronchial tree are the ___________.

bronchioles

During respiration, the exchange of gases takes place through the walls of the _______.

alveoli

The term meaning spitting blood or blood-stained sputum is __________.

hemoptysis

Grinder's disease is the lay term for _________.

silicosis

The term _________ means an abnormally rapid rate of respiration.

tachypnea

The term meaning any vocie impairment is _________.

dysphonia

nasopharynx

first division of the pharynx

oropharynx

second division of the pharynx

laryngopharynx

third division of the pharynx

larynx

voice box

trachea

windpipe

The exchange of gases within the cells of the body is known as ________.

internal

The term that describes the lung disease caused by cotton, flax, or hemp dust is __________.

byssinosis

The form of pneumonia that can be prevented through vaccination is _________ pneumonia.

bacterial

The term commonly known as shortness of breath is _______.

dyspnea

The emergency procedure to gain access below a blocked airway is called a ___________.

tracheotomy

The thick mucus secreted by the tissues that line the respiratory passages is called ______.

phlegm

The medical term meaning an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity is _______.

empyema

the medical name for the disease commonly known as the whooping cough is _________.

pertussis

The medical term for the condition commonly known as TB is ____________.

tuberculosis

One of the terms used to describe the common cold is _______________.

nasopharyngitis

upper respiratory infection

URI

sudden infant death syndrome

SIDS

acute respiratory distress syndrome

ARDS

The term meaning the act of drawing a foreign substance into the upper respiratory tract is __________.

aspiration

The term meaning abnormally rapid deep breathing is ________________.

hyperventilation

The term meaning the surgical repair of the trachea is _____________.

tracheoplasty

The diaphragm is relaxed during __________.

exhalation

Durign a/an ______ attack, the muscles of the airways contract.

asthma

The term meaning an absence of spontaneous respiration is _____.

apnea

The sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx is a/an ____________.

laryngospasm

The term meaning the escape of fluid into a body cavity is ________.

effusion

The term meaning pain in the pleura or side is _________.

pleuralgia

The term meaning bleeding from the lungs is ______________.

pneumorrhagia

anthracosis

lay term for black lung disease

phrenic nerves

stimulate the diaphragm and cause it to contract

antitussive

administered to prevent or relieve coughing

tracheostomy

term meaning surgical creation of a stoma into the trachea to insert a breathing tube

asthma

chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing

bronchospasm

a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut

bronchorrhea

an excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi

oropharynx

visible when looking at the back of the mouth

polysomnography

measures physiological activity during sleep and is most often performed to detect nocturnal defects in breathing associated with sleep apnea

pneumorrhagia

bleeding from the lungs

cystic fibrosis

Baby Jamison was born with _________.This is a genetic disorder in which lungs are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus

pleurectomy

Dr. Lee surgically removed a portion of the lung. this procedure is known as a

bronchodilator

during his asthma attacks, Nelson uses an inhlaer containing a _________. this medication expands the opening of the passages into the lungs

epistaxis

when hit during a fight, roper's nose started to bleed. the medical term for this condition

hemothorax

accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity

septoplasty

surgical repair of the nasal septum

tracheostomy

Coleman required the permanent replacement of a breathing tube. the procedure for the placement of this tube is called

pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura that causes pleurodynia, is known as

sputum

the substance ejected through the mouth and used for diagnostic purposes in respiratory disorders

cyanosis

term meaning bluish discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen

laryngospasm

medical term meaning sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx

cheyne-stokes respiration

pattern of alternating periods of rapid breathing, slow

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