School of theology formed in Basra in the 8th century, used reason and Greek philosophy
Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari and Ash'arism
Al-Ash'ari was noted for his teachings on atomism,
Speculating about God's nature and attributes
People who want to go back to pure islam
the mystic branch of the islamic faith whose goal is to see Allah directly and clearly with purity of heart
God, the ultimate understanding of reality
The sufi path to true understanding, perfect religion, perfect character
islamic theologian who struggled to fuse greek and quranic traditions
Ibn 'Arabi (1240)
an Arab Muslim mystic and philosopher. . His emphasis was on the true potential of the human being and the path to realising that potential and becoming the perfect or complete man
Jala al-Din Rumi
Was a 13th-century Persian poet, jurist, theologian, and Sufi mystic.
Annihilation of self in god
a Muslim empire that lasted from the early 1400s until after WWI
Muslim state (1526-1857) exercising dominion over most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Shi'ite Muslim dynasty that ruled Persia between 16th and 18th centuries
Sulayman the Magnificent
the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566. personally led Ottoman armies to conquer the Christian strongholds of Belgrade, Rhodes, and most of Hungary before his conquests were checked at the Siege of Vienna in 1529.
Shah Abbas the great
Late 16th Century-Early 17th Century. The best known Shah. He centralized the government and created a powerful military force similar to the Janissaries of the Ottoman. He used a mixture of peace and war against the Ottomans, and created many alliances. He reduced taxes and encouraged the growth of industry.
Akbar the Great
Emperor of India known for religious tolerance
Muhamman Inb 'Abd al-Wahhab
Leader of Wahhabism, signed agreement with Saudi family in 1744.
Usman don Fodio
was one of a class of urbanized ethnic Fulani living in the Hausa States in what is today northern Nigeria. A teacher of the Maliki school of law and the Qadiriyyah order of Sufism,
a primary revivalist state in Africa founded by Usuuman dan Fodio who led a jihad in 1804 against traditional animists in the region. He came out successfully and in 1809 the new Muslim state was born. A constitution was made and the state was able to retain stability. It was a large step towards spreading Islam all across Africa.
Performing religious actions for social benefit. like doing extra prayers to impress others.
Following other humans blindly without asking for proof from Quran or Sunna
Belief in unity of god
Islamic art/geometric patterns that are repeated over and over
Stucco decorations of Islamic buildings in which "stalactite"-like decorations break up the structural appearance of arches. In the corners (think of pictures).
Frontal edifice of a vault
Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (d. 1897)
Modernist Salafi and activist
Muhammad 'Abduh (d. 1905)
Modernist salafi of Egypt
Sir Sayyed Ahmad Khan
Modernist, established Mohammadan Anglo-Oriental College at Aligarh, india
Ali Shariati (d. 1977 assassination)
Shaykh 'Ali Jum'a (Mufti of Egypt)
Shaykh Nasir al-Din al-Albani
Traditionalist Salafi Hadith scholar
Radical ideologue of the Egyptian Muslim brotherhood
Founder of the muslim brotherhood in Egypt
"occasions/circumstances of revelation
Nasikh and Mansukh
Abrogating and abrogated versus/hadith
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Verses used to justify way of thinking about Jihad
face covering, except eyes
Persian word for the black, tent like head scarf (Iran)
Full head and body covering
Egyptian feminist of the early 20th century