667ml of 25% and 333ml of 10%
If you have 25% dextrose and 10% dextrose, how many ml of each would you need to make 1000ml of a 20% solution?
An IV has been ordered to run at 2.5gtts/min. The IV contains 875mg of Amoxicillin in a total of 250ml. How many mg of Amoxicillin will be given to the patient per hour if the IV is set to deliver 15gtts/ml?
What is the term for the process by which substances are taken up and transported to the bloodstream?
If a prescription calls for 375mg of penicillin per day for 10 days how much of a 250mg/5ml suspension should be dispensed?
in left ear
The directions for a medication read, "i - ii gtts as q 4 h x 10 days". What is the meaning of "as"?
for the ear
A prescription reads "ii gtts au qid." What auxillary label should be affixed to the container?
If the dose for Quaifenesin is 2.5ml, how many doses will a patient receive if given a 12 ounce bottle?
The dose of Penicillin V for a 7 year old is 35mg/kg/day, divided into doses every 6 hours. How many mg/day should a 60lb child receive?
No interest if paid in full within 30 days
A phamacy receives a Cardinal Invoice reading "$6,000, net 30." Under those payment terms the pharmacy will be charged...
anticonvulsants that may be used to treat generalized seisures.
Phenytoin, Carbamazepine and Phenobarbital are all ____________.
If you pay $35 for Verapamil and the selling price is $50, what is the percentage markup based on cost?
The initial dose of Rebif is 0.7mg/kg/hr for 12 hours. How many ml of Rebif IV solution containing 400mg/ml would be needed for an adult male weighing 154lbs during this 12 hour period?
needs to be stored at room temperature, sublingual tablets need to be dispensed in original glass containers and must be replaced after 6 months of opening.
Some rules pertaining to Nitroglycerin tablets are as follows...
was exposed to excessive cold.
The appearance of crystals in a mannitol injection would indicate that the product ___________.
Which drug is used to prevent pregnant women with HIV from passing the virus to their babies?
A _____________ drug recall indicates that the product will cause serious adverse health conditions or death.
The process of reducing the size of particles and incorporating solids into lotions, creams and ointments. Also refers to the formation of a paste by adding small amounts of a liquid or ointment base to a powder with a spatula.
A product's NDC number is grouped into three sections. The first five digits identify...
if a D5W/.45% NS 1000ml solution is administered over 6 hours, how many ml/hr would you need to set the flow rate for?
The study of the rates at which drugs and their metabolites are absorbed into, distributed through and eliminated from the body.
A patient weighing 110lbs is ordered to recieve 5mcg/kg/min of an iv solution containing 600mg in 250ml D5W. The IV dose rate is ________.
A compound prescription requires using 10 Tetracycline capsules which cost $25 per 50 capsules and 100 gr of Triamcinolone ointment which costs $9 per pound. If there is a $4 dispensing fee what would the total cost be for this prescription?
An acetaminophen elixer is available in a 0.05mg/ml concentration. How many mls are needed for a 0.125mg dose?
177ml of 90% and 296ml of 10%
How much 90% alcohol must be mixed with 10% alcohol to make 473ml of a 40% alcohol solution?
Heparin 25,000U in 250 ml D5W is running through an administration set delivering 60gtts/ml. What is the flow rate required to deliver 15U/min?
A side effect of polonged use of a topical decongestant could be ___________________.
If 15g of a 1% Hydrocortisone ointment is combined with 30g of a 2.5% Hydrocortisone ointment, what is the resulting percentage strength of the final product?
A doctor orders 125mg/5ml Dilantin suspension to replace an order that reads "Dilantin 100mg, dispense #30, SIG: i tid." What quantity of the suspension should be dispensed?
How many tablets containing 250mg of Penicillin are needed to make 150ml suspension containing 100mg/ml?
A prescription for Coumadin 7.5mg reads "ii ts po bid x 3 days, ii ts po qd x 3 days, i t po qd x 2 days" How many tablets should be dispensed?
The process that moves a drug from the bloodstream to the area where it will exert its pharmacological effect is called what?
Side to side from back to front.
When cleaning a laminar flow hood, this is the method that should be used.
at least 6 inches
When preparing an IV solution is a laminar flow hood the technician should work at least this distance within the hood.
This is the process of reducing solids into fine particles by rubbing them with a mortar and pestle. It is used to reduce the size of particles and to blend powders.
50% of original up to 1 year
If a pharmacist asks a technician to repack bulk solid dosage forms into unit does packs, what expiration date should appear on the label?
enteric coated tablets
What dosage form is designed to dissolve in the intestines rather than the stomach?
categorized in same therapeutic class and produce the same therapeutic effect
Therapeutic equivalance means drugs are ________________________.
If the doctor ordered 100mg Dilantin qid, what's the total daily dose the patient will receive?
Suprax suspension is available in 75mg/5ml. If a prescription calls for 300mg of Suprax, how many mls need to be dispensed?
If a blood pressure monitor was found to cause temporary or medically reversible adverse health consequences which type of recall would this be classified as?
If Procrit is available in a 0.1mg.ml concentration, how many mls are needed for a 50mcg dose?
Hospitals or managed healthcare organizations list drugs that have been approved for use on the basis of therapeutic and economic consdierations. What is the common name of such a list?
An agent that promotes the discharge of mucus from the respiratory tract is called what?
Food and Drug Act of 1906
This prohibited interstate commerce in adulterated and misbranded food, drinks and drugs.
1938 Food Drug and Cosmetic Act
This came into effect because of fatal poisoning from liquid sulfanilamide, it required new drugs to be shown to be safe before marketing.
The manufacturer must follow _________ requirements to be able to market their drug without FDA new drug approval.
Remington, The Sceince and Practice of Pharmacy
This is the most comprehensive text covering pharmaceutical sciences.
Drug Facts and Comparisons
This provides comprehensive and timely drug information about prescriptions and OTC products.
Model Curriculum for Pharmacy Technician Traning
This is published by the ASHP (American Society of Health systems Pharmacists).
__________ literature contains condensed works based on primary literature such as textbooks and monographs.
Protected Health Information (PHI)
HIPAA, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act contains regulations related to what?
Schedule II, III, and IV drugs
Caution: Federal law prohibits the transfer of this drug to any person other than the patient for whom it was prescribed. This labe must appear on which prescription drugs?
This can occur when two drugs with similar pharmacological effects produce greater effects when taken together.
This can occur when two drugs with similar pharmacological actions reults in an effect equal to the sum of their individual effects.
Medical Device Amendment of 1976
This calls for classification, safety and efficacy of medical devices.
Orphan Drug Act of 1983
Passed for drugs that treat diseases that affect very few people to help with tax relief and other incentives for manufactures to develp and market such drugs.
Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984
Also known as Waxman Hatch Amendment, passed to make generic drugs more readily available to the public and provides more incentives to pharmacuetical companies to develop them.
OTC drug categories
Category I: includes generally safe, effective and not misbranded. Category II: includes ingredients that are not considred safe, effective and are misbranded. Category III: includes ingredients for which data is insufficient to permit classification.
FDA passed this law in 1970 that states certain drugs require a package insert indicating the uses, risks and precautions of such drugs. Some examples are Isotretinoin, Oral Contraceptives, Isoproterenol, Ticlopidine, Progesterone, Estrogen and Intrauterine Devices.
The final edge of the plunger piston should line up wtih the graduation mark on the barrel.
This is the technique to proper measuring with a syringe.
A patient is taking three 100mg capsules of phenytoin (Dilantin) each day. How much Phenytoin would the patient take in 20 days?
The amount of a drug that is availe to the site of action and the rate at which it is available is known as what?
proper aseptic techniques
Wearing a gown, wearing gloves and swabbing the vial with alcohol are all examples of what?
DEA and State Board of Pharmacy
According to federal law, in the event of suspected theft of a Shedule II medication the pharmacy is required to notify who?
This should be recommended by the pharmacist to treat simple headache in patients who are taking naproxen for inflammation.
central supply or materials management
The area of the hospital responsible for distributing supplies to all areas of the facility is called what?
other non-consulting activities
In a home care team the pharmacy technician may be involved with compounding, labeling deliver and _____________.
Stock such as large volume parenterals stored on a nursing unit that does not require specific labeling is called what?
Pharmacy and Therapuetics Committee
Consists of doctors, pharmacists, nurses and other health care professionals whose responsibilites inclue reviewing medications for the formulary and providing guidlines for medication use throughout the institution.
This includes state identification numbers and affiliations with facilities and insurers.
The pharmacuetical manufacturing industry devotes about ___ of its income to research and development.
The length of time from the beginning of development of a new drug to FDA approval is often more than __ years.
Two drugs that have the same active ingredients, same dossage form, same route of administration and same strength are said to be what?
30,000 member association for pharmacists practicing in hospitals, HMOs, long-term care facilities, home care agencies and other health care systems. It is an accrediting organization for pharmacy residency and pharmacy technician training programs.
United States Pharmacopeia
A voluntary non-profit organization that sets standards for the manufacture and distribution of drugs and related to products in the United States. These standards are directly referred to by federal and state laws.
JCAHO (Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health care Organizations)
A non-profit organization that establishes standards and monitors compliance for nearly twenty thousand health care programs in the United States, including hospitals, health care networks, HMOs and nursing homes.
ASCP (American Society for Consultant Pharmacists)
Sets standards for practice for pharmacists who provide medication distribution and consultatn services to nursing homes.
CMEA (Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act)
This federal law sets daily and monthly limits on OTC sale of pseudoephedrine and ephedrine.
Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914
This required that all manufacturers, importers and physicians prescribing narcotics be licensed and taxed.
OBRA (1990 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act)
Requires pharmacists to offer counseling to Medicaid patients.
This is the FDA reporting service for adverse effects that occur from use of approved drugs.
Red blood cells that trasport oxygen from the lungs to the body and carbon dioxidefrom the cells to the lungs.
hormones and modifiers
Insulins, estrogens and thyroid medications are all examples of this drug classification.
Antihistamines, decongestants, antitussives and bronchodilators are all classifications of drugs used to treat disorders related to this system of the body.
Sedatives are drugs that are intended to relax and calm. Antianxiety medications such as diazepam and chlordazepoxide are included in this group.
A decrease in hemoglobin or red blood cells. Hematopoietics are drugs that would be used to treat this condition.