PTCB Exam Study Sheets

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667ml of 25% and 333ml of 10%

If you have 25% dextrose and 10% dextrose, how many ml of each would you need to make 1000ml of a 20% solution?

35mg/hr

An IV has been ordered to run at 2.5gtts/min. The IV contains 875mg of Amoxicillin in a total of 250ml. How many mg of Amoxicillin will be given to the patient per hour if the IV is set to deliver 15gtts/ml?

Absorption

What is the term for the process by which substances are taken up and transported to the bloodstream?

75ml

If a prescription calls for 375mg of penicillin per day for 10 days how much of a 250mg/5ml suspension should be dispensed?

12:00AM 6/1/99

The expiration date on a bottle of Vicodin is 5/99. When does this drug expire?

qhs

What is the sig code for every night at bedtime?

in left ear

The directions for a medication read, "i - ii gtts as q 4 h x 10 days". What is the meaning of "as"?

480ml

The doctor prescribes Robitussin AC, one pint. How many mls are needed for one pint?

for the ear

A prescription reads "ii gtts au qid." What auxillary label should be affixed to the container?

hig blood pressure

Pseudoephidrine is contrandicated with which of the following?

144

If the dose for Quaifenesin is 2.5ml, how many doses will a patient receive if given a 12 ounce bottle?

special coating to prevent dissolution is stomach

What does enteric coated mean?

954mg/day

The dose of Penicillin V for a 7 year old is 35mg/kg/day, divided into doses every 6 hours. How many mg/day should a 60lb child receive?

100

How many 1 ounce bottles of Cheratussin can be made from a 3 liter container of Cheratussin?

No interest if paid in full within 30 days

A phamacy receives a Cardinal Invoice reading "$6,000, net 30." Under those payment terms the pharmacy will be charged...

Ibuprofen

This medication is an NSAID.

anticonvulsants that may be used to treat generalized seisures.

Phenytoin, Carbamazepine and Phenobarbital are all ____________.

2(b+d+f) + (a+c+e) = x (i.e AH1327142) **abcdefx

Formula for testing DEA #'s authenticity.

examples of Calcium Channel Blockers

Isoptin, Cardizem and Vascor are all _________________.

$15.00

If you pay $35 for Verapamil and the selling price is $50, what is the markup for the drug?

43%

If you pay $35 for Verapamil and the selling price is $50, what is the percentage markup based on cost?

30%

If you pay $35 for Verapamil and the selling price is $50, what is the percent gross profit?

147ml

The initial dose of Rebif is 0.7mg/kg/hr for 12 hours. How many ml of Rebif IV solution containing 400mg/ml would be needed for an adult male weighing 154lbs during this 12 hour period?

needs to be stored at room temperature, sublingual tablets need to be dispensed in original glass containers and must be replaced after 6 months of opening.

Some rules pertaining to Nitroglycerin tablets are as follows...

was exposed to excessive cold.

The appearance of crystals in a mannitol injection would indicate that the product ___________.

the bore

What does the gauge of a needle refer to?

Furosemide

This medication is a diuretic.

interfere with the absorption of iron.

Antacids, milk and Tetracycline can all __________________.

decongestant

Pseudoephedrine is classifed as a ____________.

30

66lbs is equal to __kg.

Amoxicillin-Dextromethorphan

A non-life threatening drug interaction could be _________________.

in the refrigerator.

Insulin should be stored _____________.

1:1

In what ratio should 50% alcohol be mixed with 10% alcohol to obtain a 30% alcohol solution?

0.625ml

If a vial of heparin contains 20,000U/ml, how many ml are needed for a 12,500U dose?

do not require a PPI each time they're dispensed.

Accutane, Premarin and Proventil

Zidovudine

Which drug is used to prevent pregnant women with HIV from passing the virus to their babies?

6

How many ounces would you be dispensing for a prescription requiring 180ml?

class I

A _____________ drug recall indicates that the product will cause serious adverse health conditions or death.

Levigation

The process of reducing the size of particles and incorporating solids into lotions, creams and ointments. Also refers to the formation of a paste by adding small amounts of a liquid or ointment base to a powder with a spatula.

2 - 8C

Storage requirements after reconstitution for ceclor 125mg5ml.

drug manufacturer

A product's NDC number is grouped into three sections. The first five digits identify...

acetaminophen

The preferred method for treating flu and fever in children is ____________.

30 minutes.

After turning off the laminar flow hood, how long must it be turned back on before use?

potassium sparing diuretics.

Amiloride, Spironolactone and Triamterene are all _______________.

167ml/hr

if a D5W/.45% NS 1000ml solution is administered over 6 hours, how many ml/hr would you need to set the flow rate for?

Pharmacokinetics

The study of the rates at which drugs and their metabolites are absorbed into, distributed through and eliminated from the body.

60

1 grain is equal to ___ mg.

0.25mg/min

A patient weighing 110lbs is ordered to recieve 5mcg/kg/min of an iv solution containing 600mg in 250ml D5W. The IV dose rate is ________.

0.6ml

A drug is available in a concentration of 50mg/10ml. How many ml are needed for a 3mg dose.

the people in the room.

A major source of contamination in a clean room is ___________.

$10.89

A compound prescription requires using 10 Tetracycline capsules which cost $25 per 50 capsules and 100 gr of Triamcinolone ointment which costs $9 per pound. If there is a $4 dispensing fee what would the total cost be for this prescription?

22 micron

What is the appropriate size HEPA filter used in a laminar flow hood?

2.5ml

An acetaminophen elixer is available in a 0.05mg/ml concentration. How many mls are needed for a 0.125mg dose?

177ml of 90% and 296ml of 10%

How much 90% alcohol must be mixed with 10% alcohol to make 473ml of a 40% alcohol solution?

9gtts/min

Heparin 25,000U in 250 ml D5W is running through an administration set delivering 60gtts/ml. What is the flow rate required to deliver 15U/min?

loss of potassium

A common side effect of diuretic therapy is _____________.

rebound congestion.

A side effect of polonged use of a topical decongestant could be ___________________.

2%

If 15g of a 1% Hydrocortisone ointment is combined with 30g of a 2.5% Hydrocortisone ointment, what is the resulting percentage strength of the final product?

685ml

How much water should be added 95% ethanol to make 1 liter of a 30% ethanol solution?

120ml

A doctor orders 125mg/5ml Dilantin suspension to replace an order that reads "Dilantin 100mg, dispense #30, SIG: i tid." What quantity of the suspension should be dispensed?

60

How many tablets containing 250mg of Penicillin are needed to make 150ml suspension containing 100mg/ml?

Tenormin

This drug is classifed as a beta blocking agent.

20

A prescription for Coumadin 7.5mg reads "ii ts po bid x 3 days, ii ts po qd x 3 days, i t po qd x 2 days" How many tablets should be dispensed?

Distribution

The process that moves a drug from the bloodstream to the area where it will exert its pharmacological effect is called what?

Side to side from back to front.

When cleaning a laminar flow hood, this is the method that should be used.

diuretics.

Bumex, Dyazide and Lasix are classifed as _____________.

at least 6 inches

When preparing an IV solution is a laminar flow hood the technician should work at least this distance within the hood.

narcotic analgesics

Codeine, Percocet and Demerol are all classified as what?

Warfarin-Aspirin

An example of a major drug-drug interaction would be what?

Beta-antagonists

Albuterol, Bitolterol and Metaproterenol are all classified as _______________.

Antitussive

Destromethorphan is classified as what?

Trituration

This is the process of reducing solids into fine particles by rubbing them with a mortar and pestle. It is used to reduce the size of particles and to blend powders.

Antiarrythmic

Lanoxin would be classified into which category?

50% of original up to 1 year

If a pharmacist asks a technician to repack bulk solid dosage forms into unit does packs, what expiration date should appear on the label?

enteric coated tablets

What dosage form is designed to dissolve in the intestines rather than the stomach?

refrigerator

Phenergan suppositores should be stored where?

1/30

2mg = x grains, x = ?

it will not accumulate in the body.

When a vitamin is water soluble it means ______.

antacid

Calcium Carbonate is classified as a/an ____________.

categorized in same therapeutic class and produce the same therapeutic effect

Therapeutic equivalance means drugs are ________________________.

isopropyl alcohol.

When cleaning a laminar flow hood which solution should be used?

400mg

If the doctor ordered 100mg Dilantin qid, what's the total daily dose the patient will receive?

hypertension

Alpha and beta blockers and diuretics are all used to treat what?

NSAID

What classification best describes Fenoprofen, Ketoprofen and Ibuprofen?

FDA

Regulates drug quality.

Shedule II

Codiene and Oxycodone are both classified as _______________ drugs.

as needed

The SIG code PRN means what?

20ml

Suprax suspension is available in 75mg/5ml. If a prescription calls for 300mg of Suprax, how many mls need to be dispensed?

Class II

If a blood pressure monitor was found to cause temporary or medically reversible adverse health consequences which type of recall would this be classified as?

under the tongue

The directions for use of Hyoscamine read "i-ii sl prn" what does "sl" mean?

0.5ml

If Procrit is available in a 0.1mg.ml concentration, how many mls are needed for a 50mcg dose?

antibiotics

Biaxin, Cefzil and Zithromax are all classified as what?

1 tablespoon

If a prescription reads "iii teaspoonfuls" what would another way be to write it?

Narcotic

A drug that induces insensibility and relieves pain but is also addicting would be what?

2

30 grains = x grams, x = ?

Formulary

Hospitals or managed healthcare organizations list drugs that have been approved for use on the basis of therapeutic and economic consdierations. What is the common name of such a list?

ipecac syrup

What medication may be given to induce vomiting?

Expectorant

An agent that promotes the discharge of mucus from the respiratory tract is called what?

Antihistamine

Astemizole, Fexofenadine and Loratidine would all fit into this classification.

Young's Rule for Child's Dosing

age in years/ (age in years + 12) x adult dose= childs dose

Clark's Rule for Child's Dosing

weight/150 x adult dose = childs dose

dialysis

The movement of particles in a solution through permeaable membranes is called what?

keep blood from clotting in the device

Why is Heparin used in a herarin lock?

Fleming

_________ discovered penicillin could kill some bacteria.

1951 Durham-Humphrey Amendment

This defined what drugs require a prescription.

Food and Drug Act of 1906

This prohibited interstate commerce in adulterated and misbranded food, drinks and drugs.

1938 Food Drug and Cosmetic Act

This came into effect because of fatal poisoning from liquid sulfanilamide, it required new drugs to be shown to be safe before marketing.

Justice Department

The DEA is located within this branch of the US Government.

monograph

The manufacturer must follow _________ requirements to be able to market their drug without FDA new drug approval.

state board of Pharmacy.

Responsible for pharmacist licensing in each state.

IND (Investigational New Drug)

During clinical trials a propsed drug is called what?

Kefauver-Harris Amendment

This requires drug manufacturers to provide proof of safety and efficacy.

Martindale, The Complete Drug Reference

Where you'd find information on a drug from England.

Pharmacy Times

An example of a trade journal would be this.

The Merck Index

This is an encyclopedic source of chemical substance data.

Remington, The Sceince and Practice of Pharmacy

This is the most comprehensive text covering pharmaceutical sciences.

NDC

The drug manufacturer assigns this to each drug it produces.

Drug Facts and Comparisons

This provides comprehensive and timely drug information about prescriptions and OTC products.

Model Curriculum for Pharmacy Technician Traning

This is published by the ASHP (American Society of Health systems Pharmacists).

Goodman and Gilman's

This is the name of the principal pharmacology text.

three

The USP DI has this many volumes.

The Red Book

This provides national recognized AWP's and NDC's for FDA approved drugs.

Tertiary

__________ literature contains condensed works based on primary literature such as textbooks and monographs.

Protected Health Information (PHI)

HIPAA, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act contains regulations related to what?

Schedule II, III, and IV drugs

Caution: Federal law prohibits the transfer of this drug to any person other than the patient for whom it was prescribed. This labe must appear on which prescription drugs?

au

both ears

ou

both eyes

as

left ear

ad

right ear

os

left eye

od

right eye

insurer

In managed care, care is managed by who?

20 hours, 2 years

CPhTs need _____ of continuing education ever ____ years to renew certification.

patenting

This protects against illegal copying of new discoveries.

Necrosis

The death of cells is referred to as what?

minimum effective concentration

This is the blood concentration needed to produce a response.

1-2

the stomach's pH is around ____.

Idosyncratic

This type of reaction can occur the first time a drug is given to a patient.

Synergism

This can occur when two drugs with similar pharmacological effects produce greater effects when taken together.

Additive effects

This can occur when two drugs with similar pharmacological actions reults in an effect equal to the sum of their individual effects.

rapidly

Children between the ages of 1 and 12 metabolize certain drugs more _________ than adults.

Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906

This protects people from unsanitary and poorly labled food.

Medical Device Amendment of 1976

This calls for classification, safety and efficacy of medical devices.

Orphan Drug Act of 1983

Passed for drugs that treat diseases that affect very few people to help with tax relief and other incentives for manufactures to develp and market such drugs.

Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984

Also known as Waxman Hatch Amendment, passed to make generic drugs more readily available to the public and provides more incentives to pharmacuetical companies to develop them.

OTC drug categories

Category I: includes generally safe, effective and not misbranded. Category II: includes ingredients that are not considred safe, effective and are misbranded. Category III: includes ingredients for which data is insufficient to permit classification.

PPI

FDA passed this law in 1970 that states certain drugs require a package insert indicating the uses, risks and precautions of such drugs. Some examples are Isotretinoin, Oral Contraceptives, Isoproterenol, Ticlopidine, Progesterone, Estrogen and Intrauterine Devices.

barrel and plunger

What are the two main parts of a syringe?

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