is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers (eg. USA - House of Representatives and the Senate).
party loyalists selected by their local parties to represent their states at the national convention.
a change made to a previously adopted law.
the ability of both state and federal governments to make their own laws. Federalism is a system in which the power to govern is shared between national and central (state) governments.
Bill of Rights
the first set of changes to the Constitution. Consisting of 10 amendments, it protects the civil rights and liberties from interference by the government and other citizens
(eg. Second Amendment - the right to keep and bear arms).
head of a governmental department and who is the most senior public servant in a department (eg. Secretary of State - Hillary Clinton).
the expectation that members of a political party will behave in a disciplined fashion and support their party publicly and vote with their party on all occasions.
the right and capacity to reject, prohibit, prevent, block or refuse to give consent. The US President can veto legislation passed by the Congress, and in turn the US Congress can veto the president's veto.
Checks and Balances
branches of government keeping watch over each other's powers.
a huge party held for both the Republican and Democratic Parties, where each person officially accepts the nomination as the party's candidate for the Presidential election in November.
is the formal mechanism for removing the President of the United States from office before the end of his term of office due to alleged misconduct or for bringing the office of President into disrepute.
people who try to persuade government decision-makers on behalf of a pressure group
(eg. lobbyists acting for the Tobacco industry).
a method of indirect popular election of the President of the United States, whereby US voters elect the members of the electoral college, who in turn elect the President. A total of 270 Electoral College votes is required in a Presidential election to become President of the US.
section of a legal document that deal with particular points.
a district or state that is represented by a member of the House of Representatives or the Senate.