Skeletal System (Medical Terms)

Created by matt_miller2 

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acroarthritis

inflammation of the joints of the hands or feet

ankylosis

abnormal condition of stiffening of a joint

arthritis

inflammation of a joint

calcaneal

pertaining to the heel bone

chondral

pertaining to cartilage

coccygodynia

pain in the coccyx

costal

pertaining to rib

craniectomy

surgical excision of a portion of the skull

dactylic

pertaining to finger or toe

osteotome

surgical instrument used for cutting bone

intercostal

pertaining to between two ribs

ischialgia

pain in the hip

lumbar

pertaining to the loins

myeloma

tumor of the bone marrow

osteoarthritis

inflammation of the bone and joint

osteomyelitis

inflammation of the bone marrow

osteopenia

deficiency of bone tissue

pedal

pertaining to the foot

xiphoid

literally means resembling a sword

arthroscope

surgical instrument used to examine the interior of a joint

carpal tunnel syndrome

abnormal condition caused by compression of the median nerve by the carpal ligament

fixation

making rigid, immobilizing

gout

hereditary metabolic disease that is a form of acute arthritis

hammertoe

an acquired flexion deformity of the interphalangeal joint

kyphosis

normal thoracic curvature becomes exaggerated, "humpback"

metacarpal

pertaining to the bones in the hand

rickets

abnormal condition that can occur in children and is caused by vitamin D deficiency

tennis elbow

chronic conditon of elbow pain due to excessive pronation and supination of forearm

ulnar

pertaining to the elbow

congenital dislocation of hip

CDH

degenerative joint disease

DJD

long leg cast

LLC

osteoarthritis

OA

pulsing electromagnetic fields

PEMFS

rheumatoid arthritis

RA

single photon emission computed tomography

SPECT

first thoracic vertebrae

T1

temperomandibular joint

TMJ

traction

Tx

six main functions of bones

framework, protection, storage of minerals, formation of blood cells, provide attachment areas, articulation to allow movement

epiphysis

ends of developing bone

diaphysis

shaft of a long bone

periosteum

membrane that forms the covering

compact bone

dense, hard layer of bone tissue

medullary canal

narrow space in diaphysis

endosteum

touch conn. tissue lining medullary canal

cancellous or spongy bone

reticular tissue that makes up most of the volume of bone

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