Medical Terminology Chapter 10 Musculoskeletal System

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ankyl/o

stiffness; bent, crooked

arthr/o

joint

burs/o

bursa

carp/o

carpals (wrist bones)

cervic/o

neck

chondr/o

cartilage

clavicul/o

clavicle

cost/o

rib

crani/o

skull

dactyl/o

digits (fingers and toes)

femor/o

femur (thigh bone)

fibul/o

fibula (lower leg bone)

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

humer/o

humerus (upper arm bone)

ili/o

ilium (flared portion of hip bone)

ischi/o

ischium (lower portion of hip bone)

kyph/o

hill, mountain

lamin/o

lamina (part of vertebral arch)

lord/o

curve, swayback

lumb/o

loins, lower back

metacarp/o

metacarpals (hand bones)

metatars/o

metatarsals (foot bones)

muscul/o, my/o

muscle

myel/o

bone marrow; spinal cord

orth/o

straight

oste/o

bone

patell/o

patella (kneecap)

ped/o, ped/i

child; foot

pelv/i

pelvis

phalang/o

phalanges (finger, toe bones)

pod/o

foot

pub/o

pubis (pelvis bone)

radi/o

radius (lower arm bone); radiation, x-ray

rhabdomy/o

striated muscle

scapul/o

scapula (shoulder blade)

scoli/o

crooked, bent

spondyl/o

vertebra (disorders)

stern/o

sternum (breastbone)

synov/o

synovium, synovial fluid

tars/o

tarsals (ankle bones)

tendin/o, tend/o, ten/o

tendon

thorac/o

chest

tibi/o

tibia (shin bone)

uln/o

ulna (lower arm bone)

vertebr/o

vertebra (structure)

-asthenia

weakness

-blast

embryonic cell

-cele

hernia

-clasia, clasis

to break; surgical fracture

-desis

blinding, fixation of a bone or joint

-ism

condition

-listhesis

slipping

-malacia

softening

-physis

growth

-poiesis

formation, production

-porosis

porous

-scopy

visual examination

inter-

between

supra-

above; excessive; superior

syn-

together

ACL

anterior cruciate ligament

AE

above the elbow

AK

above the knee

BE

barium enema; below the elbow

BK

below the knee

C1, C2, and so on

first cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra, and so on

Ca

calcium; cancer

CDH

congenital dislocation of the hip

CTS

carpal tunnel syndrome

CT

computed tomography

DEXA, DXA

dual energy x-ray absorptiometry

DJD

degenerative joint disease

EMG

electromyography

Fx

fracture

MG

myasthenia gravis

HD

hemodialysis; hip disarticulation; hearing distance

HNP

herniated nucleus pulposus (herniated disk)

HP

hemipelvectomy

IS

intracostal space

IM

intramuscular; infectious mononucleosis

IV

intravenous

KD

knee disarticulation

L1, L2, and so on

first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra, and so on

LS

lumbarsacral spine

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

MS

musculoskeletal; multiple sclerosis; mental status; mitral stenosis

NSAIDs

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

ORTH, ortho

orthopedics

P

phosphorus; pulse

PCL

posterior cruciate ligament

RA

rheumatoid arthritis; right atrium

RF

rheumatoid factor; radio frequency

ROM

range of motion

SD

shoulder disarticulation

THA

total hip arthroplasty

THR

total hip replacement

TKA

total knee arthroplasty

TKR

total knee replacement

TRAM

transverse rectus abdominis muscle

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