Art Appreciation

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Test # 1

The word art encompasses many meanings, including process. Which of the following is considered an artistic process?

Human capacity

Examining a work of art in its historical, social and political _______ enables you to better understand it.

Context

What civilization was obsessed with its idea of beauty, and developed mathematical formulas for sculpting the human body so it would achieve ideal perfection?

Classical Greeks

The 16th century artist Leonardo da Vinci produced what is perhaps the most famous painting in the history of Western art. This painting is known as _______.

Mona Lisa

Glass sculptor Dale Chihuly's Fiordi Como, located in Las Vegas Bellagio Hotel, is a 70 foot-long ceiling piece reminiscent of the shapes and brilliant colors of Venice's renowned _______ glass.

Murano

Mexican artist Frida Kahlo is best known for her extremely realistic and often anguished _______.

Self-portraits

Until modern times, art works have been primaril devoted to _______ themes.

Religious

Marc Chagall's self-portrait I and the Village can be best described as a depiction of_______.

Fantasy

An anti-commercial movement begun in the 1960's in which works of art are conceived and executed in the mind of the artist is known as ____________.

Pop art

In his famous 1907 photograph, Alfred Stieglitz captures the juxtaposition of the upper and lower classes on board the Kaiser Wilhelm II ship. This photograph is titled _________.

The steerage

In art, a __________ is usually defined as a moving dot and is both the simplest and most complex of the visual elements.

Line

In works with ________, the lines are completed by the viewer.

Implied Line

________creates the illusion of roundness or three dimensional through the use of light and shadow on a two-dimensional surface.

Modeling

______are formed when intersecting or connected lines enclosed space.

Shapes

The _____shaped of an artistic composition is considered the background.

Negative

From the Italian for "light-dark", what term is sometimes used in place of the word modeling?

Chiaroscuro

A triangular glass solid that breaks down sunlight or white light into different colors is called a ______.

Prism

The colors opposite each other on the color wheel are _____.

Complementary

Actual texture is primarily experienced through the sense of _______.

Touch

David Gilhooly's Bowl of Chocolate Moose seems gooey and edible. It is a visual pun that employs the use of a technique known as ______.

Trompe l'oeil

The process of organizing the visual elements to achieve a desired aesthetic in a work of art is known as______.

Design

Although there is much variety amongst the characters in Archilbald Motley Jr's Saturday Night, the overall composition is unified by ______.

a glowing red color field

When artists focus on the unity of ideas and meaning in their work rather than the visual and compostional elements. they are pursuing______.

Focal points

Unlike two-dimensional compositions, three-dimensional objects such as sculptures often have

Actual balance

In art, _________refers to the distribution of the actual or apparent weight of the compositional elements.

Balance

Pictorial balance can be found in which of the following?

Leonardo da Vinci's Proportion of the human figure

Leonardo da Vinci's Proportion of the human figure can best be considered an example of ________.

bilateral symmetry

Andy Warhol's grid-based composition, Ethel Scull Thirty-six Times, exhibits_____due to the multidimensional and varied views of Scull's personality and expressions.

Variety within unity

_______is often a major design element in art forms such as ceramics, basketry, jewelry, and stained glass.

radical balance

In family of Saltimbanques, Picasso places visual emphasis on the seated woman in the painting though

Isolation

_____refers to a distinctive handling of elements and media associated with the work of an individual artist, a school or movement, or a specific culture or period.

Style

Roy Lichtenstein's Forget it, Forget me! is an example of Pop Art that has the visual appearance of a____________.

Comic strip

The setting of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec's The Two Girlfriends takes place in

Turn-of-the-century-Paris

Context has a profound influence on style. Artworks are very much a product of __________.

Their culture at a moment in time

_____refers to the portrayal of people and things as they actually are, with no idealization or distortion,

Realism

____is both a very realistic portrait of rural life in America and an icon of American art due to its many commercial reproductions on cereal boxes, greeting cards, posters, and the like,

Grant Wood's American Gothic

The couple in Lichtenstein's Forget it, Forget me! are not very realistic but they are clearly recognizable. The painting is therefore a good example of ______.

representational art

In expressionistic art, the artist intentionally distorts colors are forms in the composition in order to achieve an______.

Heightened emotional impact

Donna Rosenthal's male and female "He said, she said" are

pages of discarded book and newspapers

Compositions such as Barbara Hepworth's Two figures are termed______because they make no reference at all to nature reality.

Nonobjective

French multimedia performance artist is

Orlan

_____refers to color, line, shape and texture.

Visual elements

The need to fulfill one's unique potential is_____.

Self Actualization

A display of the harmony of Zen Buddhism is_______.

Japanese Sand Garden

Found objects turned into art are___________.

Readymade

1960's are depicting commercial and common place images is called_______.

Pop art

An organized collection of ideas is referred to as _____.

Ideology

A priest or medicine man could be referred to as a

Shaman

Marcel Duchamp's "Fountain" is readymade produced from a__________.

Urinal

Regular and precise refers to_____.

Pureness

If something is without clear shape of form it is____.

Amorphous

Visual ambiguity is

Figure-ground reversal

Color is

Hue

Neutral color is

Achromatic

A thick buildup of paint is

Impasto

Referring to location of the viewer's eyes is

Vantage point

______geometicizes organic forms.

Cubism

_____is created by adding white to a color.

Tint

In "La Source", Prud' hon's nude figure us

Carefully modeled and three dimensional

Orderly progressions refers to

Rhythm

When designs elements radiate from a center point an object is said to have_____.

Radical Balance

A specific part of a composition which seizes the viewer's interest is called

Focal point

Oneness or wholeness refers to

Unity

The length is 2.236 times its width refers to

Root five rectangle

When we talk about the relationship of the size of the parts to the whole that is referring to_____.

Proportion

Doryphoros is_____.

Spear-bearer

The easiest and most precise way to create rhythm in an artwork is to have_____.

Regular repetition

When referring to relative size compared to other objects you are dealing with_____.

Scale

Using relative size to indicate relative importance of figures being depicted is______.

Hierarchical scaling

Constantini Brancusi made which of the following?

The kiss

Judy Pfaff made which of the following?

Voodoo

Grant Wood made which of the following?

American Gothic

Toulouse-Lautree made which of the following?

The two girlfriends

Donna Rosenthal made which of the following?

Ken Moody and Robert Sherman

Roy Lichtenstein made which of the following?

Forget it, Forget me!

"The Oath of Horati" was painted by

Jacques-Louis David

When an artwork makes no reference to reality or nature it is called______.

Representational

In his painting (Semekazi, Migrant Miseries)_________uses images and objects to communicate a tragic story of apartheid rule.

Willie Bester

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