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Marshall Islands

Site of the first test of the Hydrogen Bomb

Integrated Circuit

Made advances in computer technology possible

John Foster Dulles

Believed only the threat of nuclear war would stop the Soviets

Beat Generation

Rejected many norms of American Society

Nuclear Fallout

Dangerous product of a nuclear explosion

Summit

A meeting of government heads

Air Force

Grew substantially in the 1950s because of advances in military technology

Levittown

Community of inexpensive homes built in the suburbs

Operation Alert

Proved that a nuclear attack would leave millions dead

CIA

conducted secret actions against foreign targets

"Affluent Society"

Used to describe an America overly focused on its own wealth

Satellite

An object put in orbit around the Earth

Jonas Salk

developed the Polio vaccine

Nikita Khrushchev

Emerged as the new leader of the Soviet Union after Stalin's death

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Promised to travel to Korea and end the war if elected

Interstate Highway System

Ambitious building project of the 1950s

ICBMs

developed to deliver powerful nuclear weapons

SEATO

Organization created to resist Communist aggression in Asia

Richard Nixon

made the Checkers speech to apologize for accepting money

Brinkmanship

going to the brink of war without actually getting into war

Massive retaliation

use of overwhelming force against the Soviets to settle a serous conflict

Warsaw Pact

Military alliance between Soviet dominated countries of Eastern Europe

Eisenhower Doctrine

The right of the US to help, on request, against communist expansion

Sputnik

First artificial satellite

NASA

Agency responsible for exploring outer space

Duck and Cover

Educational film designed to protect school age students in case of a nuclear explosion

Laika

First animal to orbit the Earth

Lucille Ball

Star of famous TV comedy "I Love Lucy"

Sunbelt

area where people started to settle because of its warmer climate

Albe and Baker

First animals to survive a space flight (US flight)

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