Art History I (ARH2050) Ch 1-6 questions

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Quiz questions

Chauvet Cave is located in __________.

Southern France

The word "Neolithic" means __________.

New Stone

Archaeologists link the emergence of image making to the arrival of __________.

Homo sapiens sapiens

Representational images began appearing in Australia, Africa, and Europe beginning approximately __________ years ago.

40,000

Prehistoric people often coated their floors with powdered __________.

Ocher

The Lion-Human sculpture from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany is made of __________.

Mammoth Ivory

The Woman from Brassempouy captures the true essence of a head, also called the __________ __________.

memory image

The earliest known prehistoric cave painting site was discovered in 1994 and is called __________.

Chauvet

Small-scale female sculptures from the Upper Paleolithic period were once called __________figures, which implied a religious association, although this has not yet been proven.

Venus

Walls of woven branches that were covered with mud or clay, or ______ and______ was a common building technique used in central Europe during the Neolithic period.

Wattle; Daub

The simplest form of construction used to span space is __________-and-__________.

post; lintel

The word megalithic means __________.

large stone

Stonehenge was created in __________ phases of construction and activity, starting in 3000 BCE during the Neolithic Period and stretching over a millennium and a half into the Bronze Age.

eight

Stonehenge was built in __________-and-__________ construction.

Post; Lintel

The lintels of Stonehenge are secured by __________-and-__________ joints.

Mortise; Tenon

Bronze is an alloy of __________ and __________.

Tin; Copper

The term ______________includes all of human existence prior to the emergence of writing.

prehistory

Prehistory includes all of human existence prior to the development of ___________.

Written Records

Modern humans first appeared in ____________.

Africa

Which Neolithic site is an example of a passage grave?

Newgrange

Handprints at the cave at Pech-Merle were probably created using what technique?

Spraying paint onto the cave wall.

King Tutankhamen's mummified body was enclosed in three nested coffins with the innermost made of __________.

Gold

Egyptian history is divided into __________.

Dynasties

The Egyptian life spirit or life force is called the __________.

Ka

A (An) __________ is literally a "city of the dead."

Necropolis

__________ is the first architect known in history by name.

Imhotep

Egypt's most famous pyramids are the ones at __________.

Giza

The Great Sphinx is thought to be a portrait of __________.

Khafre

The Great Hall at Karnak has massive __________capitals on the columns supporting the raised, center part of the roof.

Papyrus

The female pharaoh __________ left the great legacy of Egyptian monuments.

Hatshepsut

King Tutankhamun's tomb was found in the_________.

Valley of the Kings

Which object commemorates the unification of Egypt and signals the beginning of the dynastic period?

The Palette of Narmer

According to legend, the early Egyptian kings were gods who ruled on earth. The conventions governing ancient Egyptian art changed _____________ over its three-thousand year history.

Very Little

Scholars determined the name of the figures depicted on the Palette of Narmer from ___________.

Hieroglyphics

An Egyptian convention used for representing the human figure was to show eyes and torsos ___________.

Frontally

Canopic jars were special containers in tombs were used to hold __________.

Bodily organs

Standing figures in Egyptian art are typically shown __________.

In Stride

Egyptian sculptors relied on ____________to guide them in proportioning the human figures when carving reliefs

A squared Grid

Beni Hasan on the east bank of the Nile is the site of many ______________.

Rock Cut Tombs

The hypostyle hall at Karnak was filled with ____________decorated with painted pictorial reliefs and inscriptions.

Columns

Sculptures portraying Hatshepsut as a __________reflect the power of tradition and artistic convention in Egypt.

Male King

About 3,500 years ago, the city of __________, now called Santorini, was destroyed by a volcanic eruption.

Akrotiri

The archeologist __________ located and excavated Troy.

Schliemann

The wall painting Girl Gathering Saffron Crocus Flowers (Fig. 4-1) demonstrates Aegean cultural practices related to ____________.

A Woman's Entry into Adolescence

Which of the following is characteristic of Kamares ware?

ts extreme thinness

The technique of painting on a wet plaster surface is called __________.

Buon fresco

In about 1450 BCE, people called the __________, from mainland Greece, arrived in Crete and overtook the Minoans.

Mycenaeans

Minoan cities were generally unfortified; on the other hand, the Mycenaeans constructed strongholds of megaliths called __________ to protect their palaces.

Citadels

The large above-ground burial places of Mycenae are called tholos tombs or __________.

beehive tombs

The term _________describes the precisely cut blocks used to build Mycenaean tholos tombs.

Ashlar

Wall paintings found at Akrotiri reveal the bright colors, natural forms and sophisticated decorative sense characteristic of _________ art

Minoan

Cycladic marble figures were originally ___________.

painted

Cycladic sculptors created marble statues of nude women that ALL ______________

conform to the same design system

According to the text, Minoan artists were known for their accomplishments in what medium?

ceramics

The term "Labyrinth" applied to the "palace" at Knossos originally referred to the building's____________.

double-axe decorative motif

The Bull's-Head Rhyton (Fig. 4-9) would have been used _____________.

to pour ritual libations

Archeologists studying Mycenaean culture rely on the ___________of the citadel site for their information.

foundations

Mycenaean tholos tombs are popularly called ______tombs because of their rounded, conical shape.

beehive

The sculpted animals on the Mycenaean Lion Gate occupy the triangular space formed by what architectural component?

the corbelled arch

The earliest tomb structures on mainland Greece are _________, deep vertical pits where ruling families laid out their dead.

shaft graves

What building method was used to create the conical roof structure that characterizes tholos tombs?

Corbelling

The sculptor Polykleitos wrote a treatise called __________ that specified a set of rules for constructing what he considered to be the ideal human figure.

The Canon

The Propylaia was a monumental entrance to the Athenian acropolis, which also housed one of the earliest known _______.

museums

The __________ period is named for the influence of Egypt, the Near East, and Asia Minor on Greek art.

Orientalizing

The Classical period is subdivided into three phases: the __________, __________, and __________ Classical period.

Early, High; Late

The sculpture Man and Centaur ( Fig. 5-3) exemplifies the __________style.

Geometric

The three orders of Greek architecture are the __________, __________, and __________ order.

Doric; Ionic; Corinthian

Which of the following would NOT be seen in a Greek kore figure?

nudity

The beautiful black-figure vase of Dionysos with Maenads ( Fig. 5-21) by the Amasis Painter exemplifies a vase shape called a(n) __________.

amphora

______________refers to presenting standing figures with opposing alternations of tension and relaxation around a central axis, a convention that dominates Greek Classical art.

Contrapposto

The word __________ means a part of a city on top of a hill.

acropolis

Which term applies to the earliest period of Greek art?

Orientalizing

What building material became popular for Greek temples in the Archaic period?

stone and marble

Although caryatids appear in the place of columns at the Treasury of the Siphnians in Delphi ( Fig. 5-7), the structure's continuous frieze indicates use of the ________order.

Ionic

Greek kouroi figures were commissioned as ___________.

commemorative objects

In both red- and black- figure vase painting techniques, the areas that were painted with slip would be ________after firing.

black

Where was Phideas's large ivory and gold statue of Athena located in the Parthenon?

the cella

______________was used to create more realistic facial details of the Riace Warriors ( Fig. 5-26).

Inlaid glass and metal

In contrast to Greek art of the High Classical period, ________________became popular subject matter in the late 4th century.

dramatic narratives

White-ground technique is most common on vessels used for ___________.

funerary purposes

What feature(s) do Greek kouroi and standing figures in Egyptian art have in common?

a rigid, upright stance

Which feature of Etruscan temples most resembled temples built in Greece?

the columns and entablature

The Etruscans often decorated their tombs to resemble_____________.

rooms in their homes

Changes in Roman burial practice in the second and third centuries led to commissions of elaborately decorated _______.

sarcophagi

Housing in a Roman city was made up of apartment blocks called __________.

insulae

What was the function of the colossal statue of Constantine the Great (Fig. 6-66)?

It served as a permanent stand-in for the emperor.

The Roman home generally consisted of small rooms arranged around one or two open courts called the __________ and the __________.

atrium; peristyle

The study of what part of Roman homes had been neglected until 1973?

the gardens

The Flavian Amphitheater (Fig. 6-41) is also known as the "Colosseum" because of __________.

the statue of Nero that stood next to it

Roman artists created beautiful mosaic panels called __________ in their workshops and then installed them in the desired location.

emblemata

The Baths of Caracalla (Fig. 6-55; -56) are laid out on a __________plan.

symmetrical

What motif commonly appears in Etruscan tomb painting?

Scenes of festive leisure activities

The decoration of Etruscan tombs suggests a _________ attitude towards death and the afterlife.

celebratory

The Etruscan's production of large-scale sculpture using ________ demonstrates exceptional technical skills.

terra-cotta

Which metalworking technique was used to decorate bronze Etruscan citae?

engraving

An artistic ideal emerged in Roman portraiture during the Republican period that emphasized_____________.

distinguishing features and the effects of aging

The dramatic action of the Gemma Augustea (Fig. 6-19) reflects the influence of ___________art.

Hellenistic

The paintings in House of the Vetii (Fig. 6-25) ________________.

resemble framed pictures hung on the wall

Artists decorating the Villa at Boscoreale used ___________to create the illusion of cityscapes seen off in the distance.

intrinsic perspective

What distinctly Roman structure served as both commemorative sculpture and an architectural gateway for parades?

the triumphal arch

What technological innovation allowed the Romans to create the curved walls of the Pantheon?

concrete

The Greeks called __________ the "land between the rivers."

Mesopotamia

The Sumerians invented the first system of writing called ______________.

cuneiform

In the Stele of Naram-Sin (Fig. 2-1), what artistic device is used to signal Naram-Sin's importance and reinforce his divine right to rule?

Hieratic scale

The most impressive surviving archeological remains of the Sumerians is the __________.

Ziggurat

Sumerians used the hard, rock __________ for identifying documents and establishing property ownership.

cylinder seals

Mesopotamian sculptors told stories clearly and economically by organizing visual narratives in horizontal bands called________________.

Registers

The Stele of Hammurabi is significant as both a work of ancient Mesopotamian art and as __________.

An historical document recording a written code of law

Which of the following materials was NOT used in the Great Lyre with Bull's Head (pages 34-35)?

alabaster

In the many votive statues commissioned by Gudea, he is represented as ____________________.

a strong and peaceful ruler

The Neo-Babylonians used turquoise, blue, and gold __________to form the symbolic images covering the Ishtar Gate.

glazed bricks

What is a key problem with fresco secco?

The pigment may eventually flake off

The desire of Greek artists to _________existing artistic trends resulted in dramatic stylistic changes over the course of a few centuries.

improve upon

The term "Pausian" refers to ______________.

opulent floral borders in paintings and mosaics

The Porta Augusta (Fig. 6-2) is architecturally significant for its use of ___________, which anticipates Roman building practices.

a barrel vault

Relief carvings on the Arch of Constantine (Fig. 6-62) demonstrate a stylistic shift in art of the fourth century that was characterized by _____________.

a flattened, hierarchical approach to representation

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