5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Commedia dell'arte
- Satiric comedy
- closet drama
- a A form of comic drama developed by guilds of professional Italian actors in the mid-16th century. Playing stock characters, masked players improvised diaologue around a given scenarios (with a brief outlinejmakring entrances and main course of action). In a typical play a pair of young lovers (played without masks), aided by a clever servant (Harlequin), outwit older masked characters.
- b Originally, any drama accompanied by music used to enhance mood or emotion. By the nineteenth century, it became highly stereotypical and favored sensational plots over realistic characters. Characters are stock characters, usually either highly virtuous or villainous, and plots are generally sensational and improbable. Virtue inevitably triumphs over villainy. The term is used today almost exclusively as a pejorative.
- c A genre using devisive humor to ridicule human weakness and folly or attack political injustices and incomptetence. Often focuses on ridiculing characters or killjoys, who resist the festive mood of comedy. Such characters, called humors, are often characterized by one dominant personality trait or ruling obsession.
- d In classical Greek staging of 5th century BC, the temporary wooden stage building in which actors changed masks and costumes when changing roles. It served as part of the set.
- e a play or dramatic poem designed to be read aloud rather than performed.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A literary work aimed at amusing an audience. One of the basic modes of storytelling and can be adapted to most literary forms-from poetry to flim. Action often involves the adventures of young lovers, who face obstacles and complications that threaten disaster but are overturned at the last moment to produce a happy ending.
- Incongruous imitation of either the style or subject matter of a serious genre, humorous due to the diparity between the treatment and the subject.
- After 1660 when Charles II was restored to the English throne and reopeed the London playhouses which had been closed by the Puritans, who considered theater immoral.
- A comic style arousing laughter through jokes, slapstick humor, sight gags, and boisterous clowning. Little intellectual appeal.
- katharsis; feeling of relief of pent-up emotions
5 True/False questions
flexible theater → arena theater with rising tiers around a central open space
Madrigal → A short secular song for three or more voices arranged in counterpoint. It is often about love or pastoral themes. Originated in Italy in the 14th century and enjoyed great success during the Elizabethan Age.
Plot construction ways → direct description, revelation by other characters, self-revelation
dramatic question → A form of comic drama in which the plot focuses on one or more pairs of young lovers who overcome difficulties to achieve a happy ending (usually marraige).
Tradegy → The representation of serious and important actions that lead to a disastrous end for the protagonist.