5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Theater of the absurd
- Picture-frame stage
- a A type of comedy featuring exaggerated character types in ludricrous and improbable situations, provoking belly laughs with sexual mix-ups, crude verbal jokes, pratfalls, and knockabout horseplay.
- b a dramatic styles developed bet. 1910& 1924 in Germany in reactio against realism's focus on surface details and external reality. To draw an audience into a dreamlike subjective realm, it used episodic plots, distorted lines, exaggerated shapes, abnormally intense coloring, mechanical phyical movement, ad telgraphic speeh. Plays ranged from utopian visions of a fallen, materialistic world redeemed byt the spirituality of "new men" to pessimistic nightmare visions of universal catastrophe.
- c high, thick-soled elevator shoes that made them apear taller than ordinary men.
- d Post WWII European genre depicting the grotesquely comic plight of human beings thrown by accident into an irrational and meaningless world. Ex. Samuel Beckett's "Wairing for Godot". ("A play about nothing" Jerry Seinfeld would say. LOL)
- e Developed in the 16th century Italian playhouses, it held the action within an arch, a gateway standing "in front of the scenery". It framed painted scene panels to give the illusion of 3-dimensional perspective although only one seat in the auditorium fully experienced the complete perspective illusion and that seat was reserved for royal patrons. This stage was the norm until the 20th century in Europe.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A type of drama that combines elements of both tradegy and comedy. Usually, it creates potentially tragic situations that bring the protagonists to the brink of disaster but then ends happily. Can be traced as far back as the Renaissance.
- A form of comic drama developed by guilds of professional Italian actors in the mid-16th century. Playing stock characters, masked players improvised diaologue around a given scenarios (with a brief outlinejmakring entrances and main course of action). In a typical play a pair of young lovers (played without masks), aided by a clever servant (Harlequin), outwit older masked characters.
- A genre using devisive humor to ridicule human weakness and folly or attack political injustices and incomptetence. Often focuses on ridiculing characters or killjoys, who resist the festive mood of comedy. Such characters, called humors, are often characterized by one dominant personality trait or ruling obsession.
- the primary unresolved issue in a drama as it unfolds; result of artful plotting, raising suspense and expecation in a play's action as it moves toward its outcome.
- In classical Greek staging of 5th century BC, the temporary wooden stage building in which actors changed masks and costumes when changing roles. It served as part of the set.
5 True/False questions
unities → personae; the source of our word person, "a thing through which sound comes"
Ampitheater → arena theater with rising tiers around a central open space
Symbolist movement → an international literary movement that originated with nineteenth century French poets to make literatur resemble music; avoided direct statements and exposition for powerful evocation and suggestion to capture visions of higher reality.
High Comedy → A comic genre evoking so-called intellectual or thoughful laughter from an audience that remains emotionally detached from the play's depiction of the folly, pretense, and incongruity of human behavior.
tragic flaw → An error or weakness on the part of the protagonist that aids in bringing about his or her reversal of fortune.