5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- theater in the round
- Proscenium arch
- a The minstrels of the late Middle Ages. Originally, they were lyric poets living in southern France and northern Italy who sang to aristocratic audiences mostly of chivalry and love.
- b Separating the auditorium from the raised stage and the world of the play, the architectural picture from or gateway "standing in front of the scenery" in traditional European theaters from the 16th century on.
- c a dramatic styles developed bet. 1910& 1924 in Germany in reactio against realism's focus on surface details and external reality. To draw an audience into a dreamlike subjective realm, it used episodic plots, distorted lines, exaggerated shapes, abnormally intense coloring, mechanical phyical movement, ad telgraphic speeh. Plays ranged from utopian visions of a fallen, materialistic world redeemed byt the spirituality of "new men" to pessimistic nightmare visions of universal catastrophe.
- d arena theater
- e In classical Greek theater architecture, "the place for dancing", a circular, level performance space at the base of a horseshoe-shaped ampitheater, where twelve, then later fifteen, young, masked, male chorus members sang and danced the odes interspersed between dramatic episodes in a play. Today, it is the ground floor seats in a theater or concert hall.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Incongruous imitation of either the style or subject matter of a serious genre, humorous due to the diparity between the treatment and the subject.
- katharsis; feeling of relief of pent-up emotions
- An error or weakness on the part of the protagonist that aids in bringing about his or her reversal of fortune.
- A comic genre evoking so-called intellectual or thoughful laughter from an audience that remains emotionally detached from the play's depiction of the folly, pretense, and incongruity of human behavior.
- A genre using devisive humor to ridicule human weakness and folly or attack political injustices and incomptetence. Often focuses on ridiculing characters or killjoys, who resist the festive mood of comedy. Such characters, called humors, are often characterized by one dominant personality trait or ruling obsession.
5 True/False Questions
unities → the song for the entrance of the chorus
box set → the illusion of scenic realsim for interior rooms was achieved in the early nine-teenth century with the develoment of this; consisting of three walls that joined in two corners and a ceiling that tilted as if seen in perspective.
Picture-frame stage → Developed in the 16th century Italian playhouses, it held the action within an arch, a gateway standing "in front of the scenery". It framed painted scene panels to give the illusion of 3-dimensional perspective although only one seat in the auditorium fully experienced the complete perspective illusion and that seat was reserved for royal patrons. This stage was the norm until the 20th century in Europe.
hamartia → causes hero's downfall; his error or transgression or his flaw or weakness of character.
masks → personae; the source of our word person, "a thing through which sound comes"