Chapter 30 Vocabulary

34 terms by amberperea 

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apnea

absence or cessation of breathing.

arrhythmia

irregular heart rhythm.

bounding

describes a pulse that feels full because of increased power of cardiac contractions or as a result of increase blood volume.

bradycardia

a slower heart beat; a pulse below 60 beats per minute.

bradypnea

respriations that are regular in rhythm but slower than a normal rate.

cerumen

A waxy secretion in the ear canal; commonly called ear wax.

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

a progressive and irreversible lung condition that results in diminished lung capacity.

diurnal rhythm

patterns of activity or behavior that follow day-night cycles.

dyspnea

Difficult or painful breathing.

essential hypertension

elevated blood pressure of unknown cause that develops for no apparent reason; sometimes called primary hypertension.

febrile

pertaining to an elevated body temperature.

homeostasis

internal adaptation and change in response to environmental factors.

hyperpnea

increase in the depth of breathing.

hypertension

high blood pressure

hyperventilation

abnormally prolonged and deep breathing usually associated with acute anxiety or emotional tension.

hypotension

blood pressure that is below normal.

intermittent pulse

pulse in which beats are occasionally skipped

orthopnea

condition in which individual must sit or stand to breath comfortably.

orthostatic hypotension

temporary fall in blood pressure when a person rapidly changes from a recumbent position to a standing position.

otitis externa

inflammation or infection of the external auditory canal.

peripheral

pertaining to an area that is outside or away from an organ or structure.

pulse deficit

condition in which the radial pulse is less than the apical pulse; may indicate peripheral vascular abnormality.

pulse pressure

difference between the systolic and the diastolic blood pressure.

rales

abnormal or crackling breath sounds during inspiration.

rhonchi

abnormal rumbling sounds on expiration that indicate airway obstruction by thick secretions or spasms.

secondary hypertension

elevated blood pressure resulting from another condition.

sinus arrhythmia

irregular heartbeat originating in the sinoatrial node.

spirometer

instrument that measures the volume of inhaled and exhaled air.

stertorous

describes a strenuous respiratory effort that has a snoring sound.

syncope

fainting; a brief lapse in consciousness.

tachycardia

rapid but regular heart rate exceeding 100 beats per minutes

tachypnea

respirations that are rapid and shallow; hyperventilation.

thready

describes a pulse that is scarcely perceptible.

vertigo

dizziness

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