Microbiology Chapters 9,10 & 11 Review

57 terms by jackie_fautturban

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Staphylococcus aureus

organisms commonly found in the normal flora of the respiratory tract

mutualism

type of symbiosis that benefit both members

impetigo

acute infection generally caused by group A Streptococcus

Tuberculosis

caused by an organism of the genus Mycobacterium

lower respiratory system

trachea, bronchi, lungs

Subcutaneous mycoses

occur predominantly in the tropics

contamination

presence of microbes in or on the body

mixed infection

infection in which several infectious agents establish themselves at the same time

Human papillomavirus

causes warts

Streptococcus pyogenes

Gram + bacteria

Toxic shock syndrome

and other skin infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus

Strep throat

caused by Streptococcus pyogenes

nosocomial infections

aka health care associated infections

Langerhans cells

located in the epidermis, play a role in defense against microbes

Leprosy

caused by Mycobacterium leprae

Rheumatic fever

rare complication of Strep throat

virulence factors

colonization, invasion, toxins, adhesion

mycoses

aka fungal infections

pathogen

microorganism capable of causing disease

parasitism

relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed

bacterial endotoxins

are components of the gram - cell wall

dermatophytes

important fungi that causes diseases of the skin, hair, and nails

normal flora

mouth, urethra, and vagina

virulence

degree or extent of disease-evoking power that a microorganism has

Smallpox

acute, highly contagious disease caused by the Variols virus of the Orthopoxvirus family

vehicle transmission

airborne, bodily fluid, foodborne

Haemophilus Influenza

is a gram-negative coccobacillus and a common cause of bronchiolitis in children, bronchitis in adults, and occasionally meningitis

Subcutaneous, GI, Inhilation

List the three forms of anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis

Gram-negative encapsulated bacillus

Klebsiella pneumoniae is a :

Scalp

Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the:

Amensalism

The mold that produces penicillin is an example of:

dermis

papillary layer of the skin

Candida albicans

causes diaper rash in infants

Chlamydia psittaci

causes parrot fever

iatrogenic infections

infections that may result from the use of catheters

Streptococcus pyogenes

organism often called flesh eating bacteria

jock itch

tinea infection in the groin area

Bacillus anthracis

causes Anthrax

endemic

generally present in a given population

common cold

should not be treated with antibiotics

transient flora

flora found in the same location as resident flora, but that remains only for a given amount of time

Tuberculosis

usually transmitted by talking, sneezing, and coughing

Chromoblastomycosis

chronic localized subcutaneous infection characterized by verrucoid lesions on the skin

Varicella-Zoster

causes chicken pox and shingles

Coronavirus

causes SARS

Whooping cough

caused by Bordetella pertussis

Coccidiodes immitis

Arizona is the geographic area that contains reservoirs for this agent

Hantavirus

causes diseases in humans, carried by rodents

Human flu virus type A

most virulent pathogen of the human flu

Tinea pedis

aka Athlete's foot

HSV - 1

herpes infection on lips and mouth

Scarlet fever

often associated with strawberry tongue and caused by Streptococcus pyogenes

Pulmonary aspergillosis

formation of fungus ball within preexisting cavities

portal of entry for pathogens

most frequently used is the respiratory tract

Commensalism

symbiotic relationship in which one of the organisms benefits and the other is not harmed or helped

focal infection

pathogen spreads from the original site to other tissues or organs

Propionibacterium acnes

causes acne

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set