Poetry terms to be familiar with for testing purposes.

alliteration

the repeating of the beginning consonant sounds as in "creamy, crunchy"

couplet

two lines of poetry that rhyme and usually contain one complete idea

hyperbole

an extreme exaggeration to clarify meaning

metaphor

a comparison of two unlike things that do not include the words "like" or "as"

meter

a pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in the lines of traditional poetry

onomatopoeia

is the use of a word whose sound makes you think of its meaning as in "buzz", "swish", "zigzag"

personification

is a form of figurative language in which an object, idea, or animal is given the characteristics of a person

refrain

is a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song

simile

comparison of two different things using comparing words such as "like" or "as"

stanza

a division or section of a poem named for the quantity of lines it contains; for instance, the couplet is two line stanza, the triplet, a three line stanza

symbol

is anything that stands for or represents something else. For example, a dove with an olive branch is a symbol of peace

verse

a line of traditional poetry written in meter. It may be a complete sentence but most of the time it is only part of a sentence.

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