The shift, beginning in England during the 18th century, from making goods by hand to making them by machine
One of the fenced-in or hedged-in fields created by wealthy British landowners on land that was formerly worked by village farmers.
Factors of production
The resources, - including land, labor, and capital - that are needed to produce goods and services
The system of growing a different crop in a field each year to preserve the fertility of the land
A person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a business.
The growth of cities and the migration of people into them
To refuse to work in order to force an employer to meet certain demands
An economic system in which all means of production - land, mines, factories, railroads, and business - are owned by the people, private, property does not exist, and all goods and services are shared equally
The idea that government should not interfere with or regulate industries and business
An economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit
An economic system in which the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all
The right to vote
A movement founded in the 1890s to promote the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine
The idea, popular among mid-19th - century Americans, that it was the right and the duty of the United States to rule North America from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
To withdraw formally from an association or alliance
In a factory, an arrangement in which a product is moved from worker to worker, with each person performing a single task in its manufacture
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially
The application of Charles Darwin's ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as justification for imperialist expansion.
A Dutch colonist in South Africa
A foreign policy based on a consideration of the strategic locations or products of other lands
An Indian soldier serving under British command
Open Door Policy
A policy, proposed by the United States in 1899, under which all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China
Sphere of influence
A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities
The adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit
A U.S. policy of opposition to European interference in Latin America, announced by President James Monroe in 1823.
A human-made waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, built in Panama by the United States and opened in 1914
President Theodore Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, in which he declared that the United States had the right to exercise " police power" throughout the Western Hemisphere
An 1898 conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the United States supported Cubans' fight for independence
A 1904-1905 conflict between Russia and Japan, sparked by the two countries' efforts to dominate Manchuria and Korea
A mid-19th century rebellion against the Qing Dynasty in China, led by Hong Xiuquan
The British-controlled portions of India in the years 1757-1947
A human-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
A control over internal matters granted to the residents of a region by a ruling government
An association of workers, formed to bargain for better working conditions and higher wages
A business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts.